Bangladesh: Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management

Sovereign Project | 34418-013

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Srivastava, Pushkar
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Bangladesh
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management
Project Number 34418-013
Country Bangladesh
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0036-BAN: Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management
Government of the Netherlands US$ 12.50 million
Loan 2200-BAN: Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management
Asian Development Fund US$ 20.00 million
Grant 0441-BAN: Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing
Government of the Netherlands US$ 7.00 million
Loan 3302-BAN: Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing
Asian Development Fund US$ 45.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description As overall goal, the Project will enhance economic growth and reduce poverty in the concerned FCD/I areas, while providing a model for rejuvenating the poorly performing FCD/I systems that will be replicated throughout the country. The Project objective is to enhance and sustain the productivity of the selected existing FCD/I systems suffering from low performance and high incidence of poverty, with its scope comprising (i) preparing participatory integrated water management plans (IWMPs) ($0.9 million); (ii) establishing productive and sustainable water management systems through IWMP implementation comprising (a) WMA formation and strengthening with participatory preparation of program implementation plans ($1.5 million), (b) water management infrastructure ($25.3 million), (c) support services for developing agriculture, fishery, and livelihood enhancement of the poor ($3.7 million), and (d) support for establishing sustainable O&M mechanisms ($3.3 million); and (iii) strengthening institutions (including policy and institutional framework and organizational capacities) for effective provision of services to achieve this ends and project management ($7.9 million).
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Water fundamentally affects rural livelihoods in Bangladesh, with the country's major regional river systems bringing about massive annual floods, severe dry-season water scarcity, and periodic natural disasters. Its effective management is critical to address pervasive rural poverty problems. Yet the task is complicated due to fairly diverse and complex stakeholder interests and vulnerable natural ecosystems. It is thus paramount to plan, develop, and manage water resources in a strategic and integrated manner with mobilization and empowerment of diverse stakeholders. While the country has established a large number of FCD/I infrastructures, their performance remains suboptimal, due to lack of effective management systems that can meet diverse stakeholder needs in particular the vulnerable poor, and most critically, providing sufficient O&M. Within the country, Southwest areas face the most acute problems, due to the reduced dry-season inflow and associated social and environmental hardships including salinity intrusion, along with annual monsoon flooding.

In recent years, the Government has progressively improved policy, institutional, and planning framework for the water sector, with the coordinated support of external financiers including ADB. The National Water Policy (NWP) 1999 adopted key principles including integrated water resource management (IWRM) and sustainable service delivery and O&M with progressive transfer of facility management to WMAs. This is being followed by ongoing institutional reforms of sector agencies for better governance, and the recent adoption of the National Water Management Plan (NWMP) in 2004 that provides a sector strategy and priority programs with a long-term perspective. Key challenge now is to transform these initiatives into genuine sector operations.

Within this framework, enhancing and sustaining performance of existing FCD/I systems has been accorded high priority, given their need to strengthen flood resistance and their scope for generating high impacts with short lead time with relatively low costs. On this account, ADB has played lead roles in supporting the initiative for small-scale schemes, being implemented with increasingly better performance. The Project is needed to develop and institutionalize effective mechanisms to be applied to larger FCD/I schemes building on the good practice and lessons learned, to support the process of participatory and holistic planning, inclusive WMA development, infrastructure and support services to meet critical local development needs, and sustainable O&M. Successful implementation of the Project will demonstrate the way to fully operating key NWP principles in FCD/I systems, with further improved governance of the sector institutions.

ADB's country strategy and program (CSP) for Bangladesh was prepared in 2005 following the Government's Povety Reduction Strategy Paper. Given the high incidence of rural poverty, the CSP prioritizes investments in agriculture commercialization, rural infrastructure, and rural water management. The strategy for the water sector is to institutionalize integrated planning, development, and management with sustained O&M, while providing support for critical infrastructure where high growth and poverty impacts are expected. The programs build on good practices and lessons, and promote further improved institutional framework in harmony with development partners. All are consistent with ADB?s water policy.

Impact Enhanced economic growth and reduced poverty in rural areas of the selected subregions in the southwest areas
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Enhanced productivity and sustainability of existing FCD/I systems
Progress Toward Outcome Cropping Intensity increased to 227% and annual rice production increased to 2.83 MT/ha, while annual fish production increased to 2,886 tons. Increase of income will be assessed after interim impact evaluation.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

WMOs capacity for sustainable water resources planning and management in the subproject areas strengthened

Infrastructure facilities of FCDI schemes in the subproject areas restored

Institutional capacity for sustainable participatory integrated water resources planning and management

