Viet Nam: Vocational and Technical Education Project | Asian Development Bank

Viet Nam: Vocational and Technical Education Project

Evaluation Document | 26 April 2013

This performance evaluation report analyzes the project's inclusiveness and issues in the domestic labor market. It also assesses the roles of different stakeholders in the project.

Vocational and technical education is indispensable for addressing labor requirements, especially in countries transitioning to market economies, as in Viet Nam. Following the country's 1986 economic reforms known as "Doi Moi" (renovation), the demand for skilled workers has intensified. However, Viet Nam's vocational and technical education system has failed to sufficiently meet the demand for labor.

To overhaul Viet Nam's vocational and technical education system, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and other partners supported a project to help improve the system's market orientation, upgrade key schools by developing curricula and instructional materials, improve equipment and facilities, and strengthen institutional capacity in the General Department of Vocational Training. This included establishing a labor market information system for program accreditation and technical certification systems, improving access for women and minority students, staff development, and private sector participation.

The Vocational and Technical Education Project totaled $86.3 million, of which ADB financed $32.57 million, Agence Française de Développement $12.2 million, the Japan International Cooperation Agency $19.2 million, and the Nordic Development Fund $6.35 million. The Government of Viet Nam provided $15.98 million.

The project performance evaluation report rated the project as overall successful.

Among key lessons drawn from the evaluation were that managing vocational and technical education requires extensive coordination among different stakeholders, and that outcomes need to be integrated with the national system for them to be effectively utilized and sustained.

The evaluation report advises the Government of Viet Nam to continue improving the focus of its vocational and technical education system, and that its management could be further streamlined to reduce overlapping duties among government ministries and agencies. The government needs to reconsider the balance between investments in vocational and academic institutions, and step up campaigns to familiarize secondary and high school students with the benefits of vocational training.


  • Executive Summary
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Chapter 2: Design and Implementation
  • Chapter 3: Performance Assessment
  • Chapter 4: Other Assessments
  • Chapter 5: Issues, Lessons, and Follow-Up Actions
  • Appendixes