Time of event

14:50–18:30 Tokyo time

Summary

Many developing Asian countries are committed to greenhouse gas emission reduction targets, or Nationally Determined Contributions, under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. To achieve these targets, countries have started to plan and implement policies incentivizing emission reductions, such as carbon taxes and emission trading schemes. However, their effectiveness is challenged by factors including policy design, energy prices, and the COVID-19 crisis.

This ADBI virtual workshop presented new research and country-level case studies on the effectiveness of policies to reduce fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in Asia and the Pacific. It also examined ways to improve the design and implementation of such measures in the region’s developing economies.

Objectives
  • Explore the role of transparency and accountability in measuring and reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
  • Estimate the effectiveness of GHG emission policies
  • Promote the design and implementation of effective GHG emission policies in Asia and the Pacific
  • Identify factors affecting the region’s GHG emission policies
  • Highlight thematic and country-level case studies of effective GHG emission reduction policies
Participants
  • Policy makers and experts from think tanks, universities, and other institutions, as well as post-graduate students and interested members of the public
Output
  • Enhanced understanding of GHG emission assessment and policy development challenges and best practices
  • Greater impetus for GHG emission policy research, dialogue, and collaboration between policy makers and experts
  • Research presented during the virtual workshop will be considered for publication in a journal special issue or edited book
Conference Presentations*

Session 1.1.1: Global Carbon Divestment and Firms' Actions
Presenter: Darwin Choi, Associate Professor, Department of Finance, Chinese University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)

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Session 1.1.2: Global Carbon Divestment and Firms' Actions
Discussant: Soh Young In, Research Director of Sustainable Finance, School of Engineering, Stanford University, United States

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Session 1.2.1: From Greenwashing to Carbonwashing: A Review of Corporate Carbon Disclosure Gaps
Presenter: Kim Schumacher, Lecturer, School of Environment and Society, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan

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Session 1.2.2: From Greenwashing to Carbonwashing: A Review of Corporate Carbon Disclosure Gaps
Discussant: Aparna Sawhney, Professor, Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

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Session 1.2.3: Introduction to Japan’s Mandatory GHG Accounting and Reporting System
Presenter: Kota Kanazawa, Legal Chief, Climate Change Policy Division, Global Environment Bureau, Ministry of the Environment

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Session 1.2.4: Indonesia : The Role of Transparency and Accountability of Measuring and Reporting GHG Emissions
Presenter: Ir. Syaiful Anwar, Director of GHG Inventory & MRV, Ministry of Environment and Forestry

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Session 2.1.1: Implications of the Nationwide Carbon Dioxide Emission Targets: A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model for Kazakhstan
Presenter: Zhanna Kapsalyamova, Assistant Professor, Economics, Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan

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Session 2.1.2: Implications of the Nationwide Carbon Dioxide Emission Targets: A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model for Kazakhstan
Discussant: Tooraj Jamasb, Professor, Copenhagen School of Energy Infrastructure (CSEI), Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School Endowed Professor of Energy Economics and Director for Copenhagen School of Energy Infrastructure (CSEI)

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Session 2.2.1: Impact of Energy Innovation on Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Moderation of Regional Integration and Social Inequality in Asian Economies
Presenter: Avik Sinha, Associate Professor, Centre for Excellence in Sustainable Development, Goa Institute of Management, India

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Session 2.2.2: Impact of Energy Innovation on Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Moderation of Regional Integration and Social Inequality in Asian Economies
Discussant: Kim Schumacher, Lecturer, School of Environment and Society, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan

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Session 2.2.3: Kazakhstan’s Climate Policy: Lessons Learned and the Way Forward
Presenter: Zulfiya Suleimenova, Member of Parliament, Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan

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Session 2.2.4: GHGs Emission Reduction Efforts in the Republic of Korea: Experience and Lessons
Presenter: Seung Jick Yoo, Professor, Graduate School of TESOL International Studies, Sookmyung Women's University

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Session 3.1.1: Role of Policy Interventions in Limiting Emissions from Vehicles in Delhi, 2020-2030
Presenter: Sanjib Pohit, Professor, National Council of Applied Economic Research, India

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Session 3.1.2: Role of Policy Interventions in Limiting Emissions from Vehicles in Delhi, 2020-2030
Discussant: Sakib Amin, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, School of Business and Economics, North South University, Bangladesh

