China, People's Republic of: Xi'an Urban Transport Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 33459-013 Status: Archived

Project Results



    kilometers of roads built or upgraded



    average daily vehicle-kilometers using roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

The results data reported above are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. For definitions of results indicators, please see the ADB Results Framework Indicators Definition.

Project Details

Project Officer
ADB Disclosure East Asia Department Request for information
  • China, People's Republic of
  • Transport
Project Name Xi'an Urban Transport Project
Project Number 33459-013
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 2024-PRC: Xi'an Urban Transport Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 270.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Transport - Urban roads and traffic management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The principal objective of the Project is to promote economic growth in Xi'an Municipality by relieving transport infrastructure bottlenecks. The Project will develop an efficient, safe, and environmentally sustainable urban transport system, thereby (i) strengthening institutional capacity by improved coordination among municipal government agencies concerned, (ii) improving traffic management and safety, (iii) enhancing vehicle emission control, and (iv) expanding the capacity of urban roads. The Project comprises: (i) construction of a 71 km ring road, including interchanges, toll stations, and bridges, (ii) upgrading and construction of 16 km connector roads, integrating the ring road with the overall urban road network, (iii) urban transport component, including four elements - traffic management and safety, vehicle emission control, urban transport planning, and road maintenance; (iv) procurement of equipment for road maintenance, transport planning model, traffic signals and area traffic control center, vehicle emission inspection, compressed natural gas (CNG) filling stations, toll collection, and surveillance and communications; (v) land acquisition and resettlement, and (vi) consulting services for construction supervision, urban transport component, monitoring and evaluation, and capacity building.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

In the context of rapid economic development, urbanization, and traffic growth, the present urban transport infrastructure and services cannot meet the increasing traffic demand in Xi'an Municipality. The present incomplete road network, low standard of transport infrastructure, low flow capacity at surface intersections, and slow vehicle speed contribute to traffic congestion, traffic accidents, and vehicle emissions. The main causes of urban traffic congestions are (i) inadequate road infrastructure facilities and services; (ii) poor management and maintenance of urban roads; (iii) poor public transport services; and (iv) institutional weakness. The consequent impacts of urban traffic congestion include (i) increased transport costs comprising vehicle operating costs and time, (ii) increasing air pollution due to vehicle emissions that pose serious health threats to urban residents, and (iii) increasing number and severity of road accidents due to poor driving practices, large traffic volumes, and narrow roads.

Consistent with the Xi_an master plan, large investments are programmed for road construction, a subway system, and public transport operations. Clear and realistic priorities need to be set for future urban development. Policy and institutional reforms are needed in urban transport policy and regulations, public transport, traffic management and safety, road maintenance, vehicle emission control, driver education, urban poverty reduction, and private sector development. The master plan gives priority to the construction of the third ring road, which will form the main physical component of the Project. Construction of a ring road and connector roads will provide efficient and safe access within the city, and for inbound and outbound traffic. The Project will address the growing traffic congestion caused by the rapid increase in traffic, inadequate road infrastructure, and poor traffic management. The Project has been designed as a public service project because people in the urban area will all benefit from the Project directly or indirectly through reduced congestion in the urban road network as a whole. The project road users, therefore, will not be directly charged for its use.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Shaanxi Province
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services About 51 person-months of international consulting services will be provided under the Project to (i) help with project management during the construction period; (iii) conduct a safety audit of the project design and completed construction works; (iv) help set up and implement quality control procedures; (v) help develop capacity in road safety and vehicle emissions, and prepare action plans for Xi'an Municipality; (vi) prepare a procedural manual for good management of the Project Company; (vii) assist in formulating a capacity development program; (viii) environmental and resettlement monitoring; and (ix) help establish and implement a project performance management system, including assessing the impact on poverty reduction. About 3,000 person-months of domestic consulting services will be required for construction supervision. The international consultants will be financed from the ADB loan and be recruited based on the quality- and cost-based selection method in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The domestic consultants will be financed by the Project Company, and will be recruited in accordance with government procedures acceptable to ADB.
Procurement Goods and services financed by the ADB loan will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. The main civil works will be divided into 21 packages to be procured under international competitive bidding procedures. On 22 July 2003, ADB approved advance action for procurement of civil works. Equipment will be procured through international competitive bidding or international shopping.
Responsible ADB Officer ADB Disclosure
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Xi'an Municipal Urban & Rural Constrction Commssn
51 Housaimen Street
Xi'an 710003, People's Rep of China
Mr. Wang Dean, Deputy Manager
Concept Clearance 09 Mar 2001
Fact Finding 31 Mar 2003 to 10 Apr 2003
MRM 22 Jul 2003
Approval 27 Nov 2003
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 30 Nov 2006
Last PDS Update 08 Dec 2010

Loan 2024-PRC

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Nov 2003 27 Apr 2004 08 Dec 2004 30 Jun 2008 31 Mar 2010 05 Aug 2010
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 762.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 270.00 27 Nov 2003 240.80 0.00 91%
Counterpart 492.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 27 Nov 2003 264.15 0.00 100%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Xi'an Urban Transport Project Project/Program Completion Reports Dec 2011
Xi'an Urban Transport Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Nov 2003

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Xi'an Urban Transport Development Report Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2010
Xi'an Urban Transport Development Report (November 2008) Social Monitoring Reports Nov 2008
Xi'an Urban Transport Development Report (March 2007) Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2007
Xi'an Urban Transport Development Report (April 2006) Social Monitoring Reports Apr 2006
Xi'an Urban Transport Development Report (December 2005) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2005
Xi'an Urban Transport Development Report (July 2005) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2005
Xi'an Urban Transport Project: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Sep 2003
Xi'an Urban Transport Project Summary Environmental Impact Assessments May 2003

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

Title Document Type Document Date
People’s Republic of China: Xi’an Urban Transport Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Dec 2012

Related Publications

None currently available.

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