China, People's Republic of: Fuzhou Environmental Improvement Project
The Project seeks to improve the urban environment of Fuzhou through the construction and rehabilitation of sewer networks, rehabilitation of inland river system, and the strengthening of urban governance in water resource management. Specifically, the Project will (i) construct about 210 km of sewers that will improve the urban environment for 1.85 million urban residents; and (ii) improve the water quality to achieve targeted standards in the inland rivers and Min River that would support the integrated approach in water resources management.
East Asia Department
Request for information
China, People's Republic of
- Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Project Name||Fuzhou Environmental Improvement Project|
|Country / Economy||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The Project seeks to improve the urban environment of Fuzhou through the construction and rehabilitation of sewer networks, rehabilitation of inland river system, and the strengthening of urban governance in water resource management. Specifically, the Project will (i) construct about 210 km of sewers that will improve the urban environment for 1.85 million urban residents; and (ii) improve the water quality to achieve targeted standards in the inland rivers and Min River that would support the integrated approach in water resources management.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Wastewater management in the PRC provides numerous opportunities to reduce water pollution, protect water resources, promote sustainable economic development, promote public-private partnerships in urban infrastructure, and improve the living conditions and public health of urban residents, including the poor. The Government needs assistance to achieve the Millennium Development Goals for environmental sustainability, and to half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015.
Over the past decade, the Government has shifted fundamentally towards a market-based approach, enterprise provision in the delivery of infrastructure services, and a more integrated approach to urban management. The PRC policies incorporate the need for complementary reforms to support investment, particularly from the private sector, in urban infrastructure. Improvements in service delivery through investment in wastewater systems are increasingly being matched by financial, governance, and enterprise reform; public education; awareness; and social responsibility. Although much progress has been made, the Government believes the pace of change needs to be accelerated. Investment in wastewater management systems is still urgently needed. Moreover, the socioeconomic surveys demonstrate that the general public is becoming increasingly concerned about the impact of wastewater pollution, and are willing to pay for wastewater treatment and envirohmental improvement.
|Impact||Improved environment and quality of life for the urban residents of Fuzhou.|
|Description of Outcome||Reduced environmental contamination in the Fuzhou urban area and strengthened capacity in water resource and wastewater management.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Actual physical completion date of the loan: 30 June 2012 and actual closure of loan account: 19 October 2012.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Completion of sewer network system
2. Rehabilitation of selected inland creeks
3. Land acquisition and resettlement
4. Introduction of effective operating regime
5. Strengthened institutional capacity
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1. (a) all ten civil works and three equipment contracts were awarded; (b) no land acquisition and resettlement impacts; (c) all physical works were completed by 31 December 2011.
(a) all nine civil works and three equipment contracts were awarded; (b) rights-of-way for about 15 km sewer lines are ongoing; (c) physical progress is 96%; and (d) all outstanding works will be carried out by domestic funding.
2. Construction has been delayed due to the significant problems involved in resettlement. (a) all six civil works and two equipment contracts were awarded; (b) land acquisition and resettlement activities have been substantially delayed and are still ongoing; (c) physical progress is 58% - 100% for Puxia river, 40% for Longjin river, 56% for Yuejin river, and 28% for Lianban and Linpu rivers; and (d) Fuzhou Urban Visual Construction Development Company (FUVCDC)will carry out construction works for the four rivers to the maximum extent until the loan closing and undertake the remaining works under domestic funding.
3. Resettlement activities have been substantially delayed due to the complaints filed for compliance review panel.
Total affected persons under the 5 rivers that will be financed under the loan is now 3,548.
Resettlement activities have been substantially delayed due to the complaints filed for compliance review panel.
Total affected households under the 5 rivers that will be financed under the loan is now 799.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
It is categorized as "A". The project wil improve the urban environment, aquatic environment of inland creeks, and public health and safety of Fuzhou. The Project will target substantial improvements in (i) Fuzhou's wastewater management, including collection and treatment; (ii) water quality of inland creeks of Nantai Island; and (iii) the protection of water quality in the Min River, the source of drinking water for Fuzhou. The summary EIA was circulated to the ADB Board on 7 July 2004. The Project will have an overwhelmingly positive environmental impact, and any environmental risks during construction will be mitigated.