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Session 3.2.1: Economic and Environmental Impacts of Dedicated Freight Corridors in India: Spatial Computable General Equilibrium (SCGE) Mode
Presenter: Kenmei Tsubota, Professor, Faculty of Global and Regional Studies, Toyo University, Japan

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Session 3.2.2: Economic and Environmental Impacts of Dedicated Freight Corridors in India: Spatial Computable General Equilibrium (SCGE) Mode
Discussant: Sanjib Pohit, Professor, National Council of Applied Economic Research, India

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Session 3.2.3: GHG Mitigation and Energy Policy of Thailand
Presenter: Rongphet Bunchuaidee, Director of Public Policy and Technical Support Office, Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization

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Session 4.1.1: Decarbonization Policies and Energy Price Reforms in Bangladesh: Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) Model
Presenter: Sakib Amin, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, School of Business and Economics, North South University, Bangladesh

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Session 4.1.1: Decarbonization Policies and Energy Price Reforms in Bangladesh: Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) Model
Discussant: Kenmei Tsubota, Professor, Faculty of Global and Regional Studies, Toyo University, Japan

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Session 4.2.1: Renewable Energy Certificates Trading in India: A Decade in Review
Presenter: Aparna Sawhney, Professor, Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

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Session 4.2.2: Renewable Energy Certificates Trading in India: A Decade in Review
Discussant: Len George, Principal Energy Specialist, PARD, ADB, Philippines

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Session 4.2.3: Renewable Energy and Low-Carbon Energy Transition in Malaysia
Presenter: Esther Lew, Principal Assistant Secretary, Renewable Energy Division, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources

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Session 4.2.4: GHG Reduction Policies in India
Presenter: Nishant Tiwary, Officer on Special Duty to the Union Minister of Power, New & Renewable Energy, India; and President, International Solar Alliance

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Keynote: Integration of Clean Cooking as an Effective Mitigation Measure in the Nationally Determined Contribution Development Process - Bangladesh Experience
Presenter: Utpal Bhattacharjee, Energy, Climate Change Mitigation & Public-Private Partnership Expert Consultant, UNESCAP, Thailand

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Session 5.1.1: Institutional Pressure and Effect on Market- Mechanism Implementation in Malaysia: A Case on Palm Oil Industry
Presenter: Zainorfarah Zainuddin, Senior Lecturer, Department of Geography, Faculty Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya, Malaysia

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Session 5.1.2: Institutional Pressure and Effect on Market- Mechanism Implementation in Malaysia: A Case on Palm Oil Industry
Discussant: Dil Rahut, Senior Research Fellow/Economist, ADBI

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Session 5.2.1: Regional Cooperation for Improving Agriculture Production Efficiency- A Strategic Tool for Emission Reduction
Presenter: Kazi Arif Uz Zaman, Deputy General Manager, Financial Stability Department, Bangladesh Bank (the central bank of Bangladesh), Bangladesh

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Session 5.2.2: Regional Cooperation for Improving Agriculture Production Efficiency- A Strategic Tool for Emission Reduction
Discussant: Trung Thanh Nguyen, Senior Lecturer, Environmental Economics and World Trade, Leibniz University, Hannover, Germany

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Session 6.1.1: What Determines Coal Consumption for Cooking and Heating Residential Space in Central Asia?
Presenter: Dina Azhgaliyeva and Ranjeeta Mishra, ADBI, Japan

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Session 6.1.2: What Determines Coal Consumption for Cooking and Heating Residential Space in Central Asia?
Discussant: Utpal Bhattacharjee, Energy, Climate Change Mitigation & Public-Private Partnership Expert Consultant, UNESCAP, Thailand

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Session 6.2.1: Almaty-Bishkek Economic Corridor: What can be done against air pollution?
Presenter: Kristian Rosbach, Economist (Regional Cooperation), CWRD, ADB, Philippines

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Session 6.2.2: Almaty-Bishkek Economic Corridor: What can be done against air pollution?
Discussant: Kamalbek Karymshakov, Economist, CAREC Institute, People's Republic of China

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*Disclaimer: The views expressed in these presentations are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), its Board of Directors, or the governments they represent. ADBI does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in these presentations and accepts no responsibility for any consequences of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

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