Project Name
Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Tranche 2
Project Number
Country / Economy
  • Bangladesh
Project Status
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Grant
  • Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0799-BAN: Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 2
Source Amount
Government of the Netherlands US$ 17.89 million
Loan 4107-BAN: Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Tranche 2
Source Amount
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 157.00 million
Operational Priorities
  • OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
  • OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
  • OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
  • OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
  • OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural flood protection - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development

Effective gender mainstreaming

The multitranche financing facility (MFF) to the People's Republic of Bangladesh for the Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program was approved in 2014 to improve the livelihoods in the project area along the Jamuna, Padma, and Ganges rivers in central Bangladesh. It will reduce flood and riverbank erosion risks in priority erosion reaches through structural and nonstructural interventions, and institutional and knowledge-based strengthening. It will implement three subprojects comprising climate-resilient flood embankments protecting critical riparian productive areas in central Bangladesh and capacity building initiatives. It will extend successful riverbank protection technologies of the ADB-financed Jamuna-Meghna River Erosion Mitigation Project to other areas, with necessary improvements.

At the government's request the originally envisaged Tranches 2 and 3 of the MFF will be combined into a single and final tranche (Tranche 2). Tranche 2 will be a continuation of the works carried out under Tranche 1 and will build upon the achievements of Tranche 1.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Bangladesh is a densely populated country located mainly on a vast low-lying floodplain at the confluence of three main rivers, namely the Jamuna, the Padma (Ganges), and the Meghna. The country is highly prone to natural hazards and vulnerable to disasters due to its location, climate variability, high incidence of poverty, poor institutional capacity, inadequate financial resources, and weak integrated planning and maintenance of infrastructure. While overall national poverty incidence declined, rural poverty is still pervasive and the poor live mainly in rural areas. Their conditions are exacerbated by the highly dynamic river morphology and climate impacts, recurrent floods, and riverbank erosion. This discourages investment in riverine areas and results in lower economic growth that has prevented incomes from rising and perpetuated high poverty rates. The country's high population density has restricted people from leaving the most disaster-prone areas. In these areas, this investment program aims to tackle one of the critical development inhibitors of Bangladesh: recurrent flooding from the Jamuna-Padma-Ganges-Meghna river system, exacerbated by unpredictable riverbanks erosion.

Livelihood in the project area improved.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Flood and riverbank erosion risks in the subproject areas reduced.

Progress Toward Outcome
Project activities are ongoing.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Flood and riverbank erosion risk mitigation functioning at priority reaches improved

Institutional system for flood and riverbank erosion risk management strengthened

Program management systems operational

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

PCSS issued for goods packages G-02, G-03 and G-04.

Not yet started.

Project Management Unit established and operational.

Geographical Location
Chauhali, Enayetpur, Harirampur

Safeguard Categories

Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
The works under Project 2 are a continuation of those under Project 1. The updated Environmental Impact Assessment, including an environmental management plan, was disclosed on ADB's website in May 2021. The environmental assessment and review framework was updated to describe the established grievance redress mechanism and incorporate minor changes and improvements in the design. A tranche report was also prepared and approved. The category A classification is triggered because without mitigation, direct impacts of Project 2 interventions on biodiversity habitat could be significant, long-lasting and cumulative. The main works are confined to the riverbanks, outside of any sensitive or protected areas.
Involuntary Resettlement
The riverbank protection and embankment will go through private cultivated land, commercial land, and pond areas, resulting in about (i) 68 ha of land acquisition; and (ii) physical and economical displacement of over 720 households, comprising about 3,900 persons, loss of land, 2,652 structures, and 14,000 trees (timber, medicinal, fruit-bearing) due to involuntary land acquisition. Extensive consultations with the affected persons (APs) were conducted during the Project 2 preparation ; project information and the resettlement framework were explained to them. The APs are direct beneficiaries of the protection works. Land acquisition and resettlement will take place in the three subproject areas: riverbank protection requires narrow strips of land in each area, and embankment construction in only subprojects Jamuna Right Bank-1 (JRB-1) and Jamuna Left Bank-2 (JLB-2) areas. The project follows a sector approach: a resettlement framework (RF) and one sample resettlement plan (RP) (Shahjadpur in JRB-1) have been prepared and disclosed, and three other RPs will be prepared accordingly. This approach was due to COVID-19 constraints to conduct a full census for the Shahjadpur RP, and the need for completion of riverbank stabilization works prior to land acquisition for the three remaining RPs. All four RPs will be finalized, and disclosed with ADB approval during project implementation, but prior to award of works contracts in these areas. The RPs will also consider measures to mitigate COVID-19-related risks, including effective methods of safe consultation and resettlement, and updated vulnerability assessments to address the real-time impacts of COVID-19 on APs lives, such as loss of livelihoods, access to services, and community health. BWDB has acquired capacity for mitigating social risks, will work with the support of an NGO and will engage an external monitoring expert.
Indigenous Peoples
As there are no tribes, minor races, ethnic sects, and communities in any subproject areas, Project 2 will have no impact on the dignity, human rights, livelihood systems, or culture of tribes, minor races, ethnic sects, and communities, nor affect their ancestral domain.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
The stakeholder communication strategy has been built into the design of the project, including the resettlement plans and the gender action plan, while no separate stakeholder communication strategy has been established. A key part of the project implementation strategy will be focusing on information sharing and consultation that will guide communications with stakeholders during project implementation. Such information sharing will help to build consensus and ensure continuous stakeholder support throughout the project implementation. The primary audiences for the communication strategy are local communities along the project rivers, the public (NGOs and development partners, key individual decision makers) and government and authorities (local upazila administration, institutions and ministries).
During Project Implementation
The communication activities will include door-to-door awareness campaigns, public meetings, publicity programs with educational institutes, etc. Stakeholder consultations were initiated during Project 2 preparation and Tranche 1, with affected households, local representatives and other stakeholders. Socio-economic surveys were also conducted before finalizing the designs. After finalizing the designs, the proposed interventions were explained at each proposed subproject site. This close communication with local stakeholders will be maintained during the implementation stage.Implementation delays may occur due to communicable diseases such as COVID-19, potentially resulting in time and cost overruns.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services
All procurement of consulting services will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers: Goods, Works, Nonconsulting and Consulting Services (2017, as amended from time to time).
All procurement of goods, and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers: Goods, Works, Nonconsulting and Consulting Services (2017, as amended from time to time).


Responsible ADB Officer
Drieu, Olivier
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Agriculture, Food, Nature, and Rural Development Sector Office (SG-AFNR)
Executing Agencies
Bangladesh Water Development Board


Concept Clearance
Fact Finding
25 May 2021
06 Sep 2021
Last Review Mission
Last PDS Update
28 Jun 2022


Grant 0799-BAN

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
06 Sep 2021 01 Mar 2022 18 Apr 2022 26 Jun 2024 - -
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 17.89
ADB 0.00
Counterpart 0.00
Cofinancing 17.89
Grant Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 13 Jun 2024 0.00 13.13 73%
Cumulative Disbursements 13 Jun 2024 0.00 10.12 57%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - Satisfactory

Loan 4107-BAN

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
06 Sep 2021 01 Mar 2022 18 Apr 2022 26 Jun 2024 - -
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 194.91
ADB 157.00
Counterpart 37.91
Cofinancing 0.00
Loan Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 13 Jun 2024 92.35 0.00 73%
Cumulative Disbursements 13 Jun 2024 79.72 0.00 63%
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