Project Name Preparing and Implementing Gender-Inclusive Projects in Central and West Asia - Preparing Resilient Livelihoods and Empowerment of Rural Women Project (Subproject 14)
Project Number 54111-010
Country / Economy Tajikistan
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 10081-TAJ: Preparing and Implementing Gender-Inclusive Projects in Central and West Asia - Preparing Resilient Livelihoods and Empowerment of Rural Women Project (Subproject 14)
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Operational Priorities OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Gender equity theme
Description The TA subproject will support the preparation of the project through the conduct of feasibility studies and due diligence reports for the proposed interventions. It will identify targeted support for women in terms of their needs for agricultural inputs and production technologies, processing and value addition tools and equipment, financing, capacity building, and access to support services to address gender-based violence. It will also identify areas for capacity building support on gender mainstreaming, technical, procurement, financial management, and other capacity building needs relevant to the project
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has adversely affected Tajikistan's economy as the 7.5% growth reported in 2019 dropped to 4.5% in 2020. Since 2010, Tajikistan's agriculture sector experienced volatile but strong average growth rates of about 6% each year. It accounts for more than half of the country's total employment and contributed around 22% to the gross domestic product in 2020. About 70% (over 6.5 million) of the Tajik population (9.5 million) live in rural areas where small-scale household farming is the major source of household income. Improving the country's agricultural productivity is critical to advancing overall economic growth, reducing poverty, and improving food security.

Tajikistan's exposure to climate change impacts is one of the highest in Central Asia. Droughts, in combination with heat stress and the increased water demand for key crops, will further reduce agricultural yields. Rural women will be disappropriately affected by climate change impacts as their main source of income and livelihood stems from agriculture activities.

Tajikistan faces high levels of food insecurity. In 2021, about 21% of the total population was food insecure. Undernourishment rates are high (30% in 2017), with a disproportionately high percentage of undernourished women. There is a well-established link between food insecurity, sexual violence, exploitation, abuse, and child marriage. When scarcity over food and water increases, community conflicts tend to rise as well, with women and girls being at much higher risk of violation of their rights. Food insecurity is expected to even further increase because of the limited capacity to respond to climate-induced shocks that will adversely affect agricultural production. Women also often bear the brunt of coping mechanisms in food insecure households, by skipping meals altogether, eating less nutritious food or smaller portions. According to the latest data from the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, 14% of women aged 15-49 years reported that they had been subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former partner within a year in Tajikistan. Between January to September 2022, more than 6,000 cases of domestic abuse were reported to one crisis center in Bokhtar, Khatlon province.

The country's agriculture-based economy is highly dependent on female labor. High rural male outmigration of around 40% has resulted in increased women participation in various facets of agriculture. Two-thirds of women in Tajikistan are engaged in the agriculture sector but many work in precarious conditions as informal agricultural workers.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Viloyati Khatlon
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Rosero, Mary Alice
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Agriculture, Food, Nature, and Rural Development Sector Office (SG-AFNR)
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 23 Dec 2022
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 05 Jan 2023

TA 10081-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Dec 2022 - 23 Dec 2022 30 Nov 2023 31 Mar 2024 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 01 Nov 2023 181,524.06
 
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Source URL: https://www.adb.org/projects/54111-010/main