The Asian Development Bank (ADB), in collaboration with the Government of Japan’s Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (JMAFF), has established the Expert Committee (EC), together with ASEAN participating countries such as the Philippines and Viet Nam and well-established research institutes, in order to share Japan’s knowledge and experiences in paddy field management to increase food production while reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the agriculture sector of the ASEAN region and contribute to sustainable agricultural practices and climate change mitigation.

Following the inaugural meeting of the EC on 31 January 2024, which concluded that Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) is the most effective technology for application in the region and that it would be most appropriate to explore a project combining AWD with a carbon credit mechanism in accordance with Article 6.2 of the Paris Agreement and to develop a methodology for AWD, the second EC meeting was held in Tokyo on 12 March 2024. At the 2nd EC meeting, the ADB provided an opportunity for the EC to hear from a wide range of stakeholders, including AWD project developers and carbon credit buyers, and to facilitate discussions between the EC participants and these stakeholders. The stakeholders provided the EC with various insights including what types of barriers the stakeholders have and what they expect the EC to do, in order to establish a reliable methodology. The summary of the minutes of the 2nd EC meeting is available below.

The 3rd EC meeting will be held in Manila on 10 April 2024 to have an intensive discussion on laying out the issues and arguments for creating a reliable methodology. As discussed in the previous EC meetings, rigor is important for credibility, but speed and practicality should also be considered. It is important to consider a balance of trade-offs; the more we try to create a perfect and strict methodology, the more difficult it may be for project developers to use it.

These collaborative efforts represent a significant step forward in enhancing the environmental sustainability of the agriculture sector. The proceedings and outcomes of the pivotal meetings will be documented and made available on ADB's website.


Taking into account our surrounding circumstances on the climate change issue, it is necessary to consider issues such as what the stakeholders, including project developers, need and how the EC should balance credibility and practicality, in order to establish a reliable and useful methodology. It should also be noted that these issues vary from country to country. Based on the results so far discussed in the previous EC meetings, the ADB will hold the 3rd EC meeting to organize the issues and arguments so that the ADB could provide the EC with drafts of credible and practical methodologies in the Philippines and Viet Nam respectively, in the next 4th EC meeting.

Target participants

By invitation only.

Event organizers / partners

Asian Development Bank; Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries of Japan

Event Contact