The project comprises (a) Investment Component consisting of improvements of about 200 km state roads in the States of Assam, Meghalaya and Sikkim, and associated consulting services for construction supervision; and (b) Project Management and Capacity Development Component consisting of (i) assistance to the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MDONER) and the public works departments (PWDs) in implementing the Investment Subprojects, and (ii) capacity development of the PWDs for improved road asset management.
|Project Name||MFF - North Eastern State Roads Investment Program - Tranche 1|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The project comprises (a) Investment Component consisting of improvements of about 200 km state roads in the States of Assam, Meghalaya and Sikkim, and associated consulting services for construction supervision; and (b) Project Management and Capacity Development Component consisting of (i) assistance to the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MDONER) and the public works departments (PWDs) in implementing the Investment Subprojects, and (ii) capacity development of the PWDs for improved road asset management.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
North Eastern Region (NER) forms a distinct geographical unit, representing about 8% of the country's geographic area. 98% of its borders are with other countries, Bangladesh, Bhutan, the People's Republic of China, Myanmar, and Nepal. Its connection with the rest of the country is only through a narrow land corridor. Except in Assam, NER has predominantly hilly to mountainous terrain and very high rainfall (among the highest in the world), which frequently results in landslides and floods.
Many factors have hampered the process of economic development in NER. Prior to independence, the only major economic activity was tea growing in some parts of present-day Assam. NER's transport connectivity to the rest of India has been limited to the narrow land corridor. Some states joined the planned development process later than other states of the country. Recognizing the need for accelerated development, the Government of India places special focus on the development of NER in its five-year plans, mainly through central funding of development activities in the region. Over the last two decades the government has required 10% of the budgets of central ministries and departments to be allocated for NER, and the creation of a non-lapsable central pool of resources for collecting the unspent allocated central funds for further assistance to the region. However, the recent growth performance of these states has not been encouraging, although some of the human development indicators (HDIs), such as the literacy rate, show remarkable progress. The government's Eleventh Five Year Plan, 2007-2012 states that "while development efforts over the years have made some impact (as reflected in some of the HDIs which are comparable with the rest of the country), the region is deficit in physical infrastructure which has a multiplier effect on economic development."
In 2001, the government created a dedicated ministry, MDONER, to coordinate and give impetus to the various central development efforts. MDONER responsibilities include dealing with matters relating to the planning, execution, and monitoring of development schemes and projects in the region including those for roads and administering the non-lapsable central pool of resources.
To further these development efforts and with renewed recognition that poor roads and bridges supporting the region's single most dominant transport mode of road transport are the major constraints on such effort, the government started a national investment program to improve road connectivity to remote places in the region. The Special Accelerated Road Development Program in the North Eastern Region (SARDP-NE) is to improve higher class roads including national highways and state roads in the region, and provide connectivity to the state capitals and district headquarters in NER by developing two-lane national highways. The investment program was developed in parallel with SARDP-NE and is complementary to it. While SARDP-NE focusses on improving higher class roads, the investment program is developed to improve intrastate connectivity, mainly to district headquarters and other places of administrative and economic importance in the individual states, and enhancing capacity of state PWDs to manage their road assets.
|Impact||Improved surface transport connectivity in NER|
|Description of Outcome||Improved mobility and accessibility in the project areas|
|Progress Toward Outcome||To be assessed at project completion.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Reconstructed and rehabilitated state roads
2. Improved business process and staff skills
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1) - Civil Works contracts in Assam, Sikkim and Meghalaya were awarded in Dec 2012, Nov 2012 and Sep 2013 respectively.
Overall physical progress for Assam is 61.27%, for Sikkim 36.75% and for Meghalaya, 44.77%.
- CSC in Assam, Sikkim and Meghalaya were awarded on 8 Nov 12, 28 Feb 12 and 12 Jul 12 respectively.
- PMC contract was awarded on 3 Aug 12.
