Afghanistan : Qaisar–Dari Bum Road Project

Sovereign Project | 37075-023

The proposed grant (the project) will finance the construction of a 151-kilometer (km) section of road in northwestern Afghanistan from Qaisar to Dari Bum, which is the last missing link of the national ring road (the Ring Road) and the top priority among the nation's strategic corridors. The road section is also part of the key corridors under the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program. The project will be undertaken following a fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCAS) approach to give the contractors more flexibility in security provision and arrangement. Capacity development programs for the implementing agency will also be included. The project cost is estimated at $334 million, which includes civil works, community development work, consultancy services and capacity development programs for the implementing agency.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    ADB Disclosure
    Sectors Group
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Afghanistan
  • Modality
  • Sector
    • Transport
Project Name
Qaisar–Dari Bum Road Project
Project Number
37075-023
Country / Economy
  • Afghanistan
Project Status
Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0555-AFG: Qaisar - Dari Bum Road Project
Source Amount
Asian Development Fund US$ 330.00 million
Strategic Agendas
  • Environmentally sustainable growth
  • Inclusive economic growth
  • Regional integration
Drivers of Change
  • Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
  • Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector
  • Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender
Some gender elements
Description
The proposed grant (the project) will finance the construction of a 151-kilometer (km) section of road in northwestern Afghanistan from Qaisar to Dari Bum, which is the last missing link of the national ring road (the Ring Road) and the top priority among the nation's strategic corridors. The road section is also part of the key corridors under the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program. The project will be undertaken following a fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCAS) approach to give the contractors more flexibility in security provision and arrangement. Capacity development programs for the implementing agency will also be included. The project cost is estimated at $334 million, which includes civil works, community development work, consultancy services and capacity development programs for the implementing agency.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
The project will complete the Ring Road and enable it to fully perform its role as the backbone of the national transport system. Once complete, the Ring Road will substantially improve regional connectivity, increase efficiency, reduce operating costs, and increase communities' access to social services and infrastructure. The project will support community development works to address basic infrastructure such as rural access roads, culverts, schools, clinics, small-scale irrigation schemes, etc.. The project will benefit local and Afghanistan's economy as a whole, including investment and job creation conditions in the areas. It will also contribute indirectly to stability and security in this remote part of the country. The project will also provide support and capacity development for the MPW and PMO to ensure successful implementation of ADB transport program and sustainability of the investment.
Impact

National trade in and through northwestern Afghanistan increased

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

An efficient and reliable road network in northwestern Afghanistan developed

Progress Toward Outcome
The grant became effective on 17 Aug 2018. An inception mission was fielded in Aug/Sep 2018 to discuss with the government the overall progress of project, in particular, status of procurement of works and recruitment of supervision consultant. A transport portfolio review mission was undertaken in Nov/Dec and Jan/Feb 2019 to review the overall progress of the project. The Mission was concerned over the long delay in the procurement of civil work and recruitment of the supervision consultant. The government is working on the revised Submission 2 for supervision consultant. The ADB Missions recommended that the process needs to be expedited to avoid future cost overruns and grant extensions.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Qaisar-Dari Bum link of the national Ring Road constructed

Roadside infrastructure facilities for 60 local communities installed or constructed

Institutional capacity of MPW strengthened

Disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation capacity in the road subsector improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Procurement of the 3 civil works contracts is ongoing. These works has not started due to security situations. Afghanistan is currently a FCAS country and conflict situations hinders the works progress.

Installation or construction of roadside infrastructure facilities is under preparation.

Strengthening of institutional capacity of MPW is under preparation.

Improvement of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation capacity in the road subsector is under preparation.

Geographical Location
Nation-wide

Safeguard Categories

Environment
B
Involuntary Resettlement
B
Indigenous Peoples
C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
The project is categorized as B for environment. The road alignment will mostly follow the existing dirt track's alignment thus the environmental impacts are expected to be minimal. The initial environmental examination (IEE) prepared for Project 2 (G0244/G0291) in 2010 was updated in accordance with ADB's SPS (2009), and was disclosed on 15 August 2017. It is anticipated that the major environmental impacts of the project will occur during construction phase and will include soil erosion, air and water pollution, noise impacts, occupational health and safety, and cutting of trees. Adequate mitigation measures are included in, and will be implemented through, an environmental management plan (EMP).
Involuntary Resettlement
The project is categorized as B for involuntary resettlement. Although most of the road improvement work will be carried out within the existing right of way. acquisition of privately-owned land presently being used for agricultural, residential and commercial purposes may be needed to meet the minimum national road standard pavement and embankment width of 12 meters. Based on preliminary assessment, works in all three road sections (Dari Bum-Bala Murghab; Bala Murghab-Gormach; and Gormach-Sar Chashma) will require the acquisition of 34.6 ha of agricultural and 8.96 ha of residential and commercial land. Thus, potentially impacting about 14,701 square meters of primary and secondary residential and commercial structures. It is estimated that 491 households (3,437 persons) will be affected. Of these, 168 persons will experience significant impacts, i.e., possibly displaced from housing or potential loss of 10% or more of their productive assets. Due to challenging security issues, access to project sites can be difficult. Therefore anticipated land acquisition impact assessment has been made using satellite imagery in combination with highway design software. Based on this and consultation with village representatives, 3 draft land acquisition and resettlement plans (LARPs) have been prepared in accordance with Afghanistan law and ADB SPS (2009). The draft LARPs have been endorsed by MPW and disclosed on the ADB website on 15 August 2017, and will be updated following detailed design, consultations, detailed measurement surveys and valuation of assets.
Indigenous Peoples
The project is categorized as C for indigenous people. Communities along the project alignment comprise mainly of Pashtuns and other smaller ethnic groups. These communities are all mainstreamed into Afghanistan's general society and culture and cannot be considered as indigenous people as defined under ADB''s SPS, 2009.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
Detailed tasks include undertaking consultations with relevant stakeholders to present the recommendations and seek inputs before finalizing the recommendations. Additional public consultations will be conducted during the detailed design stage (before construction).
During Project Implementation
MPW and ADB will maintain and regularly update its website with information on the Project, and regularly consult with the public, civil society organizations and development partners in respect of each of the preceding matters.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services
All consultants will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). Recruitment of construction supervision and individual consultants for community development activities are ongoing.
Procurement
For procurement of goods, works, non-consulting and consulting services in project, ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time) shall apply. Procurement of three (3) civil works packages are ongoing.

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
ADB Disclosure
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Transport Sector Office (SG-TRA)

Timetable

Concept Clearance
17 Jul 2017
Fact Finding
17 Jun 2017 to 25 Jun 2017
MRM
16 Aug 2017
Approval
06 Dec 2017
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
08 Dec 2020

Funding

Grant 0555-AFG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
06 Dec 2017 01 Aug 2018 17 Aug 2018 30 Jun 2023 - -
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 334.00
ADB 330.00
Counterpart 4.00
Cofinancing 0.00
Grant Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 26 Jul 2023 1.37 0.00 77%
Cumulative Disbursements 26 Jul 2023 1.77 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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