The Asian Development Bank is working with Cambodia to restore good health to communities and free rural women from the back-breaking work of hauling water. The project is providing access to improved sources of drinking water to nearly half a million people, and access to hygienic household latrines to more than 45,000 rural families in the provinces of Battambang, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Thom, Pursat, and Siem Reap.
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|Project Name||Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural sanitation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Rural water supply services
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The Project will assist the Government in achieving its Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector (RWSS) Investment Plan (2005-2015) targets of increasing the percentage of the rural population with access to safe water to 50%, and sanitation facilities to 30%, in the provinces of Battambang, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Thom, Pursat and Siem Reap. The ultimate goal is to improve the quality of life and health of rural residents of the project areas. The Project will have the following components: (i) community mobilization and skills development, (ii) water supply improvement, (iii) sanitation improvement, and (iv) capacity building and institutional support.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||ADB's overarching goal for Cambodia, as defined in its CSP (2005-2009) is sustainable poverty reduction. The CSP focuses on three strategic pillars: (i) broad-based economic growth, (ii) inclusive social development, and (iii) good governance. The provision of rural water supply and sanitation facilities is highlighted as one means by which inclusive of social devt can be achieved, and the RWSS sector is identified as a sector in which ADB will play a catalytic role. The Project will support the development of RWSS in five provinces around the Tonle Sap Basin and will contribute to the achievement of Cambodian Millennium Development Goals to provide, by 2015, access to safe water to half of the rural population and access to sanitation facilities by 30%.|
|Impact||Improved health and quality of life for rural people in line with the Cambodian Millennium Development Goals (CMDGs) targets for safe water supply and sanitation (WSS).|
|Description of Outcome||Sustained access for all communities and their members, including the poorest, to safe water and sanitation and better hygiene.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
The Project has ended, with satisfactory results.
The outcomes have been largely achieved as 0.58 million people have access to safe water, and 0.23 million people have access to sanitation. More than 4,700 water points and 45,000 household latrines are operational.
The project had a gender action plan and the key indicators for gender mainstreaming in WSS programs were integrated in the M&E system. Guidelines on mainstreaming gender in RWSSH projects were drafted for MRD's consideration in 2009.
The joint development partner/government Technical Working Group for Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (TWG-RWSSH) was established in November 2007. In 2008 TWG-RWSSH initiated the development of National RWSSH Strategy through the development of joint TORs and the recruitment of a consultant team. After a long period of consultation and participatory drafting and re-drafting, the Minister, MRD, signed the final national RWSSH strategy in January 2011.
|Description of Project Outputs||
Component 1: Community mobilization and skills development
Component 2: Water supply improvement
Component 3: Sanitation improvement
Component 4: Capacity building and institutional support
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The project delivered water and/or sanitation facilities in 859 villages (revised target) as end of April 2010. Project information dissemination meetings were organized in every project village with total participants at nearly 920,000 of which half were women. 4,477 hand pumps were installed, with 5,685 O&M management training sessions conducted. 12,273 women Water and Sanitaiton User Group board members participated (43.21% of the 28,402 total trained caretakers). All 5,685 Water and Sanitation User Group (WSUG) boards were trained on their roles and responsibilities and the water supply construction checklist (100% of established WSUGs). The project promoted five main messages: use safe water, stopp open defecation, construct and use improved latrines for a clean environment, wash hands, and care for and maintain the water points.
The 4,450 new water points, 257 rehabilitated wells, 27 community ponds, 5 piped-water supply systems, 1,164 rainwater collection tanks (community procurement), 982 household biosand filters, and 214 iron reduction plants were completed; through these about 580,000 people have access to safe water supply. As a direct result of this community planning process, the participants prioritized new water supply construction and sanitation improvements. It was originally assumed that all existing hand pump wells in target provinces (about 6,200) would be renovated. However, in practice this is complicated and overlaps with other donor agencies' work. Wells are also dispersed over the 5 provinces. Project implementation has thus emphasized critical coverage of water supply in selected villages to achieve better impacts. Rainwater collection tanks and Bio-Sand Filters will be used for household water security. Village selection was completed and District Officers were trained on construction. Initial water testing for all successful wells was carried out through field test kits and laboratory analysis at the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy.
