Rapid urbanization, population growth and climate change have severely affected Tonga’s water supply, sanitation and infrastructure. The Nuku'Alofa Urban Development Sector Project helped improve water accessibility and supply in the country.
ADB is supporting Nepal’s pandemic response plan through a $250 million countercyclical support facility loan under its COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program.
Nearly half of small and medium enterprises in Kazakhstan are headed by women, but many face challenges in accessing credit. A $200 million project by ADB is helping to provide women the financing they need to expand their businesses.
An ambitious and wide-ranging project helped return a sense of normalcy to an estimated 1.1 million conflict-affected people in Sri Lanka.
Following 20 years of civil conflict, up to 50% of the 110,000 households in the coastal area of the country’s east were estimated to be poor. The conflict destroyed livelihood assets, displaced people, and eroded government institutional capacity. Females headed many fractured households due to losses of male family members.
The civil conflict had a devastating effect on infrastructure in the Northern and Eastern provinces of the country. Taking advantage of the ceasefire agreement in 2002, ADB carried out an assessment of the North-East region to determine the relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction needs of the conflict-affected areas.
Providing access to reliable safe drinking water and sanitation in the conflict-affected areas— where investment for basic infrastructure could not be made in the preceding 2 decades— was an urgent priority for the Government of Sri Lanka.
Restoring normalcy to the former conflict zone, post conflict rehabilitation and construction became a priority in the immediate aftermath of the end of the civil conflict.
The COVID-19 pandemic sparked a sharp economic downturn and rapid rise in unemployment in Bangladesh. To assist the government, ADB committed more than $2.6 billion to manage the immediate economic, social, and health-related impacts of the pandemic.
With ADB’s help, reforms to reduce air pollution and protect human health were implemented in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.