The objective of the proposed Project is to improve agricultural performance of poorer communities through sustainable improvements in irrigation, better drainage, watershed protection and flood protection, within a framework of integrated water resource management in the Red River basin. The Project scope has been organized into two parts to address this objective. Part A includes (a) capacity building for the Red River Basin Organization, (b) public awareness and education programs, (c) pilot water licensing systems, (d) water quality monitoring network, and (e) project management support. Part A is expected to receive grant financing from the Government of Netherlands in the amount of approximately $9.5 million. It will address aspects related to integrated water resource management and associated institution-building.
hectares of land improved through irrigation, drainage and/or flood management
households with reduced flood risk
The results data reported above are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. For definitions of results indicators, please see the ADB Results Framework Indicators Definition.
|Project Name||Second Red River Basin Sector Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Water-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The objective of the proposed Project is to improve agricultural performance of poorer communities through sustainable improvements in irrigation, better drainage, watershed protection and flood protection, within a framework of integrated water resource management in the Red River basin. The Project scope has been organized into two parts to address this objective. Part A includes (a) capacity building for the Red River Basin Organization, (b) public awareness and education programs, (c) pilot water licensing systems, (d) water quality monitoring network, and (e) project management support. Part A is expected to receive grant financing from the Government of Netherlands in the amount of approximately $9.5 million. It will address aspects related to integrated water resource management and associated institution-building. Part B includes (a) investment subprojects for the rehabilitation of irrigation, drainage, and flood protection infrastructure, in conjunction with rural development support activities, (b) project implementation support, and (c) research studies. Part B is expected to be loan financed by ADB with parallel loan cofinancing by the Agence Francaise de Development (AFD) for the rehabilitation of flood protection and for the irrigation and drainage subprojects in the delta. It will address the provision of infrastructure improvements and the necessary agricultural support services at community level to optimize the benefits of the water services.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The incidence of poverty in Viet Nam is about 37 per cent, and 80 percent of the poort are farmers, who are not only dependent upon reliable and timely irrigation and drainage services (especially for rice cultivation), but are also the most vulnerable to the consequences of droughts, floods and poor water quality. Poorer farmers typically live at the end of the water distribution system, and their poverty its closely linked to unreliable and insufficient access to water and drainage services. Rehabilitation of irrigation and drainage infrastructure and improvement of water management is therefore a self-targeting poverty intervention.
A new assistance strategy for Viet Nam has been prepared for a second generation of investment projects that focus more on poverty reduction. The new Country Strategy and Program (CSP) has also underlined the importance of improving natural resources management, including water resources and forests. The design of the Project responds to ADB?s poverty reduction strategy and to its policy on water. Poverty reduction and other social development dimensions are more actively pursued as part of the new CSP. In Viet Nam, floods, drought, water pollution, and lack of access to irrigation and drainage services are linked to poverty in a vicious cycle. ADB?s water policy promotes water resources management investments in important river basins, with a holistic focus on watershed protection, water rights, and management infrastructure. The policy also requires investments to improve water services, such as irrigation, to increase the autonomy and accountability of service providers to meet the needs of the poor. Cost recovery, regulatory controls, and public education should work together in promoting sustainable water use in society. The Project was designed to respond to these policy directions, which are fully shared by the Government.
To protect and improve production, productivity and
income of farmers in the Red River Basin
|Description of Outcome||
(i) To improve agricultural performance of poorer communities through sustainable improvements in irrigation, better drainage, watershed protection and flood protection, within an integrated water resource management framework
(ii) To promote stakeholder participation in water management, with emphasis on women's participation
|Progress Toward Outcome||
Project has closed. The Project has not and/or partly achieved many targets of its goal, purpose and outputs:
- The Project reduced impact of water-related natural disasters but failed to establish IWRM.
- 11 of 31 subprojects do not achieve this target.
|Description of Project Outputs||
(i) Upland irrigation systems and watershed protection improved
(iii) Flood protection systems
(iv) Subproject planning, design,
and implementation capacity
established and operating at
(ii) Delta Irrigation and Drainage Systems Improved
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Water Resource Management:
1. Institutional capacity enhanced for basinwide management in the Red River basin:
" RRBO fully functional and financed by Government
" Red River basin framework plan approved by December 2003
" Exchange arrangements established with two other basin organizations
2. Public awareness campaigns conducted on water resource management:
" Mass media program implemented by 2003
" Training material prepared and approved by Ministry of Culture
" Schoolchildren trained in 12 provinces by 2004, and in remaining provinces by 2006
3. Water quality monitoring network established:
" Water quality information used to plan and implement improved water quality programs
4. Pilot implementation undertaken for water rights licenses and wastewater discharge permits:
" Legislation established and information systems operational
" Successful implementation in Cau River basin
5. Project management support: Coordination between parts A and B
Water Service Investment Subprojects:
1. Upland irrigation systems and watershed protection improved:
" 20 subprojects completed and operational by 2007, covering 12,000 ha of rehabilitated irrigation area and 8,000 ha of reforestation
" RDS activities undertaken to increase benefits from irrigation and watershed protection
2. Delta irrigation and drainage systems improved:
" 10 subprojects completed and operational by 2007, covering 80,000 ha of rehabilitated irrigation
" RDS activities undertaken to increase benefits from irrigation and drainage
3. Flood protection systems strengthened:
" 10 subprojects completed by 2007, covering a total area of 1.5 million ha
4. Subproject planning, design, and implementation capacity established and operating at all levels:
" Subprojects prepared and formulated according to guidelines and criteria
" Subprojects completed within budget and schedule
" Measures identified for enhanced autonomy and accountability of water service providers
