Project Name
Supporting Private Sector Development and Export Growth through Evidence-Based Policy Formulation
Project Number
Country / Economy
  • Pakistan
Project Status
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6973-PAK: Supporting Private Sector Development and Export Growth through Evidence-Based Policy Formulation
Source Amount
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Operational Priorities
  • OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
  • OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
Sector / Subsector
  • Industry and trade / Industry and trade sector development

Some gender elements
The proposed knowledge support technical assistance (TA) will enhance evidence-based policy formulations for private sector development and export promotion, capacity building for economic modeling, and support for the knowledge hub to accelerate sustainable economic reforms. The TA will prepare analytical studies and briefs focusing on innovative technology and new businesses for policy formulations, including e-commerce. For capacity building, the TA will provide training for applying complex and/or advanced analytical techniques such as Computable General Equilibrium models, guiding policy formulation. The TA will identify reputable academic institutions, think tanks, and research centers as a national knowledge hub for the last sub-component. The TA will connect knowledge hubs to international think tanks like Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Institute and Asian Development Bank Institute and support conferences and knowledge dissemination activities.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Policymaking is a multidimensional exercise that involves dealing with varying degrees of uncertainty and complexity. The first step towards adequately addressing the multifaceted challenges beset private sector development and export growth in Pakistan is sound policy formulation. Pakistan's public institutions often do not have the adequate capacity to formulate evidence-based policymaking. It is critical to conduct quantitative and qualitative analyses of own and other country's data to make informed decisions. By appropriately applying evidence from real-world situations, efficient and effective policy solutions accelerate growth in the private sector and boost exports. This TA will offer that evidence through various knowledge products, including analytical and diagnostic studies, research papers, and policy briefs, focusing on innovative technology and e-commerce. This TA will also provide capacity building to relevant stakeholders to formulate evidence-based policymaking. The Government of Pakistan is actively seeking assistance for an e-commerce strategy through an action plan. The knowledge products generated through this TA will help support that strategy to promote the private sector development and support export-led growth.

Low, almost stagnant growth in exports poses a significant development challenge for Pakistan. This trend continued even during the recent period of sharp currency depreciation started in 2019. Food and textiles remain Pakistan's key exports, but they continue to suffer from declining external demand, low value-addition, poor trade facilitation, and higher competition from other countries. Pakistan lags in export competitiveness, resulting in a continual loss of market share. Therefore, evidence-based policy formulation for export sectors that aims to enhance exports' value-addition, increase diversification, and pave the way for more robust export-led growth is critical to ensuring sustainable economic growth in the country.

Human capital quality and performance closely link with public sector organizations' ability, capacity, and performance for effective policy formulation and implementation. The role of public sector employees in offering key inputs in policy formulation and ensuring successful implementation is instrumental. This underscores the need for public officials' continuous training and capacity development to fill knowledge and/or skills gaps that may develop over time. Under the current diverse and rapidly changing environment, policymakers in the public sector must continually learn and acquire new skills, tools, and methodologies that enable them to effectively deliver solutions to complex problems. This TA will support this objective by offering training on applying complex and/or advanced analytical techniques that bolster the formation of well-informed, evidence-based policy solutions.

Another important objective of this TA is to support knowledge creation and sharing among policymakers to introduce new and innovative technology in the space for small- and medium-sized enterprises and public-private partnerships. New technology, like e-commerce and e-business, is expected to enhance female labor participation. TA will also promote linking various academic institutions, think tanks, and research organizations. Knowledge hub, the knowledge-sharing platform across crucial players in the policymaking apparatus, will have a robust multiplier effect for sharing knowledge and best practices among policy experts and professionals in the public and private sectors. It will render problem-solving experiences reusable and enable the application of valuable knowledge and skills in similar situations. Moreover, a knowledge hub will facilitate speedier and better decision-making, diminish the loss of important knowledge, and boost innovation, creativity, and growth. Adopting a collaborative approach will expand contributions from multiple stakeholders in identifying effective and timely solutions.


Trade deficit reduced and private sector development promoted

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Formulation of evidence-based economic policies for private sector development and export promotion supported

Progress Toward Outcome

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Roadmap for strategic knowledge and capacity needs for evidence-based policy formulation generated

Knowledge products for evidence-based policy formulations for private sector-led export promotion presented

Training on capacity building for economic modeling provided

International conferences on sustainable development, export promotion, and regional cooperation supported by the identified knowledge hubs

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
During Project Implementation


Responsible ADB Officer
Taniguchi, Kiyoshi
Responsible ADB Department
Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division
Pakistan Resident Mission (PRM)
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Commerce


Concept Clearance
03 May 2022
Fact Finding
23 May 2022 to 31 May 2022
18 Oct 2022
Last Review Mission
Last PDS Update
21 Oct 2022


TA 6973-PAK

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
18 Oct 2022 19 Nov 2022 19 Nov 2022 31 Oct 2025 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00
Cumulative Disbursements
Date Amount
26 Apr 2024 124,011.24
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