ADB finances projects and programs in the territories of its developing members. Its main instruments comprise loans, equity investments, guarantees, grants, and technical assistance. ADB also provides policy dialogues and advisory services and mobilizes financial resources through its cofinancing operations.
ADB is a leading AAA borrower in international and domestic capital markets, having issued bonds across various markets in 49 currencies. Borrowings finance Ordinary Capital Resources (OCR) operations. OCR loans are generally made to developing members that have attained a higher level of economic development. ADB’s debt securities carry the highest possible investment ratings from major international credit rating agencies.
ADB maintains a regular presence in the green bond market following the launch of its Green Bond program in 2015.
ADB’s Green Bond Framework defines eligible projects to support developing member countries seeking to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the consequences of climate change.