Experts warn that even toilets and sanitation systems are not immune from the impact of climate change, a reality that both developed and developing countries face.

For many in the Philippines, it was the recurrence of a nightmare. The night of 11 November 2020 brought back flashes of Typhoon Ketsana (local name: Ondoy) along with the haunting memories of losing loved ones and leaving hard-earned homes as torrential rain, howling winds, and rising floodwaters struck many parts of Manila and other provinces in the country due to Typhoon Vamco (local name: Ulysses).

The increasing frequency and intensity of disasters, especially in Asia and the Pacific, due to climate change is now well known, unlike in 2009 at the height of Ketsana.

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