The impact of the Project is a well functioning integrated road transport system in Yunnan Province, part of the GMS. To realize this impact, the Project will help the YPCD provide efficient, safe, and environmentally sustainable road transport system by lowering the cost of transport, relieving traffic congestion, and improving access in the project area. The Project will (i) reduce traffic accidents and vehicle operating costs; (ii) improve access within Yunnan Province, and facilitate the movement of goods and people between the PRC and GMS; (iii) provide additional transport capacity to accommodate growing traffic; and (iv) provide improved access to markets and social services in a poor area.
|Project Name||Central Yunnan Roads Development Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The impact of the Project is a well functioning integrated road transport system in Yunnan Province, part of the GMS. To realize this impact, the Project will help the YPCD provide efficient, safe, and environmentally sustainable road transport system by lowering the cost of transport, relieving traffic congestion, and improving access in the project area. The Project will (i) reduce traffic accidents and vehicle operating costs; (ii) improve access within Yunnan Province, and facilitate the movement of goods and people between the PRC and GMS; (iii) provide additional transport capacity to accommodate growing traffic; and (iv) provide improved access to markets and social services in a poor area.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Project was identified as a high priority project under the GMS Transport Sector Strategy, which was endorsed by the six GMS governments in 2006. The Project will help operationalize the strategic priority of strengthening connectivity and facilitating cross-border movement and tourism under ADB's Regional Cooperation Strategy and Program for the GMS. It will have a significant positive impact on the economic development of the GMS.
The expressway will reduce travel time between Wuding and Kunming by at least 1 hour and shorten the travel distance by 20 km. Improved local roads will link villages to the road network and national highways, and hence to the national and regional economy. Improved local road safety will reduce traffic accidents. A developed and efficient transport network will integrate poor isolated regions with the centers of economic growth.
The Project will directly benefit about 1.93 million people living in the project area, of whom 61% live in rural areas. Some 25% of rural people live on less than $1 per person per day. The Project will also benefit other people living in Yunnan and neighboring provinces, as well as GMS countries.
The Project will directly benefit road users (e.g., passengers, traders, transport providers, and bus and truck operators), as well as labor, the local economy, and the private sector. It will help reduce traffic accidents, vehicle emissions, and traffic noise in the corridor. The Project will also boost tourism. Rural households will be important beneficiaries-from increased incomes through better access to roads, services, markets, and other off-farm opportunities.
The Project is economically and financially justifiable and sustainable. The economic internal rate of return for the Project is estimated at 17.1%. The financial internal rate of return for the expressway component is 4.3%, which is higher than the real weighted average cost of capital.
|Impact||The impact of the Project is a well-functioning integrated road transport system in Yunnan Province and the rest of the GMS.|
|Description of Outcome||An efficient, safe, and environmentally sustainable regional transport system is developed in the project area.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Construction is ongoing satisfactorily and about 85% completed|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Expressway infrastructure and associated facilities between Wuding and Kunming are operational.
Local roads in the project area are upgraded.
Traffic safety on local road network is improved.
Technical and management capacity of YPDOT, its related agencies, and WKEC is strengthened.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
To be assessed at project completion
To be assessed at project completion
To be assessed at project implementation.
servcices of consulting firm ongoing
|Geographical Location||Yunnan Province|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
This is an environmental category A project. The environmental impact assessment (EIA) for the expressway was prepared by YPCD and approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection in April 2007. A major environmental issue is erosion control. A soil erosion prevention plan was prepared and approved by the Ministry of Water Resources in December
2006. A summary initial environmental examination for the local roads was conducted during project preparation, which concluded that this component would not require an EIA, given that the civil works are for pavement, drainage installation, and slope protections. On the basis of the EIA, social erosion prevention plan and the field survey, a summary EIA has been prepared and endorsed by YPCD, circulated to ADB's Board of Directors, and made public through ADB's website on 3 May 2007. The EIA and summary EIA assessed the environmental impact of the Project and prescribed environmental protection and mitigation measures costing CNY57.6 million. To ensure that all the potential adverse environmental impacts of the project are mitigated, YPCD will implement the environmental management plan as specified in the EIA and summary EIA. The EMP will be incorporated in the bidding documents and contracts for civil works; it will be monitored and reported on to ADB semiannually.
