Project Name Uttarakhand Integrated and Resilient Urban Development Project
Project Number 38272-044
Country / Economy India
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 4148-IND: Uttarakhand Integrated and Resilient Urban Development Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 125.00 million
TA 6840-IND: Enhancing Climate Resilience in Uttarakhand Urban Development
Climate Change Fund US$ 750,000.00
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 250,000.00
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP4: Making cities more livable
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage - Urban water supply

Gender Effective gender mainstreaming

The Uttarakhand Integrated and Resilient Urban Development Project (UIRUDP) supports the improvement of universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water, and access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all ending open defecation, in support of Uttarakhand Vision 2030.

The project will apply a range of integrated, resilient, and innovative solutions: (i) centralized and decentralized sanitation systems and mobile toilets to enhance citywide inclusive sanitation (CWIS); (ii) citywide computerized maintenance and management systems (CMMSs) for WSS, based on smart technology and the first of its kind in India; and (iii) various measures to improve climate resilience. The project will also (i) promote behavioral change toward water and resource savings, and better hygiene practices; (ii) empower communities for WSS-related jobs and foster entrepreneurial skills; and (iii) strengthen the institutional knowledge and capacity of state and local governments for integrated, sustainable, and climate-resilient urban development in Uttarakhand.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The state of Uttarakhand, located in the northern part of India, is one of the fast growing states supported by manufacturing industries and tourism. As hill agriculture became unstable and better opportunities for jobs and education became increasingly concentrated in urban centers, urban migration from hill villages has intensified rapid urbanization. Unplanned urbanization and the challenges to mobilize human and financial resources led to significant gaps in the provision of basic infrastructure and services to growing urban areas. The lack of clean water supply and sanitation (WSS) systems and services in particular poses disproportionate burden on the poor, which is estimated at around 15% of urban population.

The Government of Uttarakhand (GOU) articulated its WSS goals and targets in its vision document, Uttarakhand Vision 2030, which are: (i) universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water, and (ii) access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation.3 Under the WSS goals, the 2030 targets specific to urban WSS in the state are (i) all urban households with access of piped water, compared to 30% of urban households in 2017; and (ii) 100% of urban local bodies (ULBs) with partial sewerage, compared to 28.6% of ULBs in 2017 .

Among many urban areas in Uttarakhand that require investment, GOU, with ADB's support, prioritized the investment based on the urgency, scale of impacts, safeguards sensitivity, project readiness, and ULB ownership. Two project locations were selectedDehradun and Nainital. Dehradun, the winter capital of Uttarakhand, is the most populous city in Uttarakhand experiencing unprecedent speed of urban sprawl. Compared to the 2011 census data of 569,578 living in 61 wards with a total area of 64.6 square kilometer (sq km), Dehradun experienced fast growing peri-urban areas with huge influx of urban migrants and carried out re-boundary mission in 2018. As a result, Dehradun has expanded to 300% in area (196.48 sq km) and increased by 141% in population (803,983 in 2018) living in 100 wards. The urban master plan of Dehradun-2025 drafted in 2015 has not been updated to address its urban expansion and the necessary provision of urban infrastructure and services. The WSS investment gap is significant, particularly on sanitation system and services in new Dehradun area. Untreated wastewater and fecal sludge are directly disposed to Rispana, Bindal, and Suswa rivers causing severe environmental and health risks.

Nainital, the judicial capital of Uttarakhand, is set in a valley of steep mountains around Nainital Lake. Estimated population of Nainital in 2020 is about 60,000. Compared to the 2011 census data of 41,377, the urban population is increased by 50%. As Nainital is a highly popular hill station, the average number of daily visitors to Nainital is around 72,650 with 90% staying overnight. Severe water stress resulted from the constantly increasing number of urban residents and the high-reaching floating population, which is 120% higher than the residents. Moreover, the observed depletion of ground water that has been a major drinking water source, and deterioration of surface water quality, led to the restriction of the duration of water withdrawal from tube wells by the water authority in Nainital. The service hours of tap water have been reduced despite the sufficient water supply infrastructure developed by ADB-financed project. The aging sewerage networks with leaks and insufficient sewerage treatment capacity has worsen water pollution, making it difficult to tap on surface water as an alternative drinking water source. Upgrading of the aging sewer networks built around 1940 and the necessary expansion of sewerage treatment capacity in Nainital are urgent tasks for the system sustainability of both WSS.

