ADB Helps Enhance Crop Diversification and Food Security in Afghanistan

News Release | 27 October 2016

KABUL, AFGHANISTAN – The Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a $26 million grant and the administration of a $50 million grant from the European Union to enhance crop diversification and food security by improving irrigated agriculture in the Panj-Amu River Basin.

“The project will improve water availability for irrigated agriculture through better water distribution and management,” said Bui Minh Giap, Senior Natural Resources and Agriculture Economist with ADB’s Central and West Asia Regional Department. “It will improve income for around 55,000 farming households through increased cropping intensities, higher crop yields, and crop diversification.” 

The project is also expected to generate approximately 9,000 full-time jobs for local residents over the project life of 20 years, added Mr. Giap.  

Agriculture is a major engine of growth for Afghanistan. The sector is the main source of livelihood, employing over 50% of the national workforce and contributing 24% to the country’s gross domestic product during 2010-2015. However, Afghan agriculture has been suffering from low productivity, with crop yields below the world average and limited crop diversification due to inefficient water resource management and inadequate irrigation infrastructure. It is also highly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change like more frequent floods and droughts.

Afghanistan relies on wheat imports to meet its domestic demand. Food insecurity is prevalent throughout the country. This includes some areas of Panj–Amu River Basin, located in the northeast of the country encompassing the provinces of Badakhshan, Baghlan, Kunduz, Takhar, and Bamyan.

The project will rehabilitate and upgrade irrigation infrastructure, including main, secondary and tertiary canals, as well as watershed management to protect irrigation schemes from floods and improve water distribution to downstream users, particularly in dry seasons. It will address key climate change adaptation needs under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Capacity building support will be provided for water users/irrigation associations and relevant government agencies to operate and maintain irrigation infrastructure, and ensure effective water allocation for downstream users. The project will also improve farmers’ knowledge and skills in farm management through hands-on training using demonstration plots and community-based natural resource management publications.

Finally, the project will help Afghan members of the Afghanistan–Tajikistan trans-boundary technical working group to set up and operate the joint Pyanj River Basin Commission, responsible for joint hydrological monitoring of the river.

ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, ADB in December 2016 will mark 50 years of development partnership in the region. It is owned by 67 members – 48 from the region. In 2015, ADB assistance totaled $27.2 billion, including cofinancing of $10.7 billion.