Project Name Integrated Citarum Water Resources Management Investment Program - Project 1
Project Number 37049-023
Country Indonesia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2500-INO: Integrated Citarum Water Resources Management Investment Program - Project 1
Ordinary capital resources US$ 20.00 million
Loan 2501-INO: Integrated Citarum Water Resources Management Investment Program - Project 1
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 30.00 million
TA 7189-INO: Integrated Citarum Water Resources Management Investment Program - Project 1
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Climate Change Fund US$ 2.55 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome

1. West Tarum Canal (WTC) rehabilitation civil works have been completed, therefore water supply to Jakarta and irrigation areas supplied by WTC have been improved.

2. The System Rice Intensification in 3 districts has increased the yields for rice irrigation and improved water use efficiency.

3. Water and catchment management in CRB has been supported by the community and NGO driven initiatives

4. MOEFr sub component for the river basin water quality action plan development has been completed

5. Capacity for IWRM has been improved

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

- Sub Project 2.1 : Rehabilitation of West Tarum Canal has been completed

- Sub-Project 2.6: Detailed Engineering Design for Upgrading of Bandung Water Source and Other Uses by Inter-Basin Transfer was done by the PPTA for Citarum PFR 2

Sub-Project 2.2: Improved Soil and Water Management - Completed

Sub-Project 2.3: Support for Community- and NGO-Driven Initiatives for Improved Water Supply and Sanitation - Completed

Sub-Project 4.1: Development and Implementation of a Basin River Quality Improvement Strategy (RWQIS) and Action Plans- - Completed

Sub-Project 1.1: Roadmap Management (by the Roadmap Coordination Management Unit) - Completed

Sub-Project 8.1: Program Management (by the Program Coordination Management Unit)- Completed

Sub Project 8.2: Independent Monitoring and Evaluation - Completed

Sub component 4.2 : Citarum River Basin Catchment Management and Biodiversity Conservation (GEF Grant) - Completed

Subcomponent A1 (TA 7189-INO): Roadmap Institutional Strengthening

- Completed

Subcomponent B1: Institutional Strengthening for IWRM for 6 Cis River Basin Territory

- Completed

Subcomponent B2: Spatial Planning for 6 Cis River Basin Territory

- Completed

Subcomponent B3 (TA 7189-INO): Development of Key Policies and Strategies for WRM Policy for appropriate water pricing, water sharing and balanced stakeholder participation (focusing on agricultural water use).

- Completed

Subcomponent C1: Upper Citarum Basin Flood Management

- Completed

Sub component D1: Decision Support System for IWRM in Citarum River Basin

- Completed

Sub component E: Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in CRB

- Completed

Geographical Location Citarum River Basin West Java Indonesia

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects

The program area, located on Java Island and covering a total of about 13,000 km2, is a cluster of river basins consisting of: (i) the 6,600 km2 Citarum river basin which straddles the central part of the program area and flows from south to north into the Java Sea; (ii) the 4,400 km2 cluster of small basins whose drainage areas are connected to the Citarum river system through the East Tarum Canal; and (iii) the Cikarang and Bekasi rivers, with a combined drainage area of 2,000 km2 which are also connected with the Citarum river through the West Tarum Canal. Together, these inter-connected river basins make up the Citarum river basin territory (program area). The area is a key rice producer for the country. There are a total of 390,000 ha of irrigated rice paddies, with 240,000 ha served by the Juanda reservoir and canal system in the lower basin. Also within the program area are three large dams that generate a total of 1,400 megawatts, and major industries centered at Bandung and the rapidly urbanizing corridor east of Jakarta (Bekasi-Cikarang). Forest areas in the upper Citarum have declined from 35,000 ha in 1992 to 19,000 ha in 2001. Remaining forests cover only about 10.2% of the program area.