ADB's collaboration with Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and National Institute of Urban Affairs led to the improvement of the project design. Fecal sludge and septage management is added and integrated to the centralized sewerage system through installation of co-treatment unit at the proposed STP in Dehradun. To expand the benefits of using smart technologies like SCADA and GIS, ADB introduced CMMS solutions, which will transform labor- and resource-intensive, and reactive O&M and asset management practices in WSS into modernized, systemized, proactive, and efficient ones. CMMSs will reduce O&M costs through prediction, planning, and scheduling preventive maintenance; increase equipment life and reliability; boost employee productivity; and improve customer satisfaction through preventing problems and quickly redressing their complaints. Responding to the GOU's concern on water scarcity and water pollution and its request, ADB introduced EBA measures (also called nature-based solutions) that can bring multiple benefits such as drought mitigation, heat stress reduction, flood control, water quality improvement, carbon sink, aesthetic quality, recreational and restorative capacity, local air quality improvement, and health benefits. The TA attached to the proposed project will support the conceptual design and feasibility assessment of these EBAs, which can contribute to the preparation of a future project in Uttarakhand.


Universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water

Access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all ending open defecation.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Reliability and efficiency of water supply and sanitation services in Dehradun and Nainital enhanced

Progress Toward Outcome Detailed assessment to identify the functions for CMMSs is ongoing.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Resilient water supply system and service in Dehradun improved

Integrated and resilient sanitation systems and drainage established in Dehradun and Nainital

Computerized maintenance management systems for water and sanitation developed and implemented in Dehradun and Nainital

Institutional capacity and knowledge strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. A total of 106 km (78%) of water supply pipelines were installed, and a total of 6,875 (127%) household connections were provided in Dehradun.

2. For Dehradun, detailed designs for two new STPs are finalized and approved. Raft for both STPs have been completed, shuttering for the Walls is in process at both STPs. The foundations' works are under progress. Then a total of 214 km (84%) sewer pipes were installed, and 8573 manholes were constructed. For Nainital STP, measures to consolidate have been considered due to perennial landslides which occurred in Nainital in October 2021, January 2022, and March 2022. The discussion with the technical institute and agency is in the advanced stage. For the same reason (perennial landslides), reassessment had to be done in the trunk and outfall sewers of Naintal. Detailed design was prepared and approved recently and a total of 1,800m CIPP lining is completed. A total of 16,005 (92%) household sewer connections were installed. And DPR for the 20 mobile toilet buses is under preparation.

3. Initial system and governance assessment of (a) IT infrastructure and water supply, and sewerage and stormwater drainage O&M is ongoing for CMMS in both Dehradun and Nainital.

4. Strengthening of Institutional capacity and knowledge will be achieved by 2027.

Geographical Location Dehra Dun, Nainital
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The Project is classified as Category B for environment based on ADB Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) 2009. Accordingly, draft Initial Environment Examination (IEE) reports including Environmental Management Plans (EMPs) for the six Design-Build-Operate (DBO) packages were prepared and disclosed through the ADB Website. Based on the IEEs, the Project is unlikely to have significant adverse environmental impacts that are irreversible, diverse, or unprecedented. Potential environmental impacts are mostly due to construction which is short-term and site-specific and can be mitigated based on the measures defined in the Environmental Management Plan (EMP). Updated IEEs will be prepared based on the Contractor's detailed design and will be disclosed also on the ADB website.
Involuntary Resettlement No major issue.
Indigenous Peoples No issue.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholder communication and consultation have been done during the project design phase.
During Project Implementation Regular stakeholder consultations have been carried out.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

For L4148: Project management and construction supervision firm was engaged in 2020. Recruitment for Community Awareness and Public Participation Agency is on-going. Other consulting services recruitment would commence in 2024.

For TA 6840: The firm on Climate Resilience Modeling, Planning, and Designing was engaged on December 2022.

Procurement All the civil works contracts were awarded in 2021.
Responsible ADB Officer Pauleta de Almeida, Pedro Miguel
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Water and Urban Development Sector Office (SG-WUD)
Executing Agencies
Government of Uttarakhand
Concept Clearance 29 Oct 2020
Fact Finding 05 Jul 2021 to 16 Jul 2021
MRM 20 Sep 2021
Approval 26 Nov 2021
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 13 Nov 2023

Loan 4148-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Nov 2021 07 Dec 2021 05 Mar 2022 30 Jun 2029 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 156.25 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 125.00 25 Jan 2024 90.08 0.00 72%
Counterpart 31.25 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Jan 2024 31.19 0.00 25%

TA 6840-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Nov 2021 31 Dec 2021 31 Dec 2021 31 Dec 2023 31 Dec 2024 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 25 Jan 2024 515,515.88
This page was generated from /projects/38272-044/main on 03 March 2024

Source URL: