Bangladesh: Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing

Sovereign Project | 34418-023

The Asian Development Bank is helping Bangladesh improve the management of water resources in the southwest of the country. The project supports flood control, drainage and irrigation system upgrades to address current water use problems that are hampering agriculture and fisheries. The additional finance will be used to expand project activities into more geographical areas in the southwest.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Srivastava, Pushkar
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Bangladesh
  • Modality
    • Grant
    • Loan
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing
Project Number 34418-023
Country Bangladesh
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0441-BAN: Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing
Government of the Netherlands US$ 7.00 million
Loan 3302-BAN: Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 45.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural production - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The additional financing will expand the success of the current project to nearby geographical areas in the southwest of the country, aiming at enhancing the livelihood of the rural population by improving the productivity and sustainability of existing underperforming flood control, drainage, and irrigation (FCDI) schemes. It will address constraints on agriculture, fisheries, and livelihood development through holistic and participatory planning, development, and management of water and delivery of support services.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Water affects various aspects of the livelihoods of the rural population in Bangladesh. The country is on a vast floodplain at the confluence of three major rivers, and has faced significant physical challenges including monsoon floods, changes in river courses due to erosion and sedimentation, water scarcity in the dry season, cyclones, and widespread arsenic contamination of groundwater. The productivity of agriculture, fisheries, and associated nonfarm industries is susceptible to these water-related issues. More than 80% of poor people in Bangladesh live in rural areas and depend on agriculture or fisheries for their livelihoods. Despite a fall in the share in the gross domestic product to 17% in FY2013, agriculture in Bangladesh remains the largest employer, providing jobs for 48% of the population. Access to and effective management of water is essential to improved productivity and livelihoods for rural poor people. Water management is complicated by diverse interests among different water uses including for agriculture, fisheries, navigation, industries, and drinking water.

Chronic infrastructure deterioration of existing FCDI schemes, especially large-scale schemes, has impaired water management. The absence of stakeholder participation causes a lack of user ownership, which is followed by rapid deterioration of structures, inefficient and irrelevant planning, and inefficient water use. Managing critical water resources through an integrated and participatory approach is essential for efficient water management; the sustainability of FCDI schemes; and improved livelihood of vulnerable poor people, including women.

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has provided finance for participatory water management projects for small-scale schemes since 1995. The schemes have demonstrated success in improved infrastructure performance through beneficiary participation. To extend integrated and participatory water management to large-scale FCDI schemes, in 2005 ADB approved a $20 million equivalent loan for the current Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project. The project also received $12.5 million of cofinancing from the Government of the Netherlands. The project supports the establishment of participatory water management organizations (WMOs) with the inclusion of socially disadvantaged groups; integrated water resources management planning; infrastructure renovation; and coordinated support services for WMOs in the two pilot subprojects, comprising the Narail and Chenchuri Beel FCDI schemes with a total area of 57,000 hectares (ha).

The current project successfully demonstrated that the participatory approach can improve the water resources management of large FCDI schemes. Renovation of water management infrastructure and improved capacity of WMOs in the two targeted subproject areas has been completed with satisfactory achievement of anticipated targets. In total, 116 WMOs, consisting of 102 water management groups (WMGs) and 14 higher-tier water management associations (WMAs), have been organized and trained and are effectively functioning in the two subproject areas. Capacity enhancement activities for WMOs are demonstrating visible proactive WMO activities in agriculture, fisheries, livestock, and collective livelihood actions. Operation and maintenance (O&M) of small structures have been handed over to WMOs, after development of O&M manuals and WMO O&M capacity.

The additional financing will replicate the successful Southwest project in nine additional subprojects with a total area of 84,000 ha in nearby areas. Through additional experiences by applying knowledge and experience acquired from the Southwest project, BWDBs institutional capacity for participatory water resources management is expected to be enrooted. Based on the lessons learned through the successor project, the design of the institutional strengthening component will be further strengthened by establishment of a national capacity enhancement support mechanism under BWDB to ensure sustainability of participatory water resource management by WMOs.

The project is in line with government and ADB strategies. Economic growth and poverty reduction are the main objectives of the governments Sixth Five-Year Plan, FY2011-FY2015. Achieving food security is considered essential to accomplishing these objectives. Food security and agricultural productivity are also part of ADBs strategic priorities for 2014-2020 in the action plan of the Midterm Review of Strategy 2020.

