36222-013: Community-Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development | Asian Development Bank

Afghanistan: Community-Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development

Sovereign (Public) Project | 36222-013 Status: Closed

The impact of the project is improved agricultural productivity in four target provinces in Northern Afghanistan, and the outcome is farming communities in the target provinces are better served with irrigation infrastructure. This will be achieved by rehabilitating at least 100 traditional small-scale irrigation systems at an estimated civil works cost of $40,000 per system. Improvement of traditional irrigation is a high priority in Afghanistan because of its key importance for community-based agricultural production, which is key to community livelihoods and poverty reduction. The project will be implemented through a community contracting system which will: (i) allow rural populations to manage the implementation of projects in their areas and increase local economic opportunities; and (ii) create a sense of ownership and timely completion as procurement will be done locally with the maximum involvement of local communities.

Project Details

Project Officer
Ayubi, Mohammad Hanif Central and West Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Afghanistan
Modality
  • Grant
 
Project Name Community-Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development
Project Number 36222-013
Country Afghanistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9165-AFG: Community-Based Irrigation Rehabilitation and Development
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 10.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources / Irrigation

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The impact of the project is improved agricultural productivity in four target provinces in Northern Afghanistan, and the outcome is farming communities in the target provinces are better served with irrigation infrastructure. This will be achieved by rehabilitating at least 100 traditional small-scale irrigation systems at an estimated civil works cost of $40,000 per system. Improvement of traditional irrigation is a high priority in Afghanistan because of its key importance for community-based agricultural production, which is key to community livelihoods and poverty reduction. The project will be implemented through a community contracting system which will: (i) allow rural populations to manage the implementation of projects in their areas and increase local economic opportunities; and (ii) create a sense of ownership and timely completion as procurement will be done locally with the maximum involvement of local communities. Women's participation will be facilitated through a gender action plan (GAP), which will include lessons learnt from earlier projects. The GAP will be prepared in the first 3 months of the project. The project will be implemented over 48 months in four provinces: Ghor, Balkh, Samangan, and Baghlan.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Afghanistan is a poor rural country and according to the latest National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) rural households accounted for 80% of the total population and rural poverty accounted for 84% of the poverty nationwide (NRVA 2007/08). The national poverty rate is 36%; however there is significant regional variation with poverty levels exceeding 57% in some provinces. Agriculture is an important sector to Afghanistan as 36% of all households rely on farming with another 6% depending upon farm wages as their main source of income. Agriculture is based upon irrigation, but after decades of conflict, much of the irrigation infrastructure is in a serious state of disrepair. Most irrigation works in Afghanistan are either small- or medium-scale irrigation structures that are developed and managed by communities. Rehabilitating these systems and ensuring more efficient supply of water will enhance community agriculture from a status of intermittent to more intensive irrigation. This will result in significant benefits to local communities and to the agriculture sector.

Irrigated agriculture is a crucial investment to improve livelihoods and stability in Afghanistan. Including women in development programs is also important since they provide much of the farm labor. Developing their skills and knowledge will improve agricultural productivity and will empower women so that they are more visible in community matters. In addition to developing their capacity, women will benefit from improved irrigation as increased availability of irrigation water will decrease the time they spend fetching water, watering the fields, and providing water for livestock. This will have a significant impact on reducing women's time poverty.

Impact Increased agricultural productivity in four target provinces
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Farming communities in four target provinces better served by irrigation infrastructure
Progress Toward Outcome The project was physically closed in October 2016 while the final liquidation under the project was made recently, which will facilitate financial closure of the project. The project is strongly expected to be closed in April, 2017 financially. 151 civil works contracts through community participation have been awarded (revised target is 138) with total 151 sub-projects completed. As per the Baseline and Endline survey analysis, the total irrigated area to which the sufficient water is provided is increased by 9%.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Rehabilitated and improved irrigation infrastructure operational

Communities effectively manage the irrigation systems

Project management, monitoring and evaluation, and capacity development

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

The project was physically closed in October 2016, while it is strongly expected that the project will be closed financially in April and the refund of the outstanding and unutilized amounts will be made to ADB. This project was one of the successful projects of ANR sector that closed beyond its original completion date achieving more than its original target, by re-building 151 irrigation structures. The original target was to rehabilitate 138 small irrigation structures in northern Afghanistan.

During the project implementation, 735 CDC members (including 133 women) from 146 CDCs received training in (i) Agricultural management, (ii) Watershed Management and Conservation, (iii) Program Management (financial, accounting, general project management), (iv) Construction project and Quality Control, and (v) Conflict Management. Overall, 133 women from 146 CDCs participated in the training program in Samangan, Baghlan,Ghor and Balkh Provinces.

151 sub-projects through this grant were completed and handed over to the communities.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project have rehabilitated 151 small-scale traditional irrigation schemes more than the revised target of 138 subprojects. The project will focus on existing systems and will not establish new irrigation schemes. A set of criteria are established to assess sub-project feasibility. Potential sub-projects that have negative environmental impacts will be excluded from the project. Category B is the highest environmental category of the sub-projects under the Grant Assistance. Category A for Environment projects will be screened out of financing. An EARF has been prepared. Subprojects under the Grant Assistance will be identified by consultation with local communities. In case of Category B subprojects, IEEs adn EMPs will be prepared and submitted to ADB for review.
Involuntary Resettlement No involuntary resettlement in the program area. Sub-projects that have potential for involuntary land acquisition and resettlement will be excluded from the project.
Indigenous Peoples No impacts on indigenous people in the program area. Sub-projects that have potential for indigenous peoples impact will be excluded from the project.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The project concept was developed based on discussions with various stakeholders in Afghanistan, including the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development, the Embassy of Japan and the Japan International Cooperation Agency.
During Project Implementation The project has just been physically closed. while only open financially. which is expected to be closed financially as well, in April 2017.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Financial management specialist - $240,000 (ICS)

M&E specialist - $230,000 (ICS)

Audit - $30,000 (LCS)

Procurement

Goods and works:

120 small scale irrigation schemes rehabiliated - $5,400,000 (community participation)

Office suplies - $62,100 (shopping)

Generators - $4,000 (shopping)

Responsible ADB Officer Ayubi, Mohammad Hanif
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Afghanistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development
Darul Aman Road, Nila Bagh Street,
Kabul,
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 28 Jan 2011
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 06 Jul 2012
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 27 Mar 2017

Grant 9165-AFG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
06 Jul 2012 19 Sep 2012 19 Sep 2012 30 Mar 2017 - 06 Jul 2017
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 10.20 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 06 Jul 2012 0.00 9.42 94%
Counterpart 0.20 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 10.00 06 Jul 2012 0.00 9.42 94%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan