MANILA, PHILIPPINES – The Board of Directors at the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved a $372.1 million emergency assistance loan to the Philippines to help restore basic social services and rebuild communities devastated by Typhoon Yolanda, known internationally as Haiyan.
The loan will support the government's Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (KALAHI-CIDSS) National Community Driven Development Project.
“The community-driven approach is very effective for emergency and post-calamity situations because the people affected by disasters are the first ones to respond. They know the hazards of the area, and can assess whether the disaster response is the most appropriate and sustainable for their village. Directly involving communities introduces greater transparency and accountability for the recovery efforts,” said Leah Gutierrez, Director of Human and Social Development in ADB’s Southeast Asia Department.
The KALAHI-CIDSS program, underway since 2002, empowers the affected communities to directly respond to the needs of poor households, lessening the influence of patronage in resource allocation, and creating jobs. ADB coordinated with the government and other development partners in the immediate aftermath of the typhoon to utilize the KALAHI-CIDSS framework to ensure ADB's support reaches just under a million households in more than 6,000 typhoon-affected villages.
The project supports building the capacity of community leaders and social workers to identify, prioritize, budget, and implement needed projects, such as water supply systems, schools, health stations, electrification, access roads, irrigation, flood control, and artificial coral reef sanctuaries.
In addition to the $372.1 million loan, ADB has already provided a $3 million grant from its Asia-Pacific Disaster Response Fund, a $500 million emergency loan to meet immediate post-disaster costs, and a $20 million grant from Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction to provide affected people in Eastern Visayas with access to emergency support and early recovery systems.