Impact Enhanced economic growth and reduced poverty in rural areas of the selected districts in the southwest area (Sixth Five-Year Plan, FY2011-FY2015)
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Enhanced productivity and sustainability of the selected existing FCDI systems
Progress Toward Outcome Progress against the outcome performance indicators are a. Cropping Intensity increased to 227%b. Annual rice production increased to 2.83 MT/ha, as per DAE & ISPMC c. Annual fish production increased to 2886.49 ton in 2020 as per DoF & ISPMC,(39 % incremental production from 2013)d. Increase of income can be assess after interim impact evaluation (under process by ISPMC).
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Output 1:

WMOs'' capacity for sustainable water resources planning and management in the subproject areas strengthened

Output 2:

Infrastructure facilities of FCDI schemes in the subproject areas are restored

Output 3:

Institutional capacity for sustainable participatory integrated water resources planning and management strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Progress against the output performance indicators are 1a.Participatory IWMPs have been formulated in all selected schemes1b.All 14 SIPs have been prepared in phase -1.1c. Actually 87 out of 102 WMGs remain active1d. JMCs have been established in NSP and CSP. O&M fund collection target was Tk 3.76 million with achievement of Tk 5.25 million. O&M spend was Tk 18.7 lac1e. Two additional IWMP studies have been completed and approved (Bamonkhali-Barnali and Purulia-Charbhatpara). IWMP study of Arol Beel is in progress. The IWMP study of Sunamukhi-Banmander is also in progress. Due to COVID-19, progress hampered considerably. IWMP of Tungipara & Kotalipara has been completed and approved by BWDB. A request for funding of implementation in the form of Preliminary Development Project Proposal (PDPP) has been submitted to MoWR to send to ADB through ERD.1f. 23 additional SIPs have been completed and endorsement by WMA's are in progress.1g. 75,826 members have enrolled against target of 115,134 (=66%). 50% of WMG members are females. 36% of EC members are females and 33% of subcommittee members are females.1h. WMO establishment progress is 75%. Target increased to 274 WMGs, of which 208 have been formed and 105 have been registered. Agriculture and fisheries programs have progressed 38% and 13%, respectively, against DPP provision. Female participation in collective action is 41%1i. No additional O&M transfer agreements have been signed with WMOs. Manuals have been drafted for O&M and for LCS.2a. Infrastructure facilities of FCDI schemes have been restored.2b. Rehabilitation works are in progress in 9 implementation schemes. Amount tendered is Tk 185 crore (=93% of project target). Physical completion is 59%.3a. TOR for MIS/ WMO-Database has been prepared. Contract award for actual elaboration/ installation/ maintenance of MIS awaits approval of ADB (since December 2018)3b. BWDB already prepare an MIS named SIMS smart' consisting O&M Module, infrastructure inventory, progress monitoring, hydrology module and some other necessary features. As of now the progress monitoring in being implemented. The other module will implement phase by phase.3c. MOU between BWDB and LGED has not been signed for the current project.3d. Various lease agreements have been signed but were later revoked in Phase-1. 3e. MIS development is pending (ADB approval)3f. Proposal for strengthening OCWM and DoA has been prepared, but status is pending (AM 2&3)3g. BWDB/ OCWM has conducted audits in 78 WMG's under Phase-1.3h. Same as for MIS. TOR has been prepared but development/ implementation awaits approval of ADB.
Geographical Location Faridpur, Gopalganj, Magura, Rajbari
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination was prepared to cover nine subprojects to be implemented under the additional financing in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Considering the nature of the project and the location, the project activities are not expected to generate any significant adverse environment impact that is irreversible, long term, or cumulative. The subproject areas are not located within or close to any protected areas or ecologically important areas. The subproject areas are not environmentally sensitive. Potential environmental impacts will occur mainly during construction, such as dust and sediment pollution of water, and are temporary and reversible. Mitigation measures have been incorporated into the environmental management and monitoring plan. The potential environmental impacts related to the operation of structures are not expected to be significant, because the project will renovate existing structures, except 1.5 kilometers (km) of a new embankment that is replacing a breached portion of an existing embankment system. Stakeholders to be affected have been consulted.
Involuntary Resettlement The rehabilitation and construction works will be located within the right-of-way of existing structures or in locations where no land acquisition is involved, except the new 1.5 km embankment. It requires 2.74 ha of land acquisition consisting of 49 plots. This land acquisition will affect 55 households, of which 45 households comprising 183 people will lose 10% or more of their productive land. No structure will be affected, and no household will be physically displaced. The resettlement plan for the new embankment was prepared in accordance with the government's laws and regulations and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement. Precise locations of the rehabilitationof existing existing structures, including resectioning of existing embankements will be determined during the implementation of the additional financing through the beneficiary participatory planning. The locations will be selected to avoid involuntary resettlement but there remains a possibility that involuntary resettlement will be unavoidable. As a prudent measure, a resettlement framework was prepared, in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement, should any involuntary resettlement issue arise.
Indigenous Peoples There are no indigenous peoples as defined for operational purposes by ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement in the project area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations with local communities were held with a focus on women, the landless, and other vulnerable groups in the subproject areas. Relevant government agencies were also consulted.
During Project Implementation The entire project is designed for participatory water resources planning and management. Consultations will be held with a focus on women, the landless, and other vulnerable groups in the subproject areas regarding (i) livelihood issues, including agriculture and fisheries; (ii) formation of WMOs; (iii) possible solutions to resolve the constraints identified; and (iv) institutional mechanisms to address those constraints. Water users will participate in the project for formation of WMOs, water resources planning, operation and maintenance of infrastructure, and minor civil works. They will also receive capacity development and livelihood support training. The executing agency will also work with close coordination and collaboration with relevant government agencies, such as the Department of Agriculture Extension and Department of Fisheries.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consulting services will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants.
Procurement All consulting services will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines.
Responsible ADB Officer Srivastava, Pushkar
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Bangladesh Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Bangladesh Water Development Board
3 DIT Extension Avenue
Hoque Chamber, Motijheel Commercial Area
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 25 Mar 2015 to 07 Apr 2015
MRM 25 Jun 2015
Approval 30 Sep 2015
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 29 Sep 2020

