Time of event

Day 1: 14:00–17:00 Tokyo time
Day 2: 14:30–17:20 Tokyo time
Day 3: 14:30–16:35 Tokyo time

Summary

Population aging is a growing challenge and policy priority in many Asian countries. However, quality individual and household data is often insufficient to properly monitor and compare the living conditions of older persons across genders, social environments, and economic levels in the region. Strengthening post-COVID-19 policy responses to population aging will require greater efforts to build and examine data sets that consider factors such as physical and mental well-being, universal healthcare, employment, economic security, financial inclusion and literacy, long-term care needs and family support, gender-related issues, and policy impact evaluation.

This virtual conference cohosted by ADBI, the Asian Development Bank, and Japan International Cooperation Agency Ogata Sadako Research Institute for Peace and Development explored the role of data in supporting the health and socioeconomic well-being of older persons in Asia and generated policy recommendations for improving data development aimed at raising their quality of life after the pandemic. It focused on strategies for enhancing data collection, sharing, and analysis of variables critical to realizing healthier and more productive aging populations.

Objectives
  • Discuss key issues for population aging policy development, such as demographic trends, health endowments, financial status, and social conditions of seniors
  • Assess data needs and approaches for addressing population aging challenges in Asian countries
  • Support the development of a survey-based database on aging in the region
  • Highlight ways to promote analyses of micro/survey data to boost evidence-based policy making for the physical, mental, social, and economic well-being of older persons
Participants
  • Government officials from Asian Development Bank member economies
  • Experts in healthcare, population studies, and demographic transition from think tanks, universities, and international organizations
Output
  • Greater understanding of the importance of data for advancing population aging policy development
  • Policy recommendations for the sound development of population aging databases and data analysis
  • Presentations and related conference materials to be uploaded on the ADBI website
Partners
  • Asian Development Bank
  • Japan International Cooperation Agency Ogata Sadako Research Institute for Peace and Development
Conference Presentations*

Session 1, Presentation 1: Plight of the Elderly: Senior Citizen Allowance and Gender Disparities in Economic and Behavioral Outcomes
Jayash Paudel, Assistant Professor of Economics, Boise State University

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Session 1, Presentation 2: Psychosocial Wellbeing of Older Adults in Malaysia
Halimah Awang, Senior Research Fellow, Social Wellbeing Research Centre, Universiti Malaya, Malaysia

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Session 2, Keynote Speech 1: The Art of Meaningful International Comparisons in Population Aging Research
Axel Börsch-Supan, Director, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging, Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy, Munich, Germany; and Professor of Economics and Chair for the Economics of Aging at the Technical University of Munich

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Session 3A, Presentation 3.1: Delay the Pension Age or Adjust the Pension Benefit? Implications for Labor Supply and Individual Welfare in the People’s Republic of China (PRC)
Yuanyuan Deng, Senior Research Associate, ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research(CEPAR), UNSW Business School,Sydney

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Session 3A, Presentation 3.2: Delay the Pension Age or Adjust the Pension Benefit? Implications for Labor Supply and Individual Welfare in the PRC
Sang-Hyop Lee, Professor, Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa (Discussant)

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Session 3A, Presentation 5.1: Improving State Capacity to Target Extreme Poverty: An Evaluation of a Randomized Intervention in Bangladesh
Atonu Rabbani, Associate Professor of Economics, University of Dhaka

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Session 3A, Presentation 5.2: Improving State Capacity to Target Extreme Poverty: An Evaluation of a Randomized Intervention in Bangladesh
Jayash Paudel, Assistant Professor of Economics, Boise State University (Discussant)

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Session 3A, Presentation 7: On the Effectiveness of Insurance Mechanisms for the Elderly in the PRC
Yasuyuki Sawada, Professor of Economics, University of Tokyo

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Session 3A, Presentation 9.1: Inequality of Access to Social Welfare Programs for Older People in Indonesia
Muh. Ulil Absor, Lecturer, School of Social Work Universitas Islam, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Session 3A, Presentation 9.2: Inequality of Access to Social Welfare Programs for Older People in Indonesia
CV Irshad, PhD Student, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India (Discussant)

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Session 3B, Presentation 4: The Multidimensional Well-Being of Asian Senior Citizens: A Systematic Review
Alessia Destefanis, Research Intern, ADBI

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Session 3B, Presentation 6.1: Financial Inclusion for the Elderly and the Role of Information and Communications Technology in Thailand
MinhTam Bui, Asst. Professor of Economics, Faculty of Economics, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand

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Session 3B, Presentation 6.2: Financial Inclusion for the Elderly and the Role of Information and Communications Technology in Thailand
Alessia Destefanis, Research Intern, ADBI (Discussant)

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Session 3B, Presentation 8: On the Role of Structural Transformation in Demographic Change: Evidence from Multi-Generation Tracking Survey in the Philippines
Soyoung Kim, PhD Student, University of Tokyo

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Session 4, Keynote Speech 2: Social Security, Work, and Health of the Older Persons: Research Experience and Policy Issues in Japan
Takashi Oshio, Professor, Economic Institutions and Policy, Hitotsubashi University

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Session 5A, Presentation 10: Health Capacity to Work at Older Ages: Evidence from the Republic of Korea and the PRC
Sang-Hyop Lee, Professor, Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa

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Session 5A, Presentation 11: Analyses and Projections of Family Households, Living Arrangements, and Home-Based Care Needs for Disabled Older Adults in Sri Lanka, 2012–2060
Zhenglian Wang, Senior Research Scientist, Center for Population Health and Aging of Population Research Institute, Duke University

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Session 5A, Presentation 12.1: Demographics, Labor Force, and Older People in Indonesia
John Piggott, UNSW Scientia Professor of Economics and Director, CEPAR, UNSW, Sydney

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Session 5A, Presentation 12.2: Demographics, Labor Force, and Older People in Indonesia
Muh. Ulil Absor, Lecturer, School of Social Work Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia (Discussant)

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Session 5B, Presentation 13: Healthy Aging and Gender Gap in India: Evidence from the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India - Wave 1
CV Irshad, PhD Student, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India

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Session 5A, Presentation 14: Mapping the Unpaid Care Economy in the Asia-Pacific Region
Gretchen Donehower, Academic Specialist, Center for Economics and Demography of Aging, UC Berkeley

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Session 5B, Presentation 15: Universal Health Coverage and Older Persons in Mongolia: An Investigation of Rural-Urban Disparities in Health Service Use
Vasoontara Sbirakos Yiengprugsawan, Senior Research Fellow, Ageing in Asia Research Hub, CEPAR, UNSW Business School, Sydney

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Session 5A, Presentation 16: Trends and Characteristics of Labor Force Participation among Older Persons in Developing Asia and Their Retirement Decisions: Literature Review and Cross-Country Assessment
Aiko Kikkawa, Economist, ADB

Raymond Gaspar, Consultant, ADB

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Session 5B, Presentation 17.1: Determinants of Mental Health Deterioration among Older People during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study in Indonesia
Dinar Dana Kharisma, Policy Planner, Ministry of National Development Planning, Indonesia

Niwayan Suriastini, Executive Director, SurveyMETER

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Session 5B, Presentation 17.2: Determinants of Mental Health Deterioration among Older People during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study in Indonesia
Vasoontara Sbirakos Yiengprugsawan, Senior Research Fellow, Ageing in Asia Research Hub, CEPAR, UNSW Business School, Sydney (Discussant)

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*Disclaimer: The views expressed in these presentations are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), its Board of Directors, or the governments they represent. ADBI does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in these presentations and accepts no responsibility for any consequences of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

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