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output-1: Participatory integrated water management plans (IWMPs), 14 subunit implementation plans (SIPs), 89 out of 102 water management groups (WMGs) with Joint management committees (JMCs) and operation and maintenance (O&M) fund collection and spend targets, were formed under Phase-1 of the project. Under additional financing, 4 additional IWMPs and 23 additional SIPs have been completed . The IWMPs are (i) Bamonkhali-Barnali, (ii) Purulia-Charbhatpara and (iii) Arol Beel. The fourth IWMP of Sunamukhi-Banmander is replaced with feasibility study of Tungipara and Kotalipara, which has been completed and approved by Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB). The total number of SIPs, including those of Phase-1, are 37. The target of formatiion of WMGs was increased from 150 to 267 after detail study, all of which have been formed and 192 WMGs have been registered. Thus the total number of WMGs including Phase-1 is 369. In WMGs, 88,170 members have enrolled against target of 115,134 (=76.5%). Total number of households in the area is 164,481. 49% of WMG members are females, 36% of exeutive committee (EC) members are females and 33% of subcommittee members are females. Agriculture and fisheries programs have progressed 84% and 27%, respectively, against DPP provision. Female participation in collective action is 41%. No additional O&M transfer agreements have been signed with water management organizations (WMOs). Manuals have been drafted for O&M and for labor contracting society (LCS).

Output-2: Under Phase-1, FCDI infrastructure in Narail and Chenchuri Beel subproject areas were improved. Under additional financing, rehabilitation works are in progress in 9 implementation schemes with physical completion of 68% as of April 2021. However, to use the loan savings, additional rehabilitation works are planned.

Output-3: Under Phase-1, management information system (MIS) including WMO- database was deployed, but not yet operational. The data is being populated. BWDB already prepare an MIS named SIMS smart' consisting O&M Module, infrastructure inventory, progress monitoring, hydrology module and some other necessary features. As of now the progress monitoring in being implemented. The other module will implement phase by phase. As targeted, the MOU between BWDB and LGED was signed during Phase-1. On 2-Jan-2018, the MOU was also signed at a national level. Under additional financing, MIS will be developed and put in use by March 2022. For strengthening OCWM, a committee setup by the BWDB and MOWR has carried out a need based assessment and proposed a staffing plan, which has been approved by GOB. For annual auditing of WMGs, BWDB through Directorate of Audit (DOA) has conducted audits in 87 WMGs under Phase-1. The sex-disaggregated WMO database published in the project website.

Geographical Location Faridpur District, Gopalganj District, Jessore District, Magura District, Narail District, Rajbari District
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination (IEE) was prepared to cover nine subprojects to be implemented under the additional financing in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Considering the nature of the project and the location, the project activities are not expected to generate any significant adverse environment impact that is irreversible, long term, or cumulative. The subproject areas are not located within or close to any protected areas or ecologically important areas. The subproject areas are not environmentally sensitive. Potential environmental impacts will occur mainly during construction, such as dust and sediment pollution of water, and are temporary and reversible. Mitigation measures have been incorporated into the environmental management and monitoring plan. The potential environmental impacts related to the operation of structures are not expected to be significant, because the project will renovate existing structures, except 1.5 kilometers (km) of a new embankment that is replacing a breached portion of an existing embankment system. Stakeholders to be affected have been consulted.
Involuntary Resettlement The rehabilitation and construction works will be located within the right-of-way of existing structures or in locations where no land acquisition is involved, except the new 1.5 km embankment. It requires 2.74 ha of land acquisition consisting of 49 plots. This land acquisition will affect 55 households, of which 45 households comprising 183 people will lose 10% or more of their productive land. No structure will be affected, and no household will be physically displaced. The resettlement plan for the new embankment was prepared in accordance with the government's laws and regulations and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Precise locations of the rehabilitation of existing structures, including re-sectioning of existing embankments will be determined during the implementation of the additional financing through the beneficiary participatory planning. The locations will be selected to avoid involuntary resettlement but there remains a possibility that involuntary resettlement will be unavoidable. As a prudent measure, a resettlement framework was prepared, in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement, should any involuntary resettlement issue arise.
Indigenous Peoples There are no indigenous peoples as defined for operational purposes by ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement in the project area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations with local communities were held with a focus on women, the landless, and other vulnerable groups in the subproject areas. Relevant government agencies were also consulted.
During Project Implementation The entire project is designed for participatory water resources planning and management. Consultations will be held with a focus on women, the landless, and other vulnerable groups in the subproject areas regarding (i) livelihood issues, including agriculture and fisheries; (ii) formation of WMOs; (iii) possible solutions to resolve the constraints identified; and (iv) institutional mechanisms to address those constraints. Water users will participate in the project for formation of WMOs, water resources planning, operation and maintenance of infrastructure, and minor civil works. They will also receive capacity development and livelihood support training. The executing agency will also work with close coordination and collaboration with relevant government agencies, such as the Department of Agriculture Extension and Department of Fisheries.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The consulting services have been selected and engaged through a firm in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for engaging domestic consultants through quality- and cost-based selection procedures. A total of 72 person-months of international and 532 person-months of domestic consulting services are required: (i) water resource development specialist (team leader); (ii) water resources engineer (deputy team leader), (iii) participatory water management specialists, (iv) integrated water resources planners, (v) institutional advisors, (vi) hydrologist, (vii) river engineer (morphology), (viii) design engineer, (ix) agriculture and extension spec, (x) fishery development specialist, (xi) agriculture economist, (xii) gender and poverty specialist, (xiii) environmental specialists, (xiv) resettlement specialist, (xv) quality controll specialist (water management associations, (xvi) quality control specialist (infrastructure), (xvii) O& M specialist, and (xviii) financial management advisor. In consideration of the non-engineering complexity and the need for early fielding, the consultants were selected by ADB and engaged by the government.

