The main objective is to spur economic growth and reduce poverty in the southern part of Ningxia. The project will (i) improve economic efficiency, foster trade, and facilitate interregional integration; (ii) supply the missing link to the prioritized Yinchuan-Wuhan western corridor; (iii) spread economic and social benefits poor rural population; and (iv) catalyze economic growth in Ningxia which will, in turn, improve poor people's incomes and eventual well-being.
kilometers of roads built or upgraded
average daily vehicle-kilometers using roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation
The results data reported above are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. For definitions of results indicators, please see the ADB Results Framework Indicators Definition.
|Project Name||Ningxia Roads Development|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The main objective is to spur economic growth and reduce poverty in the southern part of Ningxia. The project will (i) improve economic efficiency, foster trade, and facilitate interregional integration; (ii) supply the missing link to the prioritized Yinchuan-Wuhan western corridor; (iii) spread economic and social benefits poor rural population; and (iv) catalyze economic growth in Ningxia which will, in turn, improve poor people's incomes and eventual well-being. The project comprises (i) constructing a 182-km, four-lane access-controlled toll expressway from Tongxin to Yanchuanzi, including access roads, interchanges with toll stations, tunnels, bridges, administrative stations, and service areas; (ii) the upgrading of 404 km of local roads to improve access to poor, minority areas; (iii) the procurement of equipment for road maintenance, toll collection, surveillance and communications, vehicle weigh stations, road safety, and office administration; (iv) land acquisition and resettlement; and (v) consulting services for construction supervision, safety audits, monitoring and evaluation, and capacity building.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The Government adopted the Western Region Development Strategy, a key theme of the 10th Five-Year Plan (FYP), aiming to reduce disparities between the western and coastal regions. The road sector is given the highest priority as an effective means to promote economic growth and poverty reduction. The project will support the Strategy by supplying the missing link in the vital Yinchuan-Wuhan corridor - one of the eight prioritized western corridors included in 10FYP. The expressway will connect Yinchuan directly with Xi'an and Wuhan and provide a north-south connection between other routies in the national trunk highway system. To this extent, the project is expected to boost economic growth in Ningxia, spur interregional trade and cultural exchange, and reduce poverty in the project area. Consistent with ADB's country operational strategy, the project's approach integrates the construction of the expressway and improvement of the local roads so that the benefits of the expressway are spread over a wider cross-section of local poor communities.Ningxia is one of the least developed inland areas. In 2001, its per capita gross domestic product was about two thirds that of the national average. The region's specialty products, such as potato and mutton, need to be transported to the market promptly to fetch good prices. The total volume of goods traded in Ningxia in the last few years posted double-digit growth rates. Meanwhile, demand from other regions has increased substantially. However, road infrastructure lags too far behind to support Ningxia's economic growth, and in the south of Ningxia there is not a single expressway or class I road. The expansion of economic activities is hampered by poor transport conditions. The development of a road network, particularly in southern Ningxia, is urgently needed to facilitate economic growth, as well as to integrate poor, isolated regions.|
|Impact||Improved transportation linkages and people's living standards in the project area|
|Description of Outcome||A more effective transport system with increased transport capacity and improved access to poor counties in the project area|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The project were well implemented with an overall 100% physical completion. Although the project implementation had been delayed for about three years due to realignment of phase III, The entire project expressway were opened to public traffic at the end of 2011 and the project outcome are generally achieved.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Constructed 182km, four-lane access-controlled, toll expressway from Tongxin to Yanchuanzi, including tunnels and bridges, interchanges and tool stations, and service areas.
2. Upgraded or improved 404 km of local roads serving poor countries and minority areas in Ningxia;
3. Procured equipment for road maintenance and safety, toll collection, surveillance and communication, tunnel ventilation and lighting, vehicle axle road testing, and environmental protection;
4. Provided adequate compensation for the 1,040 hectares of land, trees, and crops that will be acquired for the project, and the relocation of 450 households.
5. Provided consulting services for construction supervision, safety audits, monitoring and evaluation, and capacity building.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Complementary investment from NCD, Ningxia provincial, and local government agencies are sufficient.
Maintenance equipment and facilities for the completed sections of the expressway are operational. Incident response plans to the completed sections are implemented.
156 km expressway (phase I and II) was opened to public by 2007 and phase III was opened to public traffic on 28 November 2011.
18 local roads with a total length of 505 km were completed by 2009.
Total 16,006 mu land were acquired.
Total 659 households were affected by house demolition.
About 36 person-months of consulting services have provided by international consultants to the project.
A total of 10,500 person-months domestic consultants services have been provided to the project.