The numerous environmental issues in the CRB result predominantly but not exclusively from the same urbanization and industrialization that is the cause of water supply shortages. Deforestation of the upper catchments cause increased sediment loads, flash floods, landslides, and other water-related disasters. The potential effects of climate change have yet to be quantified. The combination of untreated domestic sewage, solid waste disposal, and industrial effluents has significantly increased pollution loads in the Citarum River system. In the upper basin, river water polluted with domestic and industrial waste from Bandung flows into the Saguling Reservoir. Biological oxygen demand10 at the Saguling Reservoir inlet reaches as high as 130 milligrams per liter (mg/l) during the dry season. In recent years, biological oxygen demand in the Cikapunding River a major tributary of the Saguling River, which flows through Bandung was reported to reach as high as 100 mg/l. Inadequate sanitation and solid waste management are problems in urban, peri-urban, and rural communities. These problems degrade not only the environment but also community health and living standards.

Runoff from hillside farms contributes significant amounts of the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus, which induce eutrophication in the reservoirs. At Saguling, where the problem is most significant, nitrogen loading is estimated at over 33,000 tons per year, and phosphorus loading at 4,370 tons per year. Algal blooms and their subsequent decay regularly cause fish kills, inflicting considerable financial losses to fish farmers. Hydrologic flow regimes have been adversely changed by land degradation, notably the loss of adequate forest cover and the prevalence of hillside farming in upper catchments. The degraded catchments have reduced capacity to capture rainwater, causing high peak flows during the rainy months that carry large amounts of eroded soil. At the entrance to the Saguling Reservoir, the ratio of the volume of wet season high flows to dry season low flows has increased from 3.4 in 1992 to 7.4 in 2003. As a result, landslides and mud flows are frequent during the rainy season. An estimated 25% of the basin now suffers erosion in excess of 60 tons per ha per year, or 3 4 millimeters of soil loss annually.

The CRB is experiencing the shrinkage of natural ecosystem areas, notably forested

areas. Recent West Java reports on the environmental state of the basin show ecological diversity in the CRB, which has 160 plant species, 24 mammals (20 protected, 3 endemic, and 1 scarce), 72 birds (60 protected, 10 endemic, and 2 scarce), 11 protected reptiles, and 2 protected fish. Land-use changes have left only scattered remnants of natural forest habitat. Much of it is in the 240,402 ha of 11 protected forest areas, which are significant for the conservation of biodiversity because they are among the most intact areas of forest remaining on Java. Most of the protected areas were relatively undisturbed when designated. However, in recent times many have suffered serious degradation as a result of encroachment, the illegal removal of non-timber forest products, fires, and illegal logging. All remaining patches of natural vegetation in the CRB, even if secondary, are of the highest conservation significance.

Involuntary Resettlement A resettlement plan has been prepared in 2008 for the rehabilitation of the West Tarum Canal. Other project components, such as land and water management needs in 3 Districts and Support for Community and NGO-drive Initiatives for Water Supply and Sanitation don't have land acquisition and resettlement impact. The Watershed Management and Biodiversity Conservation subproject may result in restrictive use of communities' natural resources. The resettlement plan for the WTC has been updated, and planned to be implemented in Q4 2013.
Indigenous Peoples Citarum River Basin is not located in, or passes through, areas of significant indigenous peoples settlement and/or use. The Investment Program is not anticipated to have significant negative or positive effects on indigenous peoples. A small group of migrants are part of population in the West Tarum Canal area who will be affected by the permanent land acquisition under Project 1 subproject. However, they are not considered identifiable as indigenous peoples.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholders were consulted and participated at various stages of Investment Program preparation (i) formal public consultation workshops to present/discuss assessment of development issues, project identification/prioritization criteria, feasibility study recommendations, and subsequent basin Roadmap development; (ii) focus group discussion with stakeholders in key parts of the basin impacted by the program; and (iii) meetings/interviews with government officials (at national, provincial and district levels), as well as key informants (water utility executives, NGOs, personnel working on related projects in the basin).
During Project Implementation 4 component subprojects have significant participation of beneficiaries, communities will plan, implement and take charge of O&M of water and sanitation facilities, improved water management facilities and environmental improvements works. Villagers in selected Model Conservation Villages adjacent to protected areas will develop and implement village management plans for better management of protected areas during implementation of the Water Management and Biodiversity Conservation project. In addition the Roadmap Coordination Management Unit (RCMU) under the Bappenas is conducting intensive communication campaign to raise awareness in the basin and to engage stakeholders in roadmap activities implementation. This is complemented by workshop to update and refine the roadmap.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

