Myanmar: Second Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Modernization Project (formerly GMS East-West Economic Corridor Highway Development

Project Name Second Greater Mekong Subregion Highway Modernization Project (formerly GMS East-West Economic Corridor Highway Development
Project Number 50381-001
Country / Economy Myanmar
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9314-MYA: Greater Mekong Subregion East-West Economic Corridor Highway Development
Japan Fund for Prosperous and Resilient Asia and the Pacific US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Some gender elements
Description The technical assistance will prepare a feasibility study for a project to develop a new arterial highway between Bago and Kyaikto of about 75 kilometers (km), along the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) East West Economic Corridor (EWEC).
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The GMS road corridors are the backbone of Myanmars transport system. The EWEC connects Thailand with Yangon and its special economic zone of Thilawa, and then onwards to Pathein, the capital of the Ayeyarwaddy delta. Improvements to this corridor will reduce national transport costs and improve regional connectivity with Thailand, and onwards to the GMS region. The Thailand, Lao PDR and Viet Nam sections of the corridor have been completed to high standards, and border facilities improved. However, most of the GMS EWEC road corridor in Myanmar has only two lanes, with a pavement in fair to poor condition; road safety features are generally missing. The alignment is long, crosses urban areas, and its low standards often make it unsafe for speeds higher than 40-60 kph.

The technical assistance will prepare a feasibility study for a project to address capacity issues on the Bago-Kyaikto section of the EWEC where the current two-lane road experiences high traffic. A pre-feasibility study prepared by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) showed that the section would reach capacity between 2020 and 2025. Upgrading the current road is not the preferred solution, as it would come with high resettlement impacts, and because the alignment is long and winding in several areas. The project involves instead the construction of a new arterial highway shorter by 32 km than the current alignment, which will halve travel time. The new arterial highway will be about 62 km long, and includes a 2.3 km bridge upon the Sittaung River.


An arterial highway network supporting economic development, regional economic growth, and international industrial competitiveness in a way that is safe, environmentally-friendly and efficient is established (Master Plan for Arterial Road Network Development in Myanmar)a

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

More efficient and safer movement of goods and people between Bago and Kyaikto, along the GMS EWEC

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

New Bago-Kyaikto highway constructed

Rural access roads completed

Capacity of MOC enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Bago, Kyaikto
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The TA will prepare the stakeholder and communication plan in line with the environmental and social safeguards requirements. There were rounds of public consultations in August 2018. There are continuous consultations with the different stakeholders, especially with the affected people, during the course of the project preparation.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

ADB recruited a consulting firm for a total estimated 52.5 person-months international consultant input and 90 person-months national consultant input. The mode of recruitment was under quality-cost based selection method (90:10 quality to cost ratio), using output-based terms of reference, and full technical proposal.

PADECO Co., Ltd. and Yooshin Engineering Corporation in association with Myanmar International Consultants, Ltd. and PADECO India Pvt. Ltd. have been engaged by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to implement the transactional TA (9314). The Consultant mobilized on 11 December 2017.

Responsible ADB Officer Date, Shihiru
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Construction
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
Approval 21 Apr 2017
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 22 Oct 2019

TA 9314-MYA

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
21 Apr 2017 29 Sep 2017 29 Sep 2017 31 Oct 2018 31 Aug 2021 19 Oct 2021
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 17 Jun 2022 1,947,830.29

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