Project Name Skills Development for Inclusive Growth
Project Number 47227-001
Country Myanmar
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8634-MYA: Skills Development for Inclusive Growth
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education - Technical and vocational education and training

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome The project (extended through April 2017) is in late-stage implementation, and is expected to achieve the outcome. Based on pilot testing of competency-based modular short courses (CBMSCs) under this TA, the government's National Education Strategic Plan, 2016-21 (NESP), approved on 23 February 2017, includes replication/expansion of CBMSCs as a major strategic component for TVET.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Following delays encountered in recruitment of some of the other positions, the TA built strong momentum, as outlined by output below.

Output 1: Institutional structures and capacities strengthened. The TA supports activities to build the institutional capacity of DTVE, DSITC, other key agencies, and participating training institutions to support pilot testing of CBMSCs, ensure that the pilot test feeds back into broader policy dialogue and reform processes, and provide a stronger base for expansion and replication of models demonstrated to be successful. Progress to date includes the TA's support to formulation of a conceptual framework for competency-based TVET, which has been adopted for inclusion in the draft NESP chapter for TVET. Related support to DTVE, DSITC, and NSSA on development of new TVET quality assurance approaches has also included development and approval of a new Myanmar national skill standard template that will be used for all new and revised skill standards.[[FOOTNOTE: TA support has been closely linked with German and Swiss support. Skill standards identify competencies needed for a trainee or worker to be certified at a specific level. A key challenge in Myanmar has been the lack of skill standards in most skills, while existing standards use inconsistent methodology, structure, and content.]] This represents a key milestone and foundation for TVET in Myanmar, since skill standards form the basis for competency-based curriculum, assessment and certification of trainees and workers, etc. Other examples include the TA's support to DTVE, DSITC, and participating TVET institutions (see output 2) to engage with local industry (particularly in industrial zones near Mandalay), including in the pinpointing skill needs.

Output 2: CBMSC program content developed and delivered. The TA has supported the preparation and pilot testing of CBMSCs via two parallel pilot tests implemented by DTVE and DSITC: (i) the DTVE pilot test covers 3 government technical high schools (in Mandalay, Naypyitaw, and Yangon) and focuses on 4 CBMSCs covering skills related to building and construction; [[FOOTNOTE: The 4 DTVE CBMSCs will focus on (i) basic road construction; (ii) concrete forms; (iii) bar-bending (for concrete reinforcement); and (iv) bricklaying.]] and (ii) the DSITC pilot test covers 2 industrial training centers (in Mandalay and Pakokku) and focuses on 4 (originally 3) CBMSCs spanning skills related to welding and small rural-use machinery repair and maintenance.[[FOOTNOTE: The 4 DSITC CBMSCs will focus on (i) MIG-MAG welding; (ii) arc welding (TIG); (iii) maintenance and repair of farm machinery; and (iv) motorcycle repair.]] The TA has/will also supported capacity building to support development of a broader array of CBMSCs for rollout after TA completion. In terms of progress to date, building on support under output 1 and based on the new Myanmar national skill standard template, output 2 has supported DTVE and DSITC in developing draft skill standards linked to all 8 CBMSCs to be piloted under the TA. These skill standards have been submitted to NSSA for review and potential approval as the new national skill standards for _level 1_ or 2 skills in these skill areas (e.g., _MIG-MAG Welder Level 1_). Based on these skill standards, the TA supported DTVE, and DSITC, and TVET institution faculty in developing curriculum for the 8 CBMSCs, aimed at graduates achieving level 1 or 2 skill certification. Following a series of preparatory TVET teacher training courses (including first aid, fire safety, competency-based training approaches, and curriculum and materials development), teachers participating in the DTVE pilot completed an industrial attachment. This represents a _grassroots innovation_, since many TVET teachers in Myanmar lack any industry experience. Following procurement of equipment and other preparations, CBMSCs have been rolled out in phases, and all 8 are now operating.

