Project Name Economics of Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth Strategies in Northeast Asia
Project Number 43421-012
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 7465-REG: Economics of Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth Strategies in Northeast Asia
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Korea International Cooperation Agency US$ 800,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Fishery - Forestry - Water-based natural resources management

Energy - Energy sector development and institutional reform

Health - Health sector development and reform

Public sector management - Public administration

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome

Overall progress in implementation has been achieved, aiming at improved understanding of the economics of climate change and guide policymakers in Northeast Asia to initiate climate change mitigation and adapation actions.

The respective country reports were completed by international and national country teams in Japan, Mongolia, Republic of Korea (ROK), and the People's Republic of China (PRC). The PRC country report was published in Chinese.

Discussions on the economics of climate change in the four countries were held in various fora to improve understanding of the issues and solutions.

The 1st Steering Committee (SC) and the 1st Regional Consultation (RC) meetings were held in March 2010 at Seoul, ROK, while the 2nd SC and the 2nd RC meetings were held from 10-12 October 2010 at Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

The 1st national workshops for the 4 participating countries were also held between March-April 2010 in each of the participating countries. The 2nd national workshops in Mongolia and ROK have been concluded in 13 October and 15 October 2010, respectively in each of the participating countries.

The CPST Brainstorming Meeting was conducted in June 2010 at Bangkok, Thailand. International modelers were invited to present the different climate policy packages.

The national workshop in PRC was held on 19 May 2011. The 3rd Steering Committee meeting was held in Beijing on 18 July 2011, followed by the 3rd Regional Consultation meeting. A senior policy dialogue meeting was conducted on 21 July 2011, also in Beijing.

The 4th SC and 4th RC meetings were conducted from 17-18 October 2011 in Tokyo, Japan.

The preliminary results of the project studies were presented at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) meeting at its Conferences of the Parties 17 (COP17) in Durban, South Africa on 6 December 2011. A brochure showcasing the preliminary findings of the studies under the project was published in time for the COP17 event.

The full study/final report under the TA, incorporating the findings from various sectoral reports, was published and disseminated through an international book launch and knowledge sharing workshops held from 17-23 October 2013 in Bejing, Seoul, Tokyo, and Ulaanbaatar. The final report's findings were presented at the the United Nations Framework Conference on Climate Change (UNFCC) COP-19 (Nineteenth Conference of Parties) in Warsaw, Poland in November 2013.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1: Scoping and Review/Country Reports

1.1 Final reports for Japan (JAP), Republic of Korea (KOR), Mongolia (MON), and the People's Republic of China (PRC) were completed. The PRC country report was published in Chinese.

Output 2: Analysis of Climate Change

2.1 Output 2 consists of four activities: (i) marginal abatement cost (MAC) curve analysis; (ii) assessment and analysis of future climate change impacts on major sectors at the regional level; (iii) regional modeling of climate change by an integrated assessment model; and (iv) cost and benefit analysis of climate change adaptation cases.

2.2 MAC curves: MAC curves are showing what carbon reduction measures save the most money. MACC curves were produced for JAP, KOR, and PRC by Mizuho in conjunction with National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES) of Japan. The MACC curves for KOR and PRC were updated. A MAC curve for MON was prepared for the first time. Country reports were combined into final report. First MAC curve results were presented for the 3rd regional consultation meeting, followed by preliminary results during the 4th regional consultation meeting. The work on MAC curves had been completed and was revised based on comments by ADB staff. The work was peer reviewed and was used for the final study.

2.3 Regional modeling of climate change by an integrated assessment model: The integrated assessment tool used is the Page09 model and ADB staff conducted the analysis. For the 3rd regional consultation meeting, a preliminary version was presented in July 2011. Draft final version was presented at the 4th regional consultation meeting in October 2011. Highlights of analysis were presented at the COP17 meeting in Durban in December 2011. The integrated assessment model, however, took longer to finalize due to added complexities by combing 2 integrated assessment models with the adaptation models (coastal, infrastructure, water, and agriculture. The integrated assessment tool was finalized in October 2012.

2.4 Cost and benefit analysis of climate change adaptation cases: Work has been completed on the cost of adaptation in (i) infrastructure, (ii) health, (iii) agriculture; and (iv) water. The findings were incorporated into the TA's full study. The report on water was completed and published. Initial results of this component were be presented at the 4th regional consultation meeting. Draft final inputs were used for the COP17 presentation in Durban.

Output 3: Climate Policy Simulation Tool (CPST)

A concept note on the CPST was prepared. Instead of developing the project's own tool, the project now seeks to use existing tools and to partner with respective institutions. The CPST should be a web-based application allowing for data simulations under this TA. The output should be used as a model for other ADB climate change studies covering other regions outside of East Asia. The concept was presented at the 3rd regional consultation meeting. Progress of work was discussed at the 4th regional consultation meeting. A climate policy simulation tool (CPST), which is based on data generated for the TA, was rudimentary being developed and a beta-version website was presented at the at the East Asia Climate Partnership Forum in Seoul, Republic of Korea (9 March 2012). The project website is being used to disseminate project findings.

Output 4: Summarized Reporting and Dissemination

4.1 Output 4 consists of (i) inception report (completed March 2010); (ii) interim report (completed 12 May 2011); (iii) draft final report (completed and undergoing editing), (iv) Durban COP17 presentation on preliminary findings (completed); (v) TA final report and summary final report completed, published and disseminated in October 2013 with summary powerpoint presentation of results at different venues, i.e., Beijing, Seoul, Tokyo, and Ulaanbaatar were conducted; (vi) presentation of findings at the UNFCC COP-19 in Warsaw, Poland in November 2013. The final report received a special award in ADB as a knowledge product.

Geographical Location Republic of Korea, Japan, Mongolia and Peoples Republic of China.

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design During TA design, consultations were held with the governments of PRC, JAP, KOR, and MON; academe; private sector; development partners; and peer review conducted within ADB.
During Project Implementation Consultations continue with the governments of PRC, JAP, KOR, and MON; academe; private sector; development partners; and within ADB.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services Combination of consulting services of both individual and firm.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Brommelhorster, Jorn
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Office of the Director General, EARD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines


Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 16 Jul 2010
Last PDS Update 26 Mar 2014

TA 7465-REG

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Dec 2009 - 04 Dec 2009 30 Nov 2011 31 Dec 2013 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 800,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,800,000.00 04 Dec 2009 1,445,353.49

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