The Islamic Republic of Pakistan spans plains, deserts, forests, and plateaus, ranging from the Arabian Sea to the mountains of the Karakoram and Hindu Kush. The nation’s energy mix is dominated by thermal power, with almost 60% of electricity generated from oil-, gas- and coal-fired power plants. Fossil fuels are neither environmentally sustainable nor cheap: Generation costs were substantially skewed toward oil- and gas-fired power plants, which accounted for 46% of the total cost in fiscal year 2017.
The Northern Province of Sri Lanka and its infrastructure were severely affected by the domestic conflict which lasted more than 30 years. Effects of this conflict can be still seen today, economically as well: The contribution of the province to Sri Lanka’s Gross Domestic Product is still the lowest among all nine provinces.
The COVID-19 pandemic has strained global food systems and processes, affecting both food supply and demand. ADB is helping build a resilient agribusiness sector through its work with the private sector.
Kacific1, built with financing from ADB and its Leading Asia’s Private Infrastructure Fund, is a next generation satellite that is providing affordable internet connections to remote and far-flung communities in the Asia and Pacific region.
The Government of Mongolia and ADB are implementing a $570.1 million project, including about $410 million in private sector investment, to turn Ulaanbaatar’s ger areas into affordable, low-carbon, climate-resilient, and livable eco-districts.