In addition, the Project will require the services of private service providers including NGOs and firms to carry out (i) participatory rural appraisals for IWMP preparation and socio economic surveys, (ii) mobilization of subproject stakeholder groups for WMAs, (iii) preparation of SIPs, (iv) survey, design, and supervision of civil works, (v) refinement and implementation of resettlement plans, (vi) delivery of various support services, and (vii) monitoring and evaluation. Technically qualified providers have been engaged, using selection procedures acceptable to ADB.

Expression of Interests submitted to ADB and the Government on15 December 2005.

Procurement Goods and related services, and civil works are being procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. The civil works are being procured in accordance with LCB procedures acceptable to ADB, typically those specified in the Public Procurement Regulations.
Responsible ADB Officer Srivastava, Pushkar
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Bangladesh Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Bangladesh Water Development Board
Mr. Ziaur Rahman
[email protected]
BWDB
Timetable
Concept Clearance 08 Mar 2003
Fact Finding 10 Mar 2005 to 23 Mar 2005
MRM 18 May 2005
Approval 23 Nov 2005
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 24 Jan 2006
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2021

Grant 0036-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Nov 2005 11 May 2006 23 Aug 2006 31 Dec 2013 31 Dec 2015 05 Jan 2016
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 12.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 19 Oct 2021 0.00 12.25 98%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 12.50 19 Oct 2021 0.00 12.25 98%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Partly satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Grant 0441-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Sep 2015 13 Dec 2015 06 Jan 2016 31 Dec 2022 31 Dec 2023 -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 7.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 19 Oct 2021 0.00 5.52 79%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 7.00 19 Oct 2021 0.00 4.22 60%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Partly satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 2200-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Nov 2005 10 May 2006 23 Aug 2006 31 Dec 2013 31 Dec 2015 31 Dec 2015
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 30.90 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 20.00 19 Oct 2021 20.38 0.00 100%
Counterpart 10.90 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 19 Oct 2021 20.38 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Partly satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 3302-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Sep 2015 13 Dec 2015 06 Jan 2016 31 Dec 2022 31 Dec 2023 -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 56.70 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 45.00 19 Oct 2021 34.22 0.00 76%
Counterpart 11.70 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 19 Oct 2021 27.75 0.00 61%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Partly satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Title Document Type Document Date
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Audited Project Financial Statements (1 July 2016-30 June 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Mar 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2015-June 2016) Audited Project Financial Statements Nov 2016
Project Agreement for Grant 0441 and Loan 3302 Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing Project/Program Agreements Dec 2015
Grant Agreement (Externally Financed) for Grant 0441 Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing Grant Agreement Dec 2015
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Loan 3302 Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Dec 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management - Additional Financing: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Sep 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management - Additional Financing: Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Sep 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management - Additional Financing: Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Sep 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project Procurement Plans Jun 2013
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Loan Inception Report Documents Produced Under Grant/Loans/TA Jul 2007
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project Project/Program Administration Manual Jun 2007
Project Agreement for Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project between Asian Development Bank and Bangladesh Water Development Board Project/Program Agreements Mar 2006
Loan Agreement for Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project between People's Republic of Bangladesh and ADB Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Mar 2006
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project Reports and Recommendations of the President Oct 2005

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2018
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2016
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2016
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management - Chenchuri Beel and Narail Subprojects: Final Social Safeguards Monitoring Report Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Final Environmental Monitoring Report Environmental Monitoring Reports Aug 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2015) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2015) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project (Additional Financing): Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project (Additional Financing): Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project (Additional Financing): Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Jun 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-December 2014) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2014
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (September 2014) Environmental Monitoring Reports Sep 2014
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (September 2012) Environmental Monitoring Reports Sep 2012
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Chenchuri Beel Sub-project Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2012
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (December 2011) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2011
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (December 2010) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2010
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Land Resettlement Plan (Chenchuri Beel, Narail) Resettlement Plans Mar 2008
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project Summary Environmental Impact Assessments Jul 2005
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Environmental Assessment and Measures Jun 2005
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Resettlement Framework (Chenchuri Beel and Narail Subproject) Resettlement Plans Jun 2005
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Resettlement Plan (Narail Subproject) Resettlement Plans Jun 2005
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project: Resettlement Plan (Chenchuri Beel Subproject) Resettlement Plans Jun 2005

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.



The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Consulting Services for Development of a Participatory Project Management Information System (PPMIS) Firm - Consulting Closed 05 Sep 2021 20 Sep 2021

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found