Kazakhstan: Rural Area Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project

The ageing infrastructure, institutional constraints, and fiscal difficulties in Kazakhstan were limiting the rural communities' access to basic water supply and sanitation services. Existing facilities were often poorly designed, insufficiently maintained, and did not adequately provide urgently needed basic services. It was recognized that the capacity of the sector agencies concerned would need to be developed to implement subprojects and to undertake operations and maintenance of the constructed systems. Before the country's independence, an estimated 80% of all rural villages had piped potable water supply. Due to financial difficulties following the independence, the coverage was officially reported at 40%, although in reality, it might be less with systems that were still working deteriorating rapidly. It was estimated that the average volume of drinking water delivered to the population had been diminishing at the rate of 3%-5% a year due to the continued decline in the condition of the existing infrastructure. In brief, the rural water supply had been particularly badly hit by budget cuts and there was insufficient government investment in the sector.

This report validates the completion report's assessment of the project which aims to improve the living and health conditions in selected poor, rural communities through the provision of basic water supply and sanitation services. IED overall assessment: Less than successful



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