Project Name
Delhi-Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System Investment Project - Tranche 2
Project Number
Country / Economy
  • India
Project Status
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 8410-IND: Delhi-Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System Investment Project (Tranche 2)
Source Amount
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank US$ 500.00 million
Operational Priorities
  • OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
  • OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
  • OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
  • OP4: Making cities more livable
  • OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector
  • Transport / Urban public transport

Effective gender mainstreaming
The investment project will finance the first of three prioritized corridors of the planned regional rapid transit system (RRTS) network in India's National Capital Region (NCR). The Delhi-Meerut RRTS will pass through the densely populated sections of the NCR, connecting Delhi to Meerut in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The 82-kilometer corridor will provide safe, reliable, and high-capacity commuter transit services between various locations along the corridor. The investment project will finance rail track, signaling, station buildings, and maintenance facilities. It will also support capacity and institutional development of the National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC), a joint venture company of the Government of India and states of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, that is mandated to implement the RRTS project across the NCR. Tranche 2 will finance the second slice of the contract packages under the investment project.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Plans for transport arteries to enhance regional connectivity have become critical for inclusive and sustainable development of the NCR. The NCR Regional Plan 2021 recommends integrating regional centers with each other and the capital through an integrated transport network to reduce pressure on Delhi and induce growth and development of settlements in NCR. The Functional Plan 2032 was then developed to detail out the specific polices of the Regional Plan related to the transport sector. The Functional Plan, approved by the NCR Planning Board in November 2009, recommended an integrated multi-modal transportation system for NCR to improve the mobility of both people and goods. The plan specifically includes a proposal for the construction of eight regional rapid transit system corridors, three of which are being prioritized for implementation, to connect Delhi to other cities in the NCR with high-speed commuter trains. Strengthening of urban mass transit systems and increasing environmental sustainability of cities through the development of railways is recognized in the country partnership strategy of ADB for India. The development of rail-based mass transit systems is governed by three main policies: National Urban Transport Policy (2006), National Transit Oriented Development Policy (2015), and Metro Rail Policy (2017).

Urban mobility in the National Capital Region improved

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Efficiency, safety, social inclusiveness, and environmental sustainability of transport in the Delhi-Meerut regional rapid transit system (RRTS) corridor improved

Progress Toward Outcome
The project-implementing units are fully staffed and operational. EA has disbursed about 77% of the Tranche 2 allocation amount equivalent to $373 million. Further, the 34 km of the 82-km long RRTS corridor is now operational having 8 stations operational.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Delhi-Meerut RRTS corridor commissioned

Institutional capacity of the NCRTC strengthened

Mobility and economic opportunities of women and differently abled improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Delhi-Meerut RRTS project is currently under implementation. All project activities including civil construction and system installation are progressing at a good pace. The project is on track and expected to be completed as per schedule. The priority corridor of the 17km section was inaugurated on 20 Oct 2023 and another 17km extension became operational on 06 March 2024. With this, 34km section is operational out of 82 km long RRTS corridor. Overall physical progress is 75.1% as of 29 Feb 2024. EWCD-friendly and climate- and disaster-resilient features have been built into the project design. Multimodal integration of RRTS with various modes has been planned. Action plans on transit-oriented development and value-capture financing instruments have been completed. NCRTC has incorporated a wholly owned subsidiary, NCRTC Express Transit Limited (NETRA) with a view to developing O&M capacity and capturing private sector efficiency. Subsequently, NCRTC has engaged M/s Deutsche Bahn Engineering and Consultancy India Pvt. Limited (DB India) for first-in-its-kind comprehensive Operation and Maintenance of 82 km long Delhi-Ghaziabad Meerut RRTS corridor for a period of 12 years. Smart technology-based platform building information modeling Lab and state-of-the-art innovation center 'APARIMIT' established at Duhai Depot. NCRTC staff participated in the workshop/webinar on financial management, procurement, and safeguards organized by ADB. NCRTC has engaged and mobilized M/s Grant Thornton Bharat LLP to conduct need analysis and training for employment and/or entrepreneurial opportunities and identify the beneficiaries and distribution of assistive aids.
Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Most of the alignment will be built along the center of an existing busy highway. The NCRTC held consultations with key project stakeholders throughout the EIA preparation and these will be continued during project implementation. A grievance redress mechanism is fully functional to address complaints and grievances. To comply with the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement requirement for MFF investments, the NCRTC has prepared an environmental assessment and review framework. NCRTC is submitting periodic environment monitoring reports as per ADB requirement.
Involuntary Resettlement
The project minimizes involuntary resettlement impacts by using elevated tracks on the carriageway of existing roads. Nevertheless, about 138 hectares of private land and 32 hectares of government land will be required for 17 stations and two depots. The NCRTC has prepared a resettlement framework to guide the assessment and mitigation of unanticipated involuntary resettlement impacts of the MFF.
Indigenous Peoples
The project alignment is generally in urban and peri-urban areas where scheduled tribes do not have a cultural attachment to the land, customary territories, and distinct livelihood systems. Hence, it will not affect indigenous people's communities within the meaning of the ADB SPS.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
The key stakeholders of the project are regional commuters, government agencies, and affected people. The project design is based on consultations with women and differently-abled groups, transport service providers, skills development organizations, experts, and transport experts in the NCT of Delhi to discuss issues such as station design features, transport services, and safety perception, including harassment. The project design and GESI action plan were formulated in consultation with and the participation of key stakeholders through a review of secondary literature and an assessment of the Delhi Metro rail system.
During Project Implementation
Stakeholder engagement and consultations will be conducted at various stages throughout the project implementation process.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services
For consultancies financed by ADB, all consultant recruitment will be carried out using quality- and cost-based selection with an 90:10 ratio. Procurement of contracts to be financed from the project will be through open competitive bidding (international advertisement).
Procurement (including consulting services) to be financed by ADB will follow ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). ADB standard bidding documents for large works or plant (design, supply and install) with pre- or post-qualification will be adopted, with appropriate adaptations.


Responsible ADB Officer
Sahu, Kaushal Kumar
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Transport Sector Office (SG-TRA)
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
National Capital Region Transport Corporation


Concept Clearance
Fact Finding
21 Sep 2021
03 Dec 2021
Last Review Mission
Last PDS Update
20 Mar 2024


Loan 8410-IND

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Oct 2020 10 Mar 2022 08 Jun 2022 31 Dec 2027 - -
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 1,299.60
ADB 0.00
Counterpart 799.60
Cofinancing 500.00
Loan Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 06 Jun 2024 0.00 484.01 97%
Cumulative Disbursements 06 Jun 2024 0.00 428.27 86%
This page was generated from /projects/51073-004/main on 06 June 2024

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