5. Enhanced capacity of implementing agencies and local authorities to target poverty reduction:
" Field manual prepared by April 2002
" Central and provincial BME units established and operational by 2002
" 200 project implementation and management staff trained
" 400 district-level community organizers trained
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||
1. Consultation meetings are being carried out with stakeholders.
2. Selection of subprojects will be made adopting a consultative approach
with stakeholders in selected provinces.
3. Participating communities will be requested during the social preparation phase to prepare a village-level poverty reduction plan that shows how project activities together with their own initiatives will achieve the objectives of the project.
|During Project Implementation||A participatory and decentralized approach will be introduced in the project.|
The Project will require approximately 1,018 person-months of consulting services, consisting of 366 months of international expertise and 652 months of local expertise. The consultants for Part A will consist of 250 person-months of international expertise and 361person-months of local expertise in water policy and planning, watershed management, gender and development, training, hydrology, information technology, legal and policy aspects of water licensing, information technology, mass media production, education, communication materials, etc. Under Part A, ADB would recruit the consulting services separately for components (a), (c), and (e), while the recruitment of consulting services for components (b) and (d) is delegated to MARD. Recruitment of consultants for component (e) is complete; and proposals for component (a) were submitted to ADB on 7 April 2003 by the shortlisted firms. Recruitment of the other components is expected to be initiated in late 2003.
The consulting services for Part B will consist of 116 months of international expertise and 291 months of domestic expertise in farming systems, agricultural economics, social development, flood protection, institutional development, irrigation, financial management, and human resources development. Advance action for recruitment of consultants was approved by ADB on 5 June 2000. Recruitment of the consultants is underway; technical proposals of shortlisted firms were received by MARD on 24 December 2002.
|Procurement||The civil works contracts under Part B are small and dispersed and are therefore expected not to be of interest to foreign contractors. Civil works contracts estimated to cost US$1,000,000 or less will be procured through local competitive bidding procedures among prequalified firms and organizations acceptable to ADB. Any civil works contracts estimated to cost more than US$1,000,000 equivalent will, however, be procured through international competitive bidding procedures. Equipment to be procured under the Project will consist of water quality monitoring equipment, laboratory equipment, vehicles, computer equipment , software, irrigation and drainage pumps, motors and electrical installations. Equipment packages financed by ADB costing $500,000 and more will be procured through international competitive bidding (ICB). Packages not exceeding $500,000 equivalent will be procured through international shopping, and those costing less than $100,00 through direct purchase. In the case of procurement of irrigation and drainage pumps, motors, and electrical installations for subprojects under Part B, items with similar specifications will be combined into one package for subprojects which are ready for implementation at the same time.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Ellingson, Dennis|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Viet Nam Resident Mission|
Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (MARD)
Mme. Nguyen Thi Tuyet Hoa
3 Ngoc Ha St., Hanoi Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Dr. Nguyen Van Tinh
23 Hang Tre St., Hanoi
|Concept Clearance||08 Mar 1999|
|Fact Finding||14 Feb 2000 to 01 Mar 2000|
|MRM||25 May 2000|
|Approval||14 Jan 2002|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||07 Dec 2006|
|Last PDS Update||11 Mar 2011|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||9.52||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|13 Nov 2001||14 Jan 2002||17 May 2002||30 Jun 2008||30 Jun 2010||14 Feb 2011|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||130.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||70.00||13 Nov 2001||80.68||0.00||98%|
|Cofinancing||30.00||13 Nov 2001||81.98||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Second Red River Basin Sector Project: Summary Guidelines for the Participation of Ethnic Minorities (GPEM) in the Project||Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks||Aug 2004|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Beyond Success: Impacts of ADB-AFD Cofinanced Projects in Viet Nam||Brochures and Flyers||Sep 2014|
|Không Chỉ Là Một Thành Công: Hiệu quả các Dự án do ADB và AFD Đồng Tài trợ tại Việt Nam||Brochures and Flyers||Sep 2014|
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Investing in Irrigation Improves Agricultural Yields in North Viet NamThree irrigation systems developed in Viet Nam’s Red River Delta with assistance from ADB and Agence Française de Développement (AFD) have helped improve the livelihood of farming communities.
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