Philippines : Integrated Coastal Resources Management

Sovereign Project | 33276-013

The long-term goals of the Project are enhanced coastal resources and reduced poverty among municipal fisherfolks. The Project purpose is sustainable management and conservation of coastal resources and increased income for coastal communities.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Leung, Leonard H.
    Southeast Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Philippines
  • Modality
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development

Related Projects

Project Name
Integrated Coastal Resources Management
Project Number
33276-013
Country / Economy
  • Philippines
Project Status
Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Grant
  • Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0071-PHI: Integrated Coastal Resources Management
Source Amount
Global Environment Facility Grant US$ 9.00 million
Loan 2311-PHI: Integrated Coastal Resources Management
Source Amount
Ordinary capital resources US$ 33.80 million
Strategic Agendas
  • Environmentally sustainable growth
  • Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
  • Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
  • Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management

Gender
Effective gender mainstreaming
Description
The long-term goals of the Project are enhanced coastal resources and reduced poverty among municipal fisherfolks. The Project purpose is sustainable management and conservation of coastal resources and increased income for coastal communities.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The coastal and marine resources of the Philippines are of national and global importance because of their rich biodiversity and valuable contribution to the economy. However, these resources are declining and are under threats due to human activities. Coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass and other important coastal habitats are under severe stress with consequential decrease in the production of coastal fisheries. The resource depletion has affected the livelihood of fisherfolks, an overwhelming majority of whom live in poverty.

Since the mid 1980s, the Government has implemented a number of coastal resources management (CRM) programs, mostly as technical assistance from multilateral and bilateral agencies and some as part of major investment and policy initiatives in the sector. Interventions under these programs, notably in marine protected areas, resulted in significant positive impacts on biophysical parameters such as coral cover, fish catch, and biodiversity; promoted good governance practices especially at the local level with the participation of local communities in resource management and law enforcement; and created an awareness among local officials and coastal communities on the need for conservation and protection of coastal ecosystems. Despite these significant gains, threats to the management of coastal resources still persist due to a number of complex factors including lack of an integrated coastal resources management (ICRM) approach to coastal zone planning, policy and institutional weaknesses, weak law enforcement, high poverty incidence among coastal fisherfolks, and open access to marine and coastal resources.Building on the experience of past programs, the proposed Project will assist the Government to adopt a holistic approach to coastal resources management integrating terrestrial and coastal environments, strengthening policy and institutional framework, developing local government capacity, and reducing pressure on coastal resources.

The Project is part of the Country Strategy and Program for Philippines in 2005-2007.

Impact

Enhanced coastal resources

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Sustainable management of coastal resources

Progress Toward Outcome
The project generally completed all its outputs with ecotourism and biodiversity protection activities with substantial potential to achieve outcomes. The institutional capacity building aspect of the outcome based on eco-governance has been achieved and surpassed the target.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Policy environment and legal framework for integrated coastal resources management (ICRM) rationalized, institutional capacities strengthened, and governance improved

ICRM institutionalized and functional at the local levels, and coastal ecosystems and resources in the threatened areas of biodiversity are protected and managed

Alternative and supplementary livelihoods provided

Health and social conditions in the coastal communities improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Participating LGUs prepared and adopted ICRM plans which provide funding for 411 subprojects related to coastal, law enforcement, management of marine protected areas, alternative livelihood

Based on the results of guided self-assessment administered to the participating LGUs, average ecogovernance index was 76.14% by year 4

LGUs scored 90.85% by year 6

The Project provided a total of 13 completed subprojects on flood control systems, potable water systems, wharf, fisherman's federation complex, materials recovery and composting facilities, hospital, slaughter house and visitor information center. A landfill facility was also provided but partially completed at 53.94% completion by loan closing date. A total of 59,326 households in 115 barangays in 12 municipalities benefitting from social and environmental facilities.

Too early to assess

Too early to assess

24,908 ha coral reefs with 5,432 ha of no-take zones managed with the active participation of people's organizations (Year 6)

4,355 ha mangroves managed with active participaton of people's organizations (Year 6)

10,605 ha watershed managed with active participation of people's organizations (Year 6)

Reduced by 20% (Year 6)

267 BFAR-led enterprises established; 55 ecotourism established

All enterprises established are operational.

Of the 12,643 employed, 5,506 or 43% are women

Achieved. Implementation of the enterprises generated employment opportunities to 12,643 people.

Geographical Location
Cagayan, Cebu, Davao Oriental, Masbate, Siquijor, Zambales

Safeguard Categories

Environment
B
Involuntary Resettlement
C
Indigenous Peoples
B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
The project activities are aimed at, among other things, sustainable management of marine and coastal resources and environmental protection, and by design are not expected to create any significant adverse environmental impacts. Potential negative impacts are mainly during construction and will be temporary, minor, and localized in extent and can be mitigated to acceptable levels.
Involuntary Resettlement
The Project will require small plots of land for the construction of social and environmental facilities, which will be obtained through allocation of available unoccupied public land, and purchases in the open market. Any person adversely affected by the access restriction and discipline to aquatic, mangrove, and watershed resources will be compensated in accordance with the Restricted Resource Use Framework.
Indigenous Peoples
Information during appraisal suggests that the Project will not cover or affect any area inhabited by indigenous people. If such groups of people are identified as being significantly affected by the Project in any municipality, an indigenous peoples' development plan (IPDP) will be prepared in accordance with the ADB's indigenous people's policy, and implementation of project activities in these municipalities will be conditional on ADB's approval of the relevant IPDP.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
Stakeholder analysis identified the following stakeholders: coastal communities, fisherfolk, civil societies, municipal and provincial governments, and national government sector agencies.
During Project Implementation
A participatory approach in the collection of baseline data relating to the coastal resources was conducted. Livelihood projects were identified with the inputs of the affected communities.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services
An estimated 369 person-months (pm) of consulting services, comprising about 51 pm international and 318 pm national consultants, will be required to assist the national government agencies, local governments, and local communities in implementing the Project. Consultants will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory for the engagement of domestic consultants.
Procurement
All goods and related services financed under the loan and GEF grant will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement.

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Leung, Leonard H.
Responsible ADB Department
Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division
Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Municipal Dev'l Fund Office-(Implementing Agency)

Timetable

Concept Clearance
29 Aug 2002
Fact Finding
19 Apr 2004 to 25 May 2004
MRM
30 Jun 2004
Approval
23 Jan 2007
Last Review Mission
-
PDS Creation Date
03 Mar 2006
Last PDS Update
30 Mar 2017

Funding

Grant 0071-PHI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Jan 2007 28 Mar 2007 29 Jun 2007 30 Jun 2013 30 Jun 2014 05 Jun 2017
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 9.00
ADB 0.00
Counterpart 0.00
Cofinancing 9.00
Grant Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 17 Jun 2022 0.00 5.83 97%
Cumulative Disbursements 17 Jun 2022 0.00 5.83 97%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Partly satisfactory - - - Satisfactory

Loan 2311-PHI

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Jan 2007 28 Mar 2007 29 Jun 2007 30 Jun 2013 30 Jun 2014 26 May 2017
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 42.51
ADB 33.80
Counterpart 8.71
Cofinancing 0.00
Loan Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 17 Jun 2022 20.65 0.00 100%
Cumulative Disbursements 17 Jun 2022 20.65 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Partly satisfactory - - - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Integrated Coastal Resources Management Project Procurement Plans Feb 2010