Timor-Leste: Timor-Leste Public Transport Project

Project Name
Timor-Leste Public Transport Project
Project Number
Country / Economy
  • Timor-Leste
Project Status
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Timor-Leste Public Transport Project
Source Amount
Ordinary capital resources US$ 40.00 million
Operational Priorities
  • OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
  • OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
  • OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
  • OP4: Making cities more livable
  • OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector
  • Transport / Urban public transport

Effective gender mainstreaming
The proposed Timor-Leste Public Transport Project (TLPTP) will support the Government of Timor-Leste's planned public transport agenda to provide (i) a high-quality, sustainable public transport system that meets the needs of users for safety, comfort, security, convenience, affordability, accessibility, and availability, and (ii) a transparent and stable regulatory environment that encourages ongoing private sector investment and operations. The TLPTP is planned to transform interurban land transport and strengthen the position of Dili, the country's capital city, as the transport hub by integrating bus routes and providing convenient and comfortable bus terminals. The TLPTP will be aligned with the following impact: social equality and national unity promoted by having improved connectivity for all in Timor-Leste. The project will have the following outcome: reliable, resilient, and sustainable public transport services provided and access to public services and economic opportunities improved. The outputs of the project will be (i) climate-resilient and optimized public transport network system developed; (ii) institutional capacity strengthened; and (iii) regulatory framework for low carbon and climate-resilient development strengthened.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
While private sector provides public transport services, the role of the public sector has been defined to licensing, providing basic vehicles, registration of vehicles, and ensuring road safety requirements. Inadequate infrastructure and services have been pointed out as part of the hurdles to broader economic diversification and private sector development in Timor-Leste. The project will help provide adequate public transport infrastructure and enforcement of public transport regulations to support private sector participation in public transport. The project is aligned with Strategy 2030 by contributing to achieving the operational priorities (OP) such as: (i) addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequality (OP1), (ii) accelerating progress in gender equality (OP2), (iii) tackling climate change and disaster resilience and enhancing environmental sustainability (OP3), (iv) making cities more livable (OP4), and (v)governance and institutional capacity (OP6).

Social equality and national unity promoted by having improved connectivity for all in Timor-Leste


Access to various public services and economic opportunities improved by reliable, resilient, and sustainable public transport services to be provided


Safe, comfortable, convenient, affordable, and accessible public transport facilities built

Institutional capacity strengthened

Regulatory framework for low carbon and climate resilient development strengthened

Geographical Location
Dili, Dili

Safeguard Categories

Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
During Project Implementation


Responsible ADB Officer
Mizusawa, Daisuke
Responsible ADB Department
Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division
Transport and Communications Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Council for Administration of the Infrastructure Fund


Concept Clearance
07 Oct 2022
Fact Finding
20 May 2024 to 31 May 2024
30 Aug 2024
Last Review Mission
Last PDS Update
11 Oct 2022


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Source URL: https://www.adb.org/projects/56166-001/main