Project Name Disaster Resilience of Schools Project
Project Number 51190-001
Country / Economy Nepal
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0601-NEP: Disaster Resilience of Schools Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 10.00 million
Grant 0602-NEP: Disaster Resilience of Schools Project
Clean Energy Fund under the Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility US$ 5.00 million
Loan 3702-NEP: Disaster Resilience of Schools Project
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 148.86 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development

Gender Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The impact of the Project will be enhanced disaster risk management for human resources development (Post Disaster Recovery Framework and School Sector Development Plan) . The outcome will be disaster resilience of schools and communities increased and learning environment improved. The outputs will be (a) heavily damaged schools reconstructed and improved; (b) unsafe schools retrofitted and disaster risk reduced; and (c) institutional capacity for disaster resilience strengthened.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Three natural disasters threaten school infrastructure in Nepal: earthquakes, landslides and flood. Records show that the risks linked to an earthquake in terms of casualties, number of affected persons and physical damages remains the greatest of all. Making school infrastructure resilient to earthquakes is a priority and doing so would make them resistant to flood and landslide damages as well.

The Project would mainstream the reconstruction and retrofitting of the most vulnerable schools in the 14 affected districts of Nepal. A DRR program would complement the retrofitting effort. The proposed Project would pilot a community-driven retrofitting by local government of 3 schools in selected municipalities. The objective is also to train the remote communities to replicate the good practice in future government funding.

Impact

Disaster risk management for human resource development enhanced (Post Disaster Recovery Framework and School Sector Development Plan) a

[a = Government of Nepal, National Reconstruction Authority. 2016. Nepal Earthquake 2015: Post Disaster Recovery Framework, 2016-2020.Kathmandu; and Government of Nepal, Ministry of Education.2016. School Sector Development Plan, 2016-2030. Kathmandu.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Disaster resilience of schools and communities increased and learning environment improved

Progress Toward Outcome The progress towards outcome achievement is on track.The following Student numbers are covered in Recon 1, Recon 2, Recon 3 and retrofitting as per EMIS data:2017/ 18 Baseline: ( Girls: 56088, Boys: 50444, Total: 106532). 2018/19 Data: ( Girls: 59276, Boys: 53011, Total: 112287). 2019/20 Data: ( Girls: 60460, Boys: 54470, Total: 114930).2020/21 Data: ( Girls: 64689, Boys: 59794, Total: 124483).As of June end, DRM consultant has prepared 242 GESI responsive action plan.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Heavily damaged schools reconstructed and improved

Unsafe schools retrofitted and disaster risk reduced

Institutional capacity for disaster resilience strengthened g

[g = Capacity of MOEST, municipalities, SMCs, and communities strengthened.]

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Recon1 comprises of 66 schools of which 62 schools' construction work completed while progress of 4 schools are at the advance stage of construction. Overall physical progress of Recon I is 99%.Recon 2 comprises of 106 schools of which 30 schools' construction work completed while progress of 76 schools are at the advance stage of construction. Overall physical progress of Recon 2 is 89%.Recon 3 comprises of 37 schools , are at the full implementation stage. Overall physical progress of Recon 3 is 30%.TBER for procurement of solar power parts is under review. DRM Team has reviewed GESI responsive retrofit design and implementation is completed in 3 schools of Gorkha, Kavrepalchowk and Makwanpur District.The retrofitting works has been commenced in 143 schools (9 packages-Retro 1 to 9). There has been an average physical progress of 60% . GESI-responsive DRM action plans for reconstructed and retrofitted schools prepared for 242 schools.50 Days GESI responsive retrofitting OJT mason training for 360 masons completed with 30 % women participants. Training for engineers is at the final stage of completion .Comprehensive user manual for DRR implementation prepared by DRM Consultant.
Geographical Location Bhaktapur, Dhading, Dolakha, Gorkha, Kabhre Palanchok, Kathmandu District, Lalipur, Makwanpur, Nuwakot, Okhaldhunga, Ramechhap, Rasuwa, Sindhuli, Sindhupalchok
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects

The project is classified as B' for environment in consistent with the ADB SPS 2009. An environmental assessment and review framework have been prepared to provide guidance on environmental screening, impact assessment, safeguard planning and implementation (the document is attached in the PAM). Like the social safeguard, the mission underscored to fulfill all requirements at the detailed design stage and during the contract administration. The mission briefed that the focal persons assigned at CLPIU and DLIPU will be supported by the environment specialist of DSC along with safeguard and GESI monitors.