Grant 0441-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Sep 2015 13 Dec 2015 06 Jan 2016 31 Dec 2022 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 7.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 30 Sep 2015 0.00 5.18 74%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 7.00 30 Sep 2015 0.00 3.43 49%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - - - - Satisfactory

Loan 3302-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Sep 2015 13 Dec 2015 06 Jan 2016 31 Dec 2022 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 56.70 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 45.00 30 Sep 2015 27.18 0.00 59%
Counterpart 11.70 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 30 Sep 2015 21.66 0.00 47%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - - - - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2019-June 2020) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2020
Amendment to the Project Agreement for Loan 3138-BAN and Grant 0396-BAN: Flood and Riverbank Erosion Risk Management Investment Program - Project 1 Project/Program Agreements Dec 2020
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2018-June 2019) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2019
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2017-June 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2018
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Audited Project Financial Statements (1 July 2016-30 June 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Dec 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Mar 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Audited Project Financial Statements (July 2015-June 2016) Audited Project Financial Statements Nov 2016
Grant Agreement (Externally Financed) for Grant 0441 Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing Grant Agreement Dec 2015
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Loan 3302 Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Dec 2015
Project Agreement for Grant 0441 and Loan 3302 Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing Project/Program Agreements Dec 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management - Additional Financing: Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Sep 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management - Additional Financing: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Sep 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management - Additional Financing: Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Sep 2015

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2021) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2021
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2021) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2021
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project – Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2020) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2020
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project – Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2020) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2020
Southwest Area Integrated Water ResourcesPlanning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Aug 2020
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project – Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2020) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2020
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project – Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2020) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2020
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2019
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2019
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2019
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2019) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2019
Southwest Area Integrated Water ResourcesPlanning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Dec 2018
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project – Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2018
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project – Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2018
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project – Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2018
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2018
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2018
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Dec 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2017
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2016
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project - Additional Financing: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2016) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2016
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project (Additional Financing): Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Jun 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project (Additional Financing): Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2015
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Planning and Management Project (Additional Financing): Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2015

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.


Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Institutional Strengthening and Project Management Consultant Loan 3302 14 Jun 2017 JV of Haskoningdhv NBV and Devcon Ltd. | Laan Van 1914, No. 35, Amersfoort, Netherlands Bangladesh Water Development Board 10,037,246.00 4,906,559.00