Output 3: Evidence disseminated and replication models prepared. Support under output 3 includes (i) monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of both pilot tests; [[FOOTNOTE: This will include limited baseline and endline studies focused on local skill gaps faced by employers, and a small tracer study to assess trainees' ability to find employment.]]; (ii) development of knowledge products and support for multi-stakeholder dialogue and dissemination of findings and policy recommendations; and (iii) analytical and capacity development support to promote post-TA replication of CBMSC models. Output 3 TA has completed design and conduct of the M&E baseline survey, with other activities slated for late in the TA, to support replication. [[FOOTNOTE: This will provide the basis for the final impact evaluation of the pilot, using a difference-in-difference methodology.]]The initial tracer study rounds point to rapid employment after training, with substantial increases in hours worked and income earned per month thanks to ability to find more decent, skilled employment.

Geographical Location

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

As noted above, TA conceptualization emanated directly from the dialogue with MOST, MOI, the Ministry of Education (MOE) and other agencies and development partners under the CESR process. MOST and MOI have identified development and pilot testing of CBMSCs to be a high priority, and have in turn sought ADB support to develop CBMSCs, more broadly strengthen their capacities in areas like responsiveness to employer demands. TA reconnaissance and fact-finding discussions (during 1-3 July and 16-20 September 2013) reached agreement on the TA design, including the impact, outcome, outputs, implementation arrangements, cost estimates and financing arrangements, and consultant terms of reference.

In addition to MOST, MOI, and MOE, TA conceptualization also benefited from dialogue with various agencies, development partners (including the Embassy of Japan and JICA), employer associations, and other organizations under the CESR process, including via a series of TVET _roundtable meetings_.

During Project Implementation

To support implementation and replication, a TA advisory committee is in the process of being established, chaired by MOST and including representation from MOI, NSSA, other relevant agencies, and industry representatives.

The TA also has involved dialogue with employers and communities in areas surrounding the 5 training centers, ranging from engagement of employers (including through technical sector committees) in identifying core skill needs to social mobilization, to social marketing to encourage young women and men (particularly from disadvantaged backgrounds) to enroll in fee-free CBMSCs. Consultations and outreach are in progress, with the most significant engagement to date in Mandalay. Other recent examples include engagement on human capital (including TVET and other dimensions) with CSOs and labor unions via a September 2015 forum organized by the Solidarity Center in Yangon. The TA is now seeking to tap civil society to promote (among other objectives) increased female participation in traditionally male-dominated skill areas and ensure improved workforce outcomes for young women. In addition, dialogue with other development partners supports complementarity with TVET-related support provided by other agencies.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

[Original] It is indicatively estimated that the TA will support 43 person-months of international consultants (4 positions) and 22 person-months of national consultants (1 position) with expertise in relevant types of TVET. International consultants will indicatively be comprised of: (i) Expert on Skills Development; (ii) Expert on Short-Course Training on Building and Construction; (iii) Expert on Short-Course Training on Welding; and (iv) Expert on Short-Course Training on Small Machinery Repair. A national consultant is expected to be recruited to serve as a Skills Development Specialist.

ADB will engage the consultants as individuals in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The TA will also mobilize short-term resource persons to provide specific expertise, as needed for activities such as training-of-trainers and events.

[March 2017 Update] All consultants have been mobilized (some have completed inputs), with no further recruitments foreseen.

Procurement Subject to more detailed planning during TA implementation, the TA is expected to procure a modest amount of equipment required for use in carrying out competency-based modular short-courses (CBMSCs). In all cases, ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time), Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time), and other ADB guidelines will be applied.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Spohr, Christopher A.
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Myanmar Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education
Building No. (13) Ministry of Education
Nay Pyi Taw Myanmar


Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 07 Mar 2017

TA 8634-MYA

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Apr 2014 24 Apr 2014 24 Apr 2014 30 Apr 2016 30 Apr 2017 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 2,000,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,500,000.00 02 Apr 2014 1,622,608.21

This page was generated from on 22 July 2017