Involuntary Resettlement The project is classified as B' for involuntary resettlement. In accordance with the ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS 2009) the resettlement framework has been formulated to guide the project on screening, impact assessment, and implementation (the document is attached in the PAM). The mission highlighted the need to prepare the detailed due diligence report for all schools to be reconstructed and retrofitted under the project during the detailed design stage of schools. It was also underscored that the focal persons as outlined in the organization structure (detailed above in para.10 and 11) is followed and the DSC deputes the safeguard and GESI monitors at each DLPIUs along with safeguard expert to support the implementation of the social safeguard under the project. The inception mission reminded to complete strengthening of grievances redress committee within time specified in loan covenants. The mission also reiterated to strictly follow the schools selection and eligibility criteria related with safeguards. The DLPIU and CLPIU should follow the voluntary donation criteria specified in resettlement framework and maintain documentation to ensure there was no coercion and process was transparent in case of land received through voluntary donation. The mission highlighted reporting requirements for social safeguard and advised for timely submission of monitoring reports with quality. The CLPIU agreed to organize one day orientation on safeguard requirements to DSC and other relevant staff once all are on board..
Indigenous Peoples The project is classified as C' for indigenous people.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

All consultants will be recruited according to ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and ADB Procurement Regulations (2017, as amended from time to time). The terms of reference for all consulting services are detailed in Section D.

An estimated 7,418 person-months (7,262 through firm and or NGO and 156 through individual person-months) are required to (i) facilitate project management and coordination, (ii) design and supervise civil works, (iii) organize community disaster risk reduction, (iv) implement of solar component, and (v) strengthen the institutional and operational capacity of the implementing agency. Consulting firm will be engaged using the quality and cost-based selection (QCBS) method with a standard qualitycost ratio of 80:20.

Procurement

All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and ADB Procurement Regulations (2017, as amended from time to time).

Open competitive bidding (OCB) method with international advertisement will be used for any civil works contract estimated to $5 million or more, and any goods contract estimated to cost $ 2 million or more. OCB method with national advertisement will be used for any civil works contract estimated to cost below $5 million and any goods contract estimated to cost below $2 million. Shopping will be used for any civil works or goods contract estimated to cost below $100,000.

Responsible ADB Officer Giri, Naresh
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Sector Office (SG-HSD)
Executing Agencies
Central Level Project Implementation Unit - Education
National Reconstruction Authority
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Jan 2018
Fact Finding 14 Mar 2018 to 31 May 2018
MRM 13 Jun 2018
Approval 10 Sep 2018
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 20 Dec 2022

Grant 0601-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Sep 2018 20 Nov 2018 11 Dec 2018 31 Mar 2023 31 Mar 2027 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 10.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 10.00 25 Apr 2024 8.47 0.00 85%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Apr 2024 7.70 0.00 77%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Grant 0602-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Sep 2018 20 Nov 2018 11 Dec 2018 31 Mar 2023 31 Mar 2027 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 5.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 25 Apr 2024 0.00 4.12 82%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 5.00 25 Apr 2024 0.00 0.97 19%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 3702-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Sep 2018 20 Nov 2018 11 Dec 2018 31 Mar 2023 31 Mar 2027 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 183.86 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 148.86 25 Apr 2024 122.78 0.00 82%
Counterpart 35.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Apr 2024 118.16 0.00 79%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory
 
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