Resilience of Rural Development and Climate Change in Viet Nam
This report evaluates the performance of three technical assistance (TA) projects in Viet Nam for the resilience of rural development and climate change, approved by the Asian Development Bank over 2009–2013: (i) TA 7377: Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study in the Mekong Delta; (ii) TA 8102: Promoting Climate Resilient Rural Infrastructure in the Northern Mountain Provinces; and (iii) TA 8592: Improving Payment for Forest Ecosystem Service Implementation. The projects sought to (i) improve the climate resilient capacity of related sectors and provincial authorities in the Mekong Delta; (ii) mainstream effective climate resilient measures for basic rural infrastructure into the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s rural infrastructure program; and (iii) improve the implementation of the Payment for Forest Ecosystem Service scheme.
The TA projects are assessed as follows: (i) TA 7377 is less than successful, relevant, less than effective, less than efficient, and less than likely sustainable; (ii) TA 8102 is less than successful, relevant, less than effective, less than efficient, and less than likely sustainable; and (iii) TA 8592 is successful, highly relevant, effective, efficient, and most likely sustainable.
This evaluation offers the following lessons: (i) to ensure their feasibility, adaptation measures should be developed and implemented by individual provinces on the basis of their specific climatic conditions, disaster preparedness, and development needs across sectors; (ii) the involvement of local stakeholders early on is crucial to gain and maintain their ownership of project objectives and activities; and (iii) a long-term operation and maintenance implementation plan is vital to ensure the durability of basic rural infrastructure.