|Project Name||Establishing a Support Facility for Article 6 of the Paris Agreement|
|Country / Economy||Regional
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Energy sector development and institutional reform
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender||Some gender elements|
The Asian Development Bank (ADB), through the proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA), will establish and implement the Article 6 Support Facility ("the Support Facility"). The Support Facility will provide capacity building and technical support to developing member countries (DMCs) to help them to identify, develop and test mitigation actions under the framework of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.
The TA is included in the Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department (SDCC) Results-based Work Plan 2018-2019.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
ADB has approved Strategy 2030 to respond to a rapidly evolving Asia and the Pacific. Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability is one of seven operational priorities of Strategy 2030. The Climate Change Operational Framework 2017-2030 (CCOF2030) strengthens ADB's support to DMCs in meeting their commitments under the Paris Agreement, including their nationally determined contributions (NDCs), as well as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Financing.
The Carbon Market Program (CMP) , established in 2006, is one of ADB's flagship climate change initiatives, providing technical support and carbon finance to mitigation projects in DMCs. Through the CMP, ADB is supporting DMCs to develop and implement market-based approaches under the Paris Agreement and will continue to play a leadership role in the development of post-2020 carbon markets.
The Paris Agreement sets out the long-term goals for all countries to limit the global temperature increase to well below 2oC, while pursuing a 1.5oC target. It requires all countries to contribute through their NDCs, which set out their national post 2020 climate targets and commitments. The bottom up approach, centered on NDCs, respects national autonomy, allowing countries to determine their own mitigation and adaptation ambitions. As of August 2018, 174 Parties have communicated their first NDCs. However, the collective levels of ambition are not sufficient to meet the Paris Agreement goals and efforts are needed by all countries to raise ambitions.
Article 6 of the Paris Agreement enables countries to voluntarily cooperate in implementing their NDCs through market and non-market-based approaches. Article 6 could help countries access cost effective mitigation opportunities and additional climate finance streams through cooperation and form the basis for raising their ambitions over time. The market-based approaches in Article 6 include cooperative approaches under Article 6.2, which allows countries to use "internationally transferred mitigation outcomes" (ITMOs) towards their NDCs, and a new mitigation and sustainable development mechanism under Article 6.4, which will generate mitigation outcomes that could be traded internationally. These parts of Article 6 lay the foundations for post 2020 international carbon markets under the Paris Agreement by allowing countries to use mitigation outcomes from another country towards their NDCs.
Most of ADB's DMCs have submitted their first NDCs, and the majority are developing and implementing national climate plans and policies to support implementation. Almost all DMCs have provided commitments in their NDCs that are conditional (fully or partially) on international support. Cooperation under Article 6 could provide part of this support. Twenty-six countries in Asia and the Pacific have expressed their willingness to use carbon pricing, including international carbon markets, as a key tool for NDC implementation and potentially raising ambitions in the future, and are working to understand the how to engage in mitigation actions under Article 6. For example, Thailand has indicated it will explore the use of such cooperation, Pakistan is reviewing policy considerations in order to further integrate market mechanisms in responding to emerging threats, and Viet Nam and India have indicated that they will use market mechanisms to achieve their NDCs. The Republic of Korea states that it will partly use international market mechanisms to achieve its 2030 mitigation target, while Bangladesh does not rule out the use of market-based mechanisms.
In order to engage in activities under Article 6, DMCs must understand the specific requirements and associated accounting systems that they will need to manage participation. The PA requires countries that engage under Article 6 to promote sustainable development and ensure environmental integrity, transparency and robust accounting. DMCs are, or need to, begin to understand what this means in practice. The guidance, rules, and procedures for the implementation of Article 6 are currently being negotiated, as part of the "Paris Rulebook", which is expected to be adopted at the 24th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 24) in December 2018. However, negotiations have been slow, and the elaboration of many issues is likely to continue well beyond 2018. The complexity and uncertainty created by the ongoing negotiations are challenging for DMCs.