Consulting services for about 138 person-months (138 pm) including 12 pm internation consulting services inputs will be required for sub component 4.1 under Ministry of Environment.

The scope of works are : (i) Improvements to Water Quality Monitoring and Data Management, (ii) Preparation of Area-Based Pollution Sources Management District Action Plans, (iii) Strengthening of Institutional Capacity, (iv) Knowledge Dissemination, and (v) Initial Implementation of Citarum River WQ Improvement Civil Works

Consulting services for about 326 person-months (326 pm) including 10 pm international consulting services inputs will be required for Grant 0216-INO under Ministry of Forestry.

This work culminated in the conceptualization of this sub project that comprises elements for (i) management planning for PAs; (ii) habitat mapping and biodiversity inventory; and (iii) community-based activities for natural resource utilization and conservation. However, it was felt that additional work was required to gather critical baseline data, and to broaden the scope of activities that would be included, in order to create a more robust program for biodiversity conservation that would better complement the baseline activities to be carried out under the ICWRMIP loan. This additional work, carried out under the GEF project preparation grant (PPG), has comprised the following: (i) field surveys of priority conservation areas and adjacent lands; (ii) review of legal, policy, regulatory, and institutional frameworks for biodiversity conservation in the CRB, and identification of potential markets for environmental goods and services; (iii) stakeholder analysis and consultations; (iv) assessment of the potential for development of mechanisms for payment for environmental services (PES); and (v) identification of possible mechanisms that could be used to mainstream biodiversity conservation within the larger framework of IWRM in the CRB

The consultant will be selected using QCBS method, in accordance with the procedures set out in ADB's Guidelines: Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by the Asian Development Bank and its Borrowers, April 2010.

Procurement The procurement of two main construction activity namely Rehabilitation of West Tarum Canal packages is being prepared using ICB post qualification - single stage 2 envelopes methods. Registration of bidders would be applied using semi e-procurement system of Ministry of Public Works.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Lawira, Helena
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Indonesia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Directorate General of Water Resources
Mr.Mochammad Amron
[email protected]
Min.of Public Works, Jl.Pattimura 20, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia
Directorate General of Water Resources, Ministry of Public Works & Housing, Republic of Indonesia
Jl Pattimura No.20, Kebayoran Baru
Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia


Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 28 Mar 2007
Last PDS Update 31 Mar 2017

Grant 0216-INO

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Aug 2010 04 Oct 2010 12 Nov 2010 30 Jun 2014 31 May 2016 30 May 2017
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 0.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 04 Aug 2010 0.00 3.61 96%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 04 Aug 2010 0.00 3.61 96%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

Loan 2500-INO

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
22 Dec 2008 22 Apr 2009 03 Jun 2009 30 Jun 2014 31 May 2016 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 57.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 20.00 22 Dec 2008 17.23 0.00 100%
Counterpart 37.80 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 22 Dec 2008 17.23 0.00 100%

Loan 2501-INO

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
22 Dec 2008 22 Apr 2009 03 Jun 2009 30 Jun 2014 31 May 2016 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 30.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 30.00 22 Dec 2008 0.00 26.33 89%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 22 Dec 2008 0.00 24.62 83%

TA 7189-INO

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Dec 2008 28 Jan 2009 28 Jan 2009 31 Dec 2012 30 Sep 2015 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
3,550,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3,550,000.00 04 Dec 2008 10,836,356.24

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