The Asian Development Bank is working with India to improve roads in the countryside. The project is upgrading roads that connect many vulnerable and isolated communities and will help about two million people, providing modern roads to 1,503 communities in the states of Assam, Odisha (formerly Orissa), and West Bengal. About 2,900 kilometers of all-weather rural roads were built or upgraded under the project.
|Project Name||MFF - Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program - Project 4|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The Project will finance part of the cost of a subset of the Investment Program comprising construction and upgrading of 916.77 km rural roads in the state of Assam, 1,498.58 km rural roads in the state of Orissa, and 696.27 km rural roads in the state of West Bengal that are part of the Government of India's rural roads program - Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) meaning Prime Minister's Rural Roads Program. It is expected that the proposed investment will bring about the outcome of reduced poverty and deprivation, and economic growth of rural communities in the vicinity of the subproject roads by providing them with enhanced access to markets; employment opportunities; and social services including health and education.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Poor road infrastructure affects economic growth in rural areas. It impacts negatively on domestic and local trade, on the final cost of goods, competition and competitiveness, logistics in general, movement of people, inward investment opportunities, and ultimately on employment. Poor road connectivity has a strong link to poverty. Past neglect of the rural road network has cut off rural communities from mainstream economic centers in the country and even locally. Poor road connectivity has resulted in slow development, and in some cases a faster than needed exodus of young people to cities. The Government is trying to redress this problem under PMGSY, Assam, Orissa, and West Bengal, which are first targeted under the Investment Program, are among the 10 states with large rural populations that lack adequate coverage in terms of all-weather road connectivity. The poverty head count rates in these states are among the highest in India.|
|Impact||Contribute to reduction in poverty and deprivation, and support economic growth of the community connected by Investment Program roads.|
|Description of Outcome||Improved connectivity of rural community to markets, district headquarters, and other centers of economic activity via Investment Program roads|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Construction and upgrading of rural roads into all-weather standard
Improved community participation
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||The Project does not have any provision for financing consulting services. Technical Support Consultant's (TSC) services required for preparation of the Project were financed under Project 1. For the implementation of Project 3, TSC's services will be financed under Tranche 1, and, after closing of Tranche 1, will be financed under Tranche 2.|
|Procurement||Under the advance contracting and retroactive financing provisions of the FFA, the two state IAs started procurement action as early as in August 2007. The first contract award under Project 3 was in December 2007 in West Bengal and in May 2008 in Assam. In West Bengal, all the civil works contracts under Project 3 have been awarded. In Assam, contract award is taking place in phases. Procurement of civil works followed national competitive bidding procedure using the PMGSY standard bidding documents and procedures with the agreed ADB-financing specific adjustments in the areas of eligibility, anticorruption, social and environmental safeguards as was used under Project 1. An ADB-engaged procurement consultant carried out post-facto review of the procurement process followed and documentation used, and confirmed that there was no departure from the earlier-agreed procurement arrangements.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Heriawan, Andri|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SARD|
Ministry of Rural Development
J. K. Mohapatra
New Delhi, India
|Approval||07 Aug 2009|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||26 Feb 2010|
|Last PDS Update||18 Nov 2010|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|07 Aug 2009||03 Sep 2009||26 Nov 2009||30 Jun 2012||31 Dec 2012||23 Apr 2013|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||185.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||185.00||07 Aug 2009||185.00||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||07 Aug 2009||185.00||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program - Project 4||Project/Program Completion Reports||Jun 2014|
|Project Agreement for Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program - Project 4 between Asian Development Bank and Ministry of Rural Development State of Orissa dated 3 September 2009||Project/Program Agreements||Sep 2009|
|Project Agreement for Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program - Project 4 Between Asian Development Bank and Ministry of Rural Development State of West Bengal dated 3 September 2009||Project/Program Agreements||Sep 2009|
|Loan Agreement for Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program - Project 4 between India and Asian Development Bank dated 3 September 2009||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Sep 2009|
|Project Agreement for Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program - Project 4 between Asian Development Bank and Ministry of Rural Development State of Assam dated 3 September 2009||Project/Program Agreements||Sep 2009|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program (Project 4): Initial Environmental Examination (Orissa)||Environmental Assessment and Measures||Jun 2009|
|Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program (Project 4): Initial Environmental Examination (West Bengal)||Environmental Assessment and Measures||Jun 2009|
|Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program - Project 4: Initial Environmental Examination for Assam||Initial Environmental Examination||Jun 2009|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
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