Latest Environmental Monitoring Report submitted August 2011. Semi-Annual Environmental Report submitted November 2011.
The Project will acquire permanently 74.81 hectares (ha) of land, of which 31% is farmland, primarily for the rehabilitation of the inland creeks on Nantai Island. The Project also will require the temporary acquisition of 8.17 ha. Further, 1,148 households (or 5,045 people)
will be relocated, and about 197,230 m2 of houses will be demolished. The Project also will affect 75 enterprises and 13 shops, with a total 2,795 employees. Some 231,501 m2 of industrial and commercial space, houses, and buildings will be dismantled. The Project will relocate
10,020 m2 of public houses and/or buildings, such as a market building, clinic, school, and buildings for village administration and public use. The Project will not adversely affect any indigenous people or ethnic minorities. The preliminary cost estimate for the land acquisition
and resettlement (LAR) program is $46.36 million, with the Nantai Island Inland Creek component accounting for about 96% of the cost. The Fuzhou Municipal Land Development Center (FMLDC) will assist FUVCDC in carrying out the LAR for two inland creeks on Nantai Island. Resettlement impacts have been identified, and resettlement plans (RPs) prepared in accordance with PRC Land Administration Law and ADB's Policy on Involuntary Resettlement. The RPs provide a socioeconomic profile of affected persons (APs) and the scope of impacts, and addresses entitlements of APs to compensation, legal framework, public consultations, grievance procedures, environmental protection, rehabilitation, and budget and implementation milestones.
FMG has establish a project resettlement office to continue public information activities and respond to any questions or grievances. FMG ensured that all APs are compensated and resettled in a timely and adequate manner in accordance with the RP. FMG will prepare a resettlement completion report. FMG (as the Executing Agency) and FWECDC and FUVCDC (as the implementing agencies) will engage an
independent agency for semiannual monitoring and annual evaluation of LAR the soonest.
Due diligence report on the acquired land and resettlement for the new site for Pumpng Station No. 1 submitted. Finalized resettlement plan and due diligence for the Lianban WWTP submitted. Updated RPs for Lianban and Linpu Rivers were endorsed by Fuzhou Municipal Government and disclosed to the affected persons.
|Indigenous Peoples||The Project will not adversely affect any indigenous people or ethnic minorities. All project affected persons will be compensated in accordance with resettlement plans.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Social surveys and community consultation were part of PPTA.|
|During Project Implementation||Stakeholder consultation is an ongoing process throughout project implementation|
|Consulting Services||About 30 person-months (pm) of international and 120 pm of domestic consulting services is proposed to support the PMO and the IAs in project implementation and capacity building to be funded under the loan. Consulting services will include (i) project management; (ii) efficient operating procedures; (iii) preventive maintenance; (iv) financial management; (v) social, resettlement and environmental monitoring; (vi) business planning and management information system development; (vii) human resource development; and (viii) corporate governance. The consultants will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB for the engagement of domestic consultants. International consulting firms will be selected in accordance with the quality-and-cost-based selection method.|
|Procurement||ADB-financed goods and services will be procured in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Equipment packages valued more than $500,000 will be undertaken through ADB's international competitive bidding (ICB) procedures, and equipment packages valued $500,000 or less will be procured following ADB's procedures for international shopping (IS). Civil works packages estimated to cost $5 million or less will be carried out under local competitive bidding (LCB) procedures acceptable to ADB, in accordance with the PRC'sTendering and Bidding Law and procurement regulations.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||An, Gyongshim|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Fuzhou Municipal Government
Mr. Zhongde Lin
No. 21 Douxi Road, Fuzhou FJ, China
|Concept Clearance||19 Jun 2001|
|Fact Finding||15 Apr 2004 to 30 Apr 2004|
|MRM||27 Jul 2004|
|Approval||29 Jul 2005|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||29 Nov 2006|
|Last PDS Update||26 Mar 2013|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|29 Jul 2005||23 Feb 2006||14 Sep 2006||30 Jun 2010||30 Jun 2012||19 Oct 2012|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||158.31||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||55.80||04 Feb 2022||50.19||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||04 Feb 2022||50.19||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Lessons Learned from Compliance Reviews at the Asian Development Bank (2004–2020): Fuzhou Environmental Improvement Project in the People’s Republic of China||Brochures and Flyers||Feb 2021|
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
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