The Project promoted sanitation and hygiene in the project areas. There were five mass campaigns and 5 Provincial Sanitation Forums. There were 1,583 sanitation and hygiene promotion sessions in 859 villages with more than 230,000 participants. The first round of WSUG Handbook introduction courses was conducted for WSUGs in 109 villages, in which the sanitation and hygiene promotion practices were introduced (as per the modified version of PHAST training guidelines of MRD). The public latrines component was cancelled and has been taken up under the Second Rural water Supply & Sanitation Project.
By the end of April 2010, 25 technical trainings were delivered to MRD and PDRD staff.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||During project design, community meetings were held with potential beneficiaries to discuss water supply and sanitation issues, poverty levels, beneficiary contribution and affordability issues, land acquisition and environmental concerns, hygiene practices, and operation and maintenance challenges.|
|During Project Implementation||To ensure ownership and sustainability, communities will be required contribution, where the poorest 20% of households will be exempted from making cash contributions. Contributions from households for the operation and maintenance of water supply systems, and household and public latrines will be required.|
|Consulting Services||An international firm will be engaged by PMU to support project management and implementation. A total of 548 person-months of consulting services (98 international and 450 domestic) will be required with expertise in project management, rural water supply and sanitation design and construction, resettlement, gender, social and community development, environment management, management of community water supply systems, training and capacity building, and monitoring and evaluation. In addition, about 1,440 person-months of services will be required for carrying out the community mobilization and skills development component which will be procured from qualified NGOs, one for each province.|
Equipment and material packages valued at $100,000 equivalent or more may be procured under international shopping or government procedures acceptable to ADB. Civil works estimated to cost $50,000 equivalent or more may be awarded under local competitive bidding. All civil works contracts with total value of $50,000 equivalent or more will require the presence of a project management unit member in the procurement committee for ADB approval.
Civil works contracts estimated to cost $50,000 equivalent or less may be awarded on the basis of local competitive bidding. Civil works contracts for household sanitation estimated at $50,000 equivalent or less can be procured following ADB's Guide on Community Participation in Procurement. First 2 civil works contracts in each province will be subject to ADB approval.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Schelzig, Karin Mara|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Cambodia Resident Mission|
Ministry of Rural Development
Dr. Mao Saray
Prey Sala Village, Sangkat Kakab, Khan Dongkor, Phnom Penh
|Concept Clearance||15 Mar 2005|
|Fact Finding||09 May 2005 to 20 May 2005|
|MRM||22 Jun 2005|
|Approval||20 Oct 2005|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||10 Mar 2006|
|Last PDS Update||22 Mar 2011|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Oct 2005||27 Dec 2005||02 Feb 2006||30 Jun 2012||31 Jul 2010||23 Feb 2011|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||18.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||18.00||20 Oct 2005||17.93||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||20 Oct 2005||17.93||0.00||100%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project||Project/Program Completion Reports||Dec 2011|
|Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector||Project/Program Administration Manual||Feb 2006|
|Grant Agreement for Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project between Kingdom of Cambodia and ADB dated 27 December 2005||Grant Agreement||Dec 2005|
|Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Sep 2005|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Helping Women Through Water and Sanitation in CambodiaAn ADB-supported water and sanitation project in Cambodia has freed rural women from the back-breaking work of hauling water and is restoring good health to communities.
Easing the Burden of Water in Rural CambodiaA community pond in rural Cambodia has made clean water accessible, staving off illness, and allowing women to work and children to attend school.
Cambodia: Rural Water and Sanitation - Can a Gender Action Plan Make a Difference? - 2009Cambodia: Rural Water and Sanitation-can a Gender Action Plan Make a Difference? SEAGEN. October 2009.
Clean Water for Cambodia's Great Lake CommunitiesThe Tonle Sap is the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, but provinces around it have limited access to safe water and sanitation. An ADB project is providing a solution.
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