The Project supports the Government's program to promote sustainable and community-managed freshwater, brackishwater and marine aquaculture development to reduce poverty and increase the food supply among poor fish-farming communities. It focuses on the development of small-scale and low-cost aquaculture production systems that are economically sound and environment friendly, and that can be easily replicated by fish farmers organizations and small- to medium-scale private entrepreneurs. The Project will provide technical and extension support to fish farmers in order to ensure successful project implementation. Such support includes innovative mechanisms to assist organized fish farmer groups with securing production inputs and marketing their final product.
|Project Name||Sustainable Aquaculture Development for Food Security and Poverty Reduction|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Fishery
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
The Project supports the Government's program to promote sustainable and community-managed freshwater, brackishwater and marine aquaculture development to reduce poverty and increase the food supply among poor fish-farming communities. It focuses on the development of small-scale and low-cost aquaculture production systems that are economically sound and environment friendly, and that can be easily replicated by fish farmers organizations and small- to medium-scale private entrepreneurs. The Project will provide technical and extension support to fish farmers in order to ensure successful project implementation. Such support includes innovative mechanisms to assist organized fish farmer groups with securing production inputs and marketing their final product. The Project builds the capacity of the Directorate General of Aquaculture (DGA) and the participating district governments to formulate policies and regulations for sustainable aquaculture development and environmental management, and to support the needs of the beneficiaries, their communities, and the country's aquaculture industry as a whole.
The Project is implemented in five districts in four provinces: namely: (i) Langkat in North Sumatera Province, (ii) Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI) in South Sumatera Province, (iii) Karawang and Sumedang in West Java Province, and (iv) Buton in Southeast Sulawesi Province.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Aquaculture has been playing an increasingly significant role in Indonesia's economy providing household food security, generating valuable foreign exchange and domestic revenues, boosting international trade in fish and aquatic products, and improving the living standards of poor rural communities in Indonesia. It has been accepted as a viable alternative livelihood for fisherfolks engaged in open sea fishing and can help reduce pressure on marine and coastal resources including the depleting fish stock, degrading fish habitats and declining marine biodiversity.
However, the subsector is confronted with numerous problems that need to be addressed urgently. These problems include (i) low growth and productivity resulting from poor fish-farming systems and lack of good quality fish and shrimp seed; (ii) environmental degradation and pollution resulting from poor fishfarm management and technology; (iii) lack and inaccessibility of credit for poor or small-scale fish farmers; (iv) high costs of imported production inputs; (v) lack of social preparation, inefficient extension services, and post-production facilities and marketing infrastructure; and (vi) user conflicts in open water areas among fish farmers and other users. All these problems have been acting as deterrents to aquaculture by small-scale fish farmers.
|Impact||Reduced poverty and increased food security in five rural districts|
|Description of Outcome||Increased fish production through sustainable aquaculture development|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Satisfactory. Will be confirmed at PCR.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Component1: Aquaculture Production Enhancement
Communities organized and empowered; social infrastructure and facilities improved; fish production in freshwater, brackishwater and mariculture enhanced through rehabilitation and establishment of community-based aquaculture systems
Component 2: Aquaculture Support Services
Production techniques and quality of aquaculture products improved through strengthened extension services and improved post-harvest handling, processing and marketing
Component 3: Institutional Strengthening and Project Management
Capacity of national and district level institutions, including private sector institutions, in aquaculture development and management strengthened; and establishment and operation of project management office and units supported
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
At project closure on 31 December 2013, the following were achieved:
There were 14,585 communities organized and participated in community-managed aquaculture enterprises (104%). 3,277 ha of brachiswater ponds or tambak improved (80%) and 533 units mariculture cages established and managed (178%). The Project established 107 brackishwater aquaculture and 69 mariculture demonstration units (117%), 582 ha of seaweed culture facilities (116%), 76 demonstration units (76%), 31 hatcheries, and 166 units of water supply facilities (111%). 233 ha of fish ponds improved (518%) and 38km km access roads were improved as well (63%).
Extension workers provided production techniques and improved quality aquaculture products to 1,022 community groups including 139 women groups. 14,196 project beneficiaries received production input assistance.
Value of shrimps and fishes, except grouper and seaweeds, by 27%. Sales of cultured fish increased by 5.6%.
222 PMO and PIU staff trained on procurement, financial management and other topics (493%). 72 extension officers provided with training and transport equipment (103%). PMO and PIUs were established in early 2007. They were adequately staffed and equipped to meet project requirements. 29 guidelines prepared by PMC distributed to PMO and PIUs.
|Geographical Location||Kabupaten Buton, Kabupaten Karawang, Kabupaten Langkat, Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir, Kabupaten Sumedang|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||The Project requires consulting services for a total of 672 person-months, comprising 56 international and 616 national person-months for Project Management Consultant (PMC). The consultants were recruited through a firm and selected following the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. The PMC was mobilized in April 2008 and will end in October 2013.|
|Procurement||Goods and services financed partly or wholly by ADB procures in accordance with the ADB's Procurement Guidelines. Contract packages for goods exceeding $500,000 is awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding (ICB). Each contract costing between $100,000 and $500,000 is awarded through national competitive bidding (NCB). Minor equipment and materials costing less than $100,000 will be procured through shopping. Civil works contract packages exceeding $1,000,000 is awarded on the basis of ICB. Contract packages between $100,000 and $500,000 is awarded on the basis of NCB. Small scale civil works contracts with an average value of $10,000-$25,000 equivalent will follow procurement procedures for community participation in procurement as contained in ADB's Procurement Guidelines.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Pantja Putih Wardani|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Indonesia Resident Mission|
Directorate General for Aquaculture
Mr. Made L. Nurdjana
Jl. Harsono RM No. 3, Ragunan, Pasar Minggu, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia
|Concept Clearance||07 Aug 2002|
|Fact Finding||28 Jun 2004 to 21 Jul 2004|
|MRM||19 Aug 2004|
|Approval||12 Dec 2006|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||03 Mar 2006|
|Last PDS Update||29 Sep 2014|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|12 Dec 2006||15 Mar 2007||13 Jul 2007||31 Dec 2013||-||15 Dec 2014|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||44.52||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||33.30||12 Dec 2006||30.84||0.00||98%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||12 Dec 2006||31.60||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Sustainable Aquaculture Development for Food Security and Poverty Reduction Project||Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks||Oct 2005|
|Sustainable Aquaculture Development for Food Security and Poverty Reduction Project||Resettlement Plans||Oct 2005|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Indonesia: Sustainable Aquaculture Development for Food Security and Poverty Reduction Project||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Nov 2015|
None currently available.
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