There is growing momentum in DMCs to undertake pilot activities under Article 6. Pilot activities will play a critical role in building the capacity of DMCs to assess the use of cooperative approaches and the new 6.4 mechanism; contribute practical insights on how market based approaches under Article 6 can be designed and implemented; help DMCs begin to develop, the institutional capacity and systems needed; and help DMCs to begin to engage the private sector in mitigation actions under Article 6. Pilot activities could also demonstrate how Article 6 could potentially be used for supporting new activities and/or those outside the scope of the NDC. The lessons learned from pilot activities will also strengthen DMC's ability to participate as important stakeholders in the negotiation and development of the international rules and the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
Low carbon development in Asia and the Pacific accelerated (Strategy 2030: Achieving a Prosperous, Inclusive, Resilient, and Sustainable Asia and the Pacific)
|Description of Outcome||
Article 6 Support Facility operationalized
|Progress Toward Outcome||The TA has developed a Roadmap for Conducting Article 6 Pilots for the DMC government officials and implementers of mitigation actions under the Article 6 framework. Various mitigation actions under ADBs portfolio have also been assessed and a few mitigation actions in participating DMCs have been identified for piloting under Article 6. Pilot concept notes have been prepared for shortlisted pilot mitigation actions in Indonesia, Mongolia, and Pakistan.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Capacity of developing member countries to develop frameworks and pathways for mitigation actions under international carbon markets enhanced
Capacity of developing member countries to pilot and support mitigation actions at scale under Article 6 enhanced
Capacity of developing member countries to undertake robust accounting and reporting of mitigation outcomes strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||The TA developed a set of operational guidelines to determine various packages that could be offered to DMCs. This was used to conceptualize potential capacity building, and technical and policy development support tailored for the needs and plans of DMCs and were discussed with them based on series of consultations. Work plans with specific areas of support and activities are in place with the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs for Indonesia, with the Ministry of Environment and Tourism for Mongolia, and with the Ministry of National Resources and Environment for Viet Nam. Discussions on support for other DMCs such as Bhutan, Pakistan, Philippines, and Thailand are ongoing. The TA has supported the organization of various capacity building activities alongside regional and global climate events (i.e., Innovate4Climate, Asia-Pacific Climate Week, and UN Climate Conference [COP]). Moreover, 5 knowledge products have been developed and published in 2020. The TA has also designed a four-module training program on carbon pricing designed for DMCs' key government officials and stakeholders, and has already delivered the first three training modules for the benefit of 37 representatives from 7 DMCs. Scope and form of capacity building, and technical and policy development support on accounting and reporting of mitigation outcomes were identified as part of the workplans for Indonesia, Mongolia, and Viet Nam.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation||Side events to engage stakeholders and promote Article 6 Support Facility initiatives were undertaken during the Asia-Pacific Climate Week held from 2-6 September 2019 in Bangkok, Thailand.|
|Consulting Services||ADB will recruit individual consultants to provide international and national consulting inputs. An estimated 124 person-months of international consulting inputs (carbon market expert, project manager [mitigation actions], GHG accounting expert) and 382 person-months of national consulting inputs (carbon market expert, technical expert [mitigation actions], GHG accounting expert, research assistant, TA coordinator, and administrative assistant) are required to carry out activities under the TA. ADB will engage the consultants following the ADB Procurement Policy (2020, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions.|
|Procurement||ADB will engage the consultants and carry out procurement following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Duggal, Virender K.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Climate Change and Sustainable Development Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Climate Change, Resilience, and Environment Cluster (CCRE)|
Asian Development Bank
|Concept Clearance||29 Oct 2018|
|Fact Finding||31 May 2018 to 31 May 2018|
|Approval||07 Dec 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||16 Feb 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|07 Dec 2018||-||07 Dec 2018||31 Dec 2021||31 Dec 2026||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|3,000,000.00||4,776,080.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||7,776,080.00||28 Nov 2023||2,165,480.16|