Project Number 41900-014
Country India
Location Khandke, Bramanvel and Sadawaghapur in the state of Maharashtra
Approval Number 7253/2326
Type or Modality of Assistance
7253/2326 Loan US$ 2,050.00 million Approved
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
Sector / Subsector

Energy - Renewable energy generation - wind

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Responsible ADB Department Private Sector Operations Department
Responsible ADB Division Portfolio Management Division, PSOD
Responsible ADB Officer Karan Gulshan
Project Sponsor(s) The Tata Power Company Limited

The loan is to assist the implementation of the Khandke Wind Power Project, the Bramanvel Wind Power Project and the Sadawaghapur Wind Power Project undertaken by the Tata Power Company Limited (Tata Power).

The Khandke Wind Power Project involves the construction and operation of 50.4 MW of wind power generation facilities (63 units of 800 kilowatts) and a 30 to 132 kilovolt (kV) substation at Khandke village, as well as a 4 km transmission line to the nearest line-in-line-out point on the 132 kV transmission lines of Maharashtra State Electricity Transmission Company Limited.

The Bramanvel Wind Power Project involves the construction and operation of 11.25 MW of wind power generation facilities (9 units of 1,250 kilowatts) and a 30 to 220 kV substation at Bramanvel village, as well as a 35 km transmission line to the nearest 220 kV substation of Maharashtra State Electricity Transmission Company Limited.

The Sadawaghapur Wind Power Project involves the construction and operation of 17.5 MW of wind power generation facilities (14 units of 1,250 kilowatts) and a 30 to 220 kV substation at Sadawaghapur village, as well as a 28 km transmission line to the nearest 220 kV substation of Maharashtra State Electricity Transmission Company Limited.

Objectives and Scope The targetted benefits of the loan include the: (i) addition of 100 MW of power generating capacity to help reduce the supply deficit in India; (ii) development of new renewable energy sources, which will decrease fossil fuel consumption and reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants; (iii) demonstration of the successful implementation of large-scale wind power projects by the private sector; and (iv) facilitation of commercial cofinancing of at least $50 million.
Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The loan is consistent with ADB's CSP for India, which emphasizes infrastructure development, private sector participation, and renewable energy development in the country. Particularly in the power sector, policy dialogue by the South Asia Regional Department has focused on (a) supporting sector reform and restructuring, (b) enhancing energy efficiency and clean energy development, and (iii) promoting balanced physical infrastructure development. The loan is in line with this strategy and dovetails with the efforts including ongoing dialogues with the Government under the public sector operations.

The loan is also consistent with the ADB's energy sector policy. It also forms a part of ADB's clean energy and environment program, which was launched in response to the communique by the Group of 8 Gleneagles Summit in July 2005. ADB's energy sector policy states that ADB will promote the development of renewable energy sources in developing member countries, and that ADB also will assist in implementing such projects, preferably through private sector involvement to ensure their sustainable long-term operations. The clean energy and environment program includes implementation of renewable energy investment opportunities.

Status of Development Objectives The three wind farms have added 79.15 MW of installed capacity. The electricity generated from the wind farms is evacuated through the Maharashtra state transmission network and is primarily distributed by Tata Power in its license area in Maharashtra. The wind farms' total emission reduction during 2007 to 2027 is estimated at 2.1 million tons of carbon dioxide. Commercial co-financing for the wind farm projects was catalyzed and coordinated by ADB. The Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) took on a loan as a co-lender. To catalyze the risk-taking capacity of the market for financing renewable energy projects, ADB introduced unfunded risk participation by a commercial bank.
Material Changes A change in scope was approved on 13 October 2009 to reflect the (i) downsizing of the Bramanvel Wind Power Project to 11.25 MW, (ii) transferring the capacity of 17.5 MW from the Bramanvel Wind Power Project to the Sadagwaghapur Wind Power Project, and (iii) the consequential reduction of the total project cost.

Safeguard Categories

Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects

Except for domestic waste generated by onsite staff, the wind power projects generate no harmful atmospheric emissions, effluent or solid contaminants during operation. Environmental management at the wind power project sites focus on maintaining site cleanliness and sanitation through provision of garbage cans, and proper disposal of garbage and solid and toilet waste. Waste oils (which are expected to accumulate over a long period) and used containers are returned to suppliers for recycling and reuse. There is no noise impact beyond 3 kilometers of the wind turbines. There is no surface water nearby and no groundwater is used to operate the wind power turbines. As there are limited or no environmental (i.e. air, water, noise, ecological and visual) impacts, only regular visual monitoring is undertaken as part of O&M work for the turbines and surrounding areas.

With respect to occupational health and safety monitoring, a Tata Power staff member with engineering qualifications is based at the wind power project sites, and supervises O&M, including the relevant environmental aspects. Workers at sites undergo annual medical checkups. At each wind power project site, a safety system is implemented by the operator with regular supervision by Tata Power. There have been no grid network accidents, large-scale equipment accidents, operating error accidents, fatal accidents or fires during project construction or subsequent O&M.

Involuntary Resettlement The project did not cause physical or economic displacement and did not lead to permanent damage to land improvements and structures. No adverse impact to any individual or community was identified during construction. The nearest community from the project sites is about 2 to 3 kilometers and social issues during operation are unlikely.
Indigenous Peoples Although significant tribal population exists in Maharashtra, the project did not cause any negative impacts on these distinct groups.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation Several consultations were conducted to inform the community and other stakeholders about the project , its impact, and identify and discuss issues in relation to the project. Public consultation was carried out on 15 November 2006 for the Khandke Wind Power Project, on 13 March 2007 for the Bramanvel Wind Power Project and on 18 September 2008 for the Sadawaghapur Wind Power Project.

Timetable for assistance design, processing and implementation

Concept Clearance 15 Dec 2006
Due Diligence 22 Jan 2007
Credit Committee Meeting 06 Mar 2007
Approval 17 Apr 2007
PDS Creation Date 21 Mar 2007
Last PDS Update 29 Sep 2014

This page was generated from on 06 December 2016