61 person-months international training have been conducted for staff of the IA and NCD.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The Environmental Management Action Plan (EMAP) has been implemented in a satisfactory manner. Proposed mitigation measures have been undertaken and no significant environmental damages have occurred during construction. The monitoring of environment impact has been conducted regularly. According to the monitoring results, the environmental impact due to implementation of the project was in an acceptable range. Measures taken to mitigate environment impact and to protect environment were effective.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project expressway will affect 18 townships, 72 administrative villages, and 240 village groups in the project area. The local roads component will carry no significant resettlement impact since the upgrading of roads will be done within the existing right-of-way. The expressway will acquire about 1,040 ha of land and around 15,500 people will lose a portion of their land. So far, the total land acquisition for the project was 16,223 mu, 9.76% more than 14,781 mu in the RP. The main reason for this increase was that RP estimates were based on the preliminary design whereas the actual land acquisition followed the detailed design. The households and persons affected by land acquisition increased largely from original estimation of 2,600 households and 12,567 persons into actual 9,480 households and 52,632 persons. This was because those figures in the RP were estimated based on the assumption that on average each affected household would lose one third of their farmland holding.The actual compensation rates for irrigated land and dry land are the same as those in the RP. The actual compensation rates for non-cultivated land were referred to the neighboring cultivated land, i.e. if the land closed to irrigated land, it was paid at the rate for irrigated land, and if closing to dry land, rate for dry land was applied. The actual compensation rates for brick concrete and brick timber houses were the same as those in the RP. And the actual compensation rates for brick-tile-wood and timber tile houses were broken down to reflect real situation of the local areas. In general, there is no difference between the actual compensation and the planned ones for land and houses.|
|Indigenous Peoples||No issue.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Ningxia Communications Department (NCD) undertook socioeconomic surveys and public meetings, which raised the level of awareness, gained local support, and enabled stakeholders to voice opinions and suggestions for project design and implementation. The participatory approach was initiated during project design. The poor and women were carefully considered in the conduct of participatory activities.|
|During Project Implementation||Information about the resettlement program has been disseminated through public media such as newspapers, radio, public notices, and meetings at township and village levels. The resettlement information booklet was distributed to people in all affected villages. The booklet contains sections on resettlement impact, policy, compensation rates, and gievance procedures. During loan review mission every year, the mission had consultation meetings with key stakeholders and selected persons affected by resettlement to ensure key stakeholders better understand the objectives of the project and to take sufficient measures to mitigate negative impacts. The resettlement activities and income restoration of affected persons have been regularlly monitored by external monitoring angency.|
|Consulting Services||The project will provide about 55 person-months of international services under the Loan with expertise in project management, pavement design, tunnel construction, road safety, resettlement and socioeconomic and poverty impact monitoring and evaluation, project performance management system, human resource development, and environmental monitoring. The international consultants will be financed by ADB loan and be recruited based on the quality- and cost- based selection method in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.|
|Procurement||All ADB-financed procurement will follow ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. The civil works for the expressway will be divided into 18 packages to be procured under international competitive bidding procedures (ICB). Equipment will be divided into 11 packages and procured under ICB and international shopping procedures. Ancillary facilities including administration building and service areas under domestic financing will be procured using local competitive bidding. Advance action for procurement of civil works was approved during the MRM on 13 March 2003.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Chu, Chenglong|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Ningxia Communications Department
|Concept Clearance||19 Jun 2001|
|Fact Finding||16 Oct 2002 to 29 Oct 2002|
|MRM||13 Mar 2003|
|Approval||11 Sep 2003|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||30 Nov 2006|
|Last PDS Update||22 Mar 2013|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|11 Sep 2003||29 Mar 2004||12 May 2004||30 Jun 2009||30 Jun 2012||27 Jul 2012|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||498.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||250.00||11 Sep 2003||250.00||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||11 Sep 2003||250.00||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Ningxia Roads Development: Summary of Social and Poverty Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Aug 2004|
|宁夏公路建设 : 项目数据表||Translated PDS||Mar 2013|
|Ningxia Roads Development Project||Project/Program Completion Reports||Jun 2013|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|People’s Republic of China: Ningxia Roads Development Project||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Dec 2014|
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Loan No. 2004-PRC: Ningxia Roads Development Project - Prequalification of Civil Works Contracts A15 - A18 (ICB No. ZTC - Z08G - 001)||Prequalified applicants||Archived||31 Aug 2009|
|Loan No. 2004-PRC: Ningxia Roads Development Project||Prequalified applicants||Archived||31 Jan 2011|
No contracts awarded for this project were found
None currently available.