|Involuntary Resettlement||This is an involuntary resettlement category A project. YPCD has prepared a resettlement plan for the expressway and a short resettlement plan for the seven local roads. The land use pre-examination was approved by the Ministry of Land and Resources on 24 January 2008. By Novembere 2012, the project land acquisition and resettlement actives commenced in July 2009 and resettlement activities were still ongoing, particularly for construction of concentrated resettlement sites. So far a total of 6,264 mu of land were permanently acquired. The number of people affected by land acquisition was 22,144. A total of 266,300 m2 of buildings were demolished. The number of people affected by house demolition was 3,299. Land acquisition and resettlement impacts were minimized by aligning the expressway away from towns, village centers, and paddy lands, where possible; the urban section will be elevated to reduce impacts and disturbance. The seven local roads for upgrading include roads only require resurfacing within the existing alignment, so no resettlement will be necessary, but the short resettlement plan will provide the basis for due diligence.|
|Indigenous Peoples||This is an indigenous peoples category A project. Ethnic minorities in the project area comprise 25% of the beneficiaries. Mitigation measures will address potential social risks, including resettlement, environmental disturbance, and transmissible diseases; these risks are mainly focused along the project expressway corridor. Enhancement measures (such as local roads, local road safety, small business development, tourism promotion, and skills training) have been targeted in poor counties in the project area, which have high concentrations of ethnic minorities and poverty villages, especially the Miao and Lisu nationalities. Special measures will be targeted at women.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Over 2,430 people were interviewed during the preparation of the feasibility study, environmental assessment, social assessment, resettlement planning and EMDP consultations. For the assessments on environment, resettlement, and ethnic minorities, consultations were held with representatives of affected counties, townships and villages. Both rural people and urban people were familiar with the project and public support for it was high. The consultation and participation process has influenced the Project design and alignment, and the formulation of the Environmental Management Plan (EMP), RP and EMDP. To ensure equal benefit from the project, the poor, ethnic minority groups and other vulnerable groups, such as women, were separately consulted. Their needs and comments were considered in the design of project components, such as local road improvement and safety enhancement program.|
|During Project Implementation||Stakeholder participation and consultations are ongoing.|
|Consulting Services||The Project will finance 36 person-months of international consulting services, including 15 person-months for the team leader of the international consultants; 6 person-months each for (i) bridge, and (ii) tunnel specialists; and 3 person-months each for (i) road safety, (ii) highway design, and (iii) ITS specialists. A program for overseas training, including 85 person-months, will be included in the Project. A consulting firm will be engaged based on a full technical proposal through the quality- and cost-based selection (80% quality and 20% cost) procedures in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). The Project will also provide $100,000 to finance a local road traffic safety strategy study. Given the very small contract values and the intensive relevant experience of the national firm proposed by YPCD in the areas of the study, the firm will be selected using the single source selection method in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. In addition, YPCD will engage and entirely finance 5,500 person-months of national consultants. The national consultants, not financed by ADB, will be recruited in accordance with government procedures acceptable to ADB. The chief supervision engineer will be responsible for overall project supervision, assisted by two deputies, one of whom will be the team leader of the international consultants.|
All ADB-financed procurement will follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). The expressway works will be divided into 18 packages, 15 of which will be financed by ADB and procured under international competitive bidding procedures. ADB-financed equipment will be procured under international competitive bidding procedures. All other packages, including equipment for tolling, telecommunication, traffic monitoring and lighting; landscaping works, buildings, and ancillary facilities will be financed by the Government and procured under national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures. Various thresholds for procurement and the contract packages are set out in the procurement plan.
All road safety enhancement works estimated to cost $200,000 or more will be procured through NCB procedures in accordance with the PRC Tendering and Bidding Law, 1999, including clarifications agreed with ADB. All local road safety enhancement contracts expected to cost less than $200,000 will be procured using shopping procedures. Given the nature of the local road safety enhancement works, force account may be employed for works valued at less than $100,000 when size and location make it unsuitable to adopt shopping procedures (this may include work such as warning posters and signs on local roads, minor poster painting works, and other small and remote scattered works).
|Responsible ADB Officer||Chu, Chenglong|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Yunnan Provincial Department of Transport
Mr. Yang Yubao
No. 1 Huang Cheng Xi Road
Harbin,People's Republic of China
|Concept Clearance||31 Aug 2006|
|Fact Finding||22 Jan 2007 to 30 Jan 2007|
|MRM||16 May 2007|
|Approval||25 Sep 2008|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||25 Jul 2007|
|Last PDS Update||11 Sep 2014|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|25 Sep 2008||27 Mar 2009||31 Aug 2009||30 Jun 2013||31 Mar 2014||08 Jul 2014|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||533.50||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||200.00||25 Sep 2008||200.00||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||25 Sep 2008||200.00||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Central Yunnan Roads Development Project: Project Completion Report||Project/Program Completion Reports||Aug 2015|
|Central Yunnan Roads Development Project||Procurement Plans||Sep 2013|
|Central Yunnan Roads Development Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||May 2009|
|Loan Agreement for Central Yunnan Roads Development Project between People's Republic of China and Asian Development Bank dated 27 March 2009||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Mar 2009|
|Project Agreement for Central Yunnan Roads Development Project between Asian Development Bank and Yunnan Provincial Government dated 27 March 2009||Project/Program Agreements||Mar 2009|
|Central Yunnan Roads Development Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Sep 2008|
|Central Yunnan Roads Development Project||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||May 2007|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|People’s Republic of China: Central Yunnan Roads Development Project||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Dec 2016|
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.