There are no environmentally sensitive features in the proposed investment. Hence, it has been categorized as B in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) (SPS). Accordingly, initial environmental examinations (IEEs) were prepared for all the projects. The IEEs show that the environmental impacts associated with establishment of double tracks, including embankment construction, are negligible. The construction activities are proposed within the right-of-way (ROW) of existing railway lines. The project areas of influence are primarily topographically flat agriculture land; no environmentally sensitive areas will be affected, and no significant impacts on biodiversity or physical cultural resources are anticipated. Most environment impacts are likely to occur during the construction stage. Impacts are primarily due to embankment formations, cutting of trees, and transportation of construction material. However, manageable mitigation measures will be implemented under the environmental management plan (EMP) and monitored under the environmental monitoring plan (EMOP) as part of the construction works. Furthermore, adequate environmental requirements are incorporated into the bidding documents to ensure that all construction materials (sand and gravel) will be taken or mined in an environmentally sound manner. The environmental management plan as part of the IEE has been prepared in sufficient detail to be enforced by MOR.
The general consultant will conduct a training program to strengthen RVNL officials' capacity in addressing environmental concerns associated with its activities, including supervising implementation of the EMP covered in the IEE report and EMOP to ensure meeting of all environment safeguard requirements. An environmental assessment and review framework was prepared to guide the implementation of environment safeguard requirements for the investment program and subsequent tranches.
The proposed investment program is categorized as A in accordance with ADB's SPS. Six RPs have been prepared in accordance with ADB's SPS, Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (amended in 1984), and National Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy (NRRP-2007). According to the project census, 3,945 persons will be affected by the project, out of which 76 households will be physically displaced and 344 households economically displaced. The total resettlement budget for the project is INR 135,033,578.
Details of compensation rates for the loss of land and structures, shifting assistance, income restoration assistance, and additional support provisions for the vulnerable groups are provided in the resettlement framework (RF) prepared for the investment program and also in the RPs. Meaningful consultation and information disclosure during the preparation of RPs with the project displaced persons including land acquisition and compensation process and to general public through the ADB website were undertaken. If during implementation any modification or additional land requirement or involuntary resettlement impacts are identified, a related RP will be prepared or modified in accordance with the applicable laws referred to in the RP, and prior approval of the ADB will be obtained before any further implementation of the relevant section of the subproject.
The proposed investment program is categorized as B in accordance with ADB's SPS. In Chhattisgarh, scheduled tribes account for 31.8% of the total population, Orissa (16.6%), Maharashtra (8.9%), Karnataka (6.6%), and Andhra Pradesh (6.6%). The tribal population is found to be scattered and not concentrated in any particular project areas. Tribal groups in the project areas freely interact with the outside community. They have similar socioeconomic characteristics as the surrounding population. The study done during project preparation did not show any difference in impact between indigenous and non-indigenous groups in the project location. Moreover, these groups are open to new ideas like family planning and formal education.
PSA survey confirmed that the socioeconomic impacts due to the proposed investment will not be comparatively different for tribal groups when compared with the remainder of the population. In addition, meaningful consultations were conducted to ensure a comprehensive perspective on the investment and its impacts; and to ascertain community members' response, their needs and demands, an estimate of losses that they would suffer, and steps to mitigate those losses. Primary and secondary stakeholders consulted include directly affected people, executing agencies, implementing agencies, local administration officers, men, women, farmers, business communities, and disadvantaged groups residing along the areas of influence. Special provisions have been made under the RPs to address indigenous people impacts. An indigenous peoples planning framework (IPPF) was prepared for the investment program to address any unanticipated impacts on indigenous peoples during the implementation of existing subprojects or any additional subprojects. In accordance with the framework, if any significant impacts on indigenous people are identified, an indigenous peoples plan will be prepared and submitted to ADB for approval.
All safeguard documents (EARF, IEEs, RF, RPs, and IPPF) have been approved by MOR, which concurred that these documents be disclosed at ADB website and government websites as required.
|During Project Implementation
||Community meetings and focus group discussions will be organized as part of the social analysis. The local consultative meetings will involve all relevant local stakeholders including representatives of the poor and other socially excluded groups (e.g. women, scheduled tribes, etc.) to disseminate the information as well as to get their feedback about the project design and its potential impacts. Other key stakeholders such as relevant line agencies, local government representatives and NGOs will also be consulted. Consultations will also be undertaken with the affected households and communities during the course of census survey and socio-economic survey along the project roads for preparation of social safeguard plans.