Payments for Ecological Services and Eco-Compensation: Practices and Innovations in the People's Republic of China

Policy makers in the People's Republic of China have been experimenting with new approaches to environmental management, resulting in a wide array of policy and program innovations under the broad heading of eco-compensation. Many of these are market-based instruments, particularly payments for ecological services—currently an emerging policy debate regarding the extent to which beneficiaries should pay, and the providers should be compensated—for the provision of natural resources and environmental services to promote sustainable, balanced growth. These proceedings are a collection of papers presented at the International Conference on Payments for Ecological Services convened in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in September 2009 to support eco-compensation programs in the country.

  • Foreword
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • The People's Republic of China's Evolving Eco-Compensation Framework: Background and Select Provincial Case Studies
  • Issues and Options in the People's Republic of China: Views on the Payments for Ecological Services from Chinese Policy Makers and Experts
  • International Experiences in Markets for Ecosystem Services and the Asian Development Bank's Perspectives
  • Toward a More Effective Eco-Compensation Policy Framework

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