Overweight and Obesity in Asia and the Pacific | Asian Development Bank

At the forefront of growth and development in Asia and the Pacific

Overweight and Obesity in Asia and the Pacific

Event | 13 - 15 July 2018 ADB Headquarters, Manila, Philippines
Time of event

09:00–18:00

Background

In recent years, Asia and the Pacific have recorded not only high rates of economic growth but also of overweight and obesity. Overweight and obesity are important risk factors for various chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of cancer. Both conditions reduce productivity and thus have a direct impact on economic output. Furthermore, both conditions are typically chronic and often require lifelong treatment, which weighs heavily on the health spending of households and governments.

Being overweight is a risk factor for chronic, non-communicable diseases (NCD) and contributes substantially to health care expenditure. It is a main risk factor for Type-2 diabetes. New studies show that over 100 million people in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) have been diagnosed with diabetes. This means that one in four diabetes patients worldwide resides in the PRC. National health care expenses of the PRC for diabetes rose from 1.96% of national health care expenditure in 1983 to 18.2% in 2007.

Being overweight is particularly a problem in urban areas. Studies have shown that 67% of people living in Jakarta are overweight or obese. Only around 50% of people in Asia live in urban areas. With urbanization being one of the most important trends for the next decade, changes in lifestyle and increased rates of overweight and obesity can be expected. There is also evidence that poverty is associated with an increased risk of developing obesity. Childhood undernutrition appears to influence faster weight gain and obesity during nutrition or lifestyle changes.

Objectives
  • Provide an overview of global and regional strategies, action plans, and initiatives related to NCDs, obesity, diet, and physical activity
  • Show empirical evidence on the effectiveness of taxes to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), and discuss how to prevent NCDs
  • Using health and finance data, demonstrate the effects of food taxation and subsidies by different tax design and levels of taxation with its advantages and disadvantages, and explain key components of optimal SSB tax design (tax types, rates, and bases)
  • Explain and present evidence on key challenges and threats to implementation and potential unintended consequences of SSB taxation: tax-pass through, tax avoidance and evasion, impact on the poor, and job losses
Participants
  • More than 15 government officials from ministries of health and finance, and non-governmental agencies working on public health from Bhutan, the PRC, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Viet Nam
  • Experts on the issue are also invited to facilitate the training
Output
  • Shared knowledge on and experiences in drafting action plans and initiatives related to NCDs, obesity, diet, and physical activity
  • Establish country and regional roadmaps for advocacy and implementation of fiscal measures for diet, including data requirements, evaluations, and strategies to proactively counter industry opposition
  • Presentation materials to be uploaded to the ADBI website
How to register

By invitation only

Partners

Asian Development Bank’s Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department and the World Health Organization