The Project aims to reduce poverty, contribute to economic growth, increase employment, and promote the conservation of the natural and cultural heritage. The specific objective of the Project is to promote sustainable tourism in the lower Mekong basin through infrastructure improvements, community and private sector participation, and sub-regional cooperation. The Project will comprise four parts: Part A, tourism-related infrastructure improvements; Part B, pro-poor, community-based tourism development; Part C, sub-regional cooperation for sustainable tourism; and Part D, implementation assistance and institutional strengthening.
|Project Name||GMS: Mekong Tourism Development Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Industry and trade / Trade and services
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The Project aims to reduce poverty, contribute to economic growth, increase employment, and promote the conservation of the natural and cultural heritage. The specific objective of the Project is to promote sustainable tourism in the lower Mekong basin through infrastructure improvements, community and private sector participation, and sub-regional cooperation. The Project will comprise four parts: Part A, tourism-related infrastructure improvements; Part B, pro-poor, community-based tourism development; Part C, sub-regional cooperation for sustainable tourism; and Part D, implementation assistance and institutional strengthening.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The GMS is the fastest growing tourism destination in the world. This is bringing in much-needed foreign exchange, creating jobs, and contributing to economic growth. However, growth in tourism is constrained by difficulties in access, the lack of investment in tourist infrastructure, the absence of new products to attract visitors, and weaknesses in policy and institutional capacities. The GMS countries have a strong comparative advantage in tourism, demonstrated by the high growth rates, but need to exploit it more effectively to use it as an instrument of poverty reduction, and broad-based economic growth.
GMS Economic Cooperation Program
GMS Program Strategic Framework
(i) To increase foreign exchange earnings from tourism in the three Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS)
participating countries; (ii) To reduce poverty through increased and economic growth and employment
opportunities; (iii) To promote the conservation of natural and cultural heritage
|Description of Outcome||To promote sustainable tourism development in the lower basin of the Mekong River through infrastructure improvements, increased community and private sector participation, and subregional cooperation|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Outcome is likely to be achieved.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
A.1. Urban environmental improvement
A.2. Small airports extension and rehabilitation
A.3. Access road improvement
A.4. River tourism piers development
B. Pro-poor, community based tourism development including:
1. Community participation in tourism development
2. Community awareness of tourism benefits and environmental and cultural conservation
3. Pro-poor tourism products identification
4. Small-scale tourism community-related infrastructure
5. Capacity building for tourism-related local microenterprises and communities
6. Gender development strategy
7. Ethnic minority participation strategy
8. Marketing and promotion plan
9. Community-based tourism networks
10. Project performance monitoring system
C. Subregional cooperation for sustainable tourism
1. GMS facility for tourism cooperation
2. Improvement of tourism facilities at border posts
3. Establishment of a GMS network of tourism marketing and promotion boards
4. GMS hotel classification system
5. GMS tourism plan
6. GMS tourism statistics improvement and harmonization
7. Diversification of AMTA human resources
8. GMS tourism human resource development
D. Implementation assistance and institutional strengthening
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||The project is physically completed. The Original project outputs have been or will be achieved.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The Project is classified as environment category B. Several of the proposed infrastructure subprojects (i.e., waste treatment, boat jetty, and road rehabilitation) may have some negative environmental impacts arising from construction and operation. However, the potential negative impacts can be mitigated to acceptable levels through appropriate design and implementation of mitigation measures included in the subprojects in line with ADB's environmental requirements and those applicable at the national and provincial levels in each GMSPCs.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||A social impact assessment identified subprojects that would involve land acquisition and resettlement.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Participatory community consultations and consultations with NGOs, civil society, private sector operators, government tourism agencies, and regional tourism agencies have been held. The community-based participatory consultations have helped to identify the social and economic needs of the communities, their views, related to project interventions, expected benefits, modalites for community participation and participation of women and youth in tourism-related skills building and employment opportunities. As a result, the project design reflects the strategies for building partnerships with (i) poor rural communities (particularly ethnic minorities) NGOs, and civil society, and (ii) government agencies involved in tourism developmepnt, agriculture, and forestry.|
|During Project Implementation||The Project will promote private sector participation in market research, planning, and tourism marketing and promotion through initial support for the establishment of tourism marketing and promotion board (TMPB). TMPB will have leadership from the private sector and will mainly be financed from contributions from the private sector. TMPB will promote dialogue between the private and public sectors, expand opportunities for coordination in the development of plans, strategies, legislation, and marketing; and increase the efficiency and international cmopetitiveness of the tourism sector in Viet Nam and in the subregion. The Project will also promote the establishment of micro and small tourist enterprises in rural areas, through the pro-poor community-based component. Capacity building for communiteis and small entrepreneurs involved in the tourism industry, will be provided under the Project.|
|Consulting Services||To support the implementation of the Project, a total of 169 person-months of consulting services (63 person-months international and 106 person-months domestic) will be required. The Consultants will be engaged in accordance with the ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to ADB on the engagement of domestic consultants. Separate consulting services packages will be rocured to provide assistance to the PCUs in the NTOs, and the PMUs in charge of infrastructure improvements. The consultants for PMUs will be firms and will focus on Part A. The consultants for the PCUs will be firms and will focus on overall project management and part C of the Project. Individual consultants will be engaged for Part B and will be recruited by PCU. Consulting firms will be selected and engaged following the quality and cost-based selection method. Consultants will provide on-the-job training to national and provincial govenrment officials involveed in implementation.|
|Procurement||Goods and works to be financed by ADB will be procured in accordance with ADB Guidelines for Procurement. International competitive bidding (ICB) procedure will be used for major civil works contracts estimated to cost over $1.0 million and supply contracts valued over $500,000. Procurement of minor civil works will be undertaken through local competitive bidding (LCB) in accordance with procedures acceptable to the ADB. International shopping (IS) will be followed for materials and equipment packages estimated to cost more than $100,000 equivalent but less than $500,000 equivalent. Equipment items that are locally available, and cost less than $100,000 equivalent, may be procured through direct purchase in accordance with procedures satisfactory to ADB. For the pro-poor, community-based tourism component, where the proposed subprojects will be relatively small, and scattered throughout the provinces, the Project may fund NGOs to work in a collaborative and participatory manner with local communities.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Hoang Nhat Do|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Viet Nam Resident Mission|
Provincial People's Committee of An Giang
Le Minh Hung
An Giang, Viet Nam Provincial People's Committee of Tien Giang
Le Van Huong
Tien Giang, Viet Nam Vietnam National Adminstration of Tourism
Mr. Ngoi Van Tran
VNAT, 80 Quan Su St., Hanoi
|Concept Clearance||08 Mar 2001|
|Fact Finding||09 Mar 2001 to 22 Mar 2001|
|MRM||26 Aug 2002|
|Approval||12 Dec 2002|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||01 Dec 2006|
|Last PDS Update||22 Mar 2011|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|12 Dec 2002||25 Mar 2003||25 Sep 2003||30 Jun 2008||30 Jun 2010||18 Apr 2011|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||12.20||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||8.50||12 Dec 2002||7.92||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||12 Dec 2002||7.92||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Greater Mekong Subregion Mekong Tourism Development Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Nov 2002|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Greater Mekong Subregion: Mekong Tourism Development Project (Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and Viet Nam)||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Dec 2013|
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Tourism Boom Fuels Business Opportunities in Mekong SubregionADB has helped turn former war-torn Greater Mekong Subregion countries of Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam into a booming tourist destination.
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