Project Name Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement Sector Development Program
Project Number 30480-013
Country / Economy Philippines
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Strategic Agendas
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Transport policies and institutional development

Description The objective of the Program is to promote policy reforms to improve air quality through the abatement of main mobile and stationary sources of air pollution. The policy reforms within an agreed three-year AQAP are designed to address key factors contributing to deteriorating air quality. The scope of the Program is designed to (i) mitigate air pollution from mobile sources; (ii) mitigate air pollution from stationary sources; (iii) improve fuel quality; (iv) reduce emissions from vehicular use; (v) reduce traffic congestion and improve traffic flow; (vi) strengthen ambient air quality monitoring, evaluation, and reporting; (vii) intensify public awareness of issues relating to air quality; (viii) monitor coordination and implementation of the AQAP; and (ix) strengthen capacity of the institutions involved.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Deteriorating air quality is impairing the health and welfare of a large portion of the population, in particular that of the 20 million residents in Metro Manila and its surrounding air shed. The concentration of several dangerous pollutants has reached critical levels that are well above those that commonly affect human health. The primary causes of air pollution---vehicles and industrial processes--continue to expand rapidly. If not addressed, the detrimental effects of air pollution will significantly erode the gains of economic and social development.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Metro Manila and the surrounding provinces in its air shed
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services None
Procurement The proceeds of the loan will be used to finance the foreign exchange costs of items produced and procured in member countries of the Bank excluding items on a negative list, and imports financed by other bilateral and multilateral funding agencies.
Responsible ADB Officer ADB Disclosure
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Infrastructure Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Department of Environment & Natural Resources
Office of the Secretary
Visayas Avenue Diliman, Quezon City
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 02 Jun 1997 to 16 Jun 1997
MRM 19 Aug 1997
Approval 16 Dec 1998
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 21 Apr 2010
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