2) Capacity building component has been completed in December 2014.
|Geographical Location||Assam, Meghalaya, and Sikkim states in the North Eastern region of India|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
Project 1 is classified as environmental category B. Initial environmental examinations (IEEs) were prepared to address the impacts. Although the project roads pass through reserve forest, vegetation density along the project roads is moderate and not endangered. Therefore, the IEEs indicate no major adverse environmental impacts. The environmental management plans have been included in the civil works contract. The investment program involves improvement and reconstruction of existing state highways and district roads on existing alignments and within available rights-of-way, with minor land acquisition.
The IEEs find that environmental impacts associated with the upgrading and improvement of the project roads will occur mainly during construction. However, since most of the roads are located in hilly areas, landslides could occur during construction and operation. The other important issue related to construction is the disposal of spoil materials from earth work. Contractors will need to be monitored to ensure that spoil materials are not disposed of in forested areas, nearby water bodies, agriculture land, and on the down-slope side of roads without adequate protection. These impacts are manageable and can be mitigated by implementing the mitigation measures recommended in the IEEs. The IEE confirms that none of the project roads are located in environmentally and ecologically sensitive areas. An environmental assessment and review framework was prepared for the investment program and subsequent tranches.
|Involuntary Resettlement||The investment program was developed with a view to minimize the need for land acquisition and involuntary resettlement. Where possible, construction activities will take place within the existing rights-of-way. Resettlement plans were prepared for the four roads in Project 1 to address land acquisition and resettlement impacts. The displaced households will be entitled to compensation for the loss of land and structures at replacement cost, shifting cost, and other income restoration assistance.|
|Indigenous Peoples||In NER, the scheduled tribe population constitutes 26.93% of the total population. Of the six project states, Meghalaya and Mizoram have scheduled tribe populations making up more than 85% of their respective population. In Assam and Sikkim, scheduled tribe populations make up less than 20%. More than 100 tribal groups reside in NER. In Meghalaya and Mizoram, the majority of the population is tribal, while in the remaining states the tribal population is not distinctive in the sense that they are inherently integrated with the modern and dominant population of the state. Tribal groups in the subproject areas freely interact and share their sources of water, folklore, food, infrastructure, and other belongings with the outside community. Moreover, these groups have nuclear families and are open to new ideas like family planning and formal education. Social impact assessments confirm that the socioeconomic impacts due to the subprojects will not be comparatively different for these people when compared with the remainder of the population. In addition, meaningful consultations, held in an atmosphere free of coercion, were conducted to ensure a comprehensive perspective on the proposed road improvement and its impacts; and to ascertain community members' response, their needs and demands, an estimate of losses that they would suffer, and steps to mitigate those losses. Primary and secondary stakeholders consulted include directly affected people, executing agencies, implementing agencies, local administration officers, men, women, farmers, business communities, and disadvantaged groups residing along the corridor of influence. Combined indigenous peoples plans and resettlement plans were prepared for the road improvement under Project 1. Adequate compensation provisions are made to mitigate adverse impacts on indigenous peoples.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Stakeholder participation and consultation was carried out during project design by the PPTA consultants during the preparation of the resettlement plans and the poverty and social assessment report. The details of the consultations carried out are there in the RPs.|
|During Project Implementation||Stakeholder participation and consultation are being carried out by the RP implementation NGOs during the implementation phase.|
|Consulting Services||Recruitment of a construction supervision consultant for each of the three states and a project management consultant was completed by Q4 2012.|
|Procurement||Each state has a civil works package and procurement by each state was completed by Q4 2012.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Jagir Kumar|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||India Resident Mission|
Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region
Room no. 283-A
Vigyan Bhawan Annexe
Maulana Azad Road, New Delhi 110 011 Public Works Department State of Assam
India Public Works Department State of Meghalaya
Lachumiere, Shillong- 793001
India Roads and Bridges Department State of Sikkim
Nirman Bhawan, P.O. Gangtok
|Concept Clearance||23 Nov 2005|
|Fact Finding||07 Jul 2006 to 19 Jul 2006|
|MRM||09 Jul 2010|
|Approval||22 Aug 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||08 Jun 2010|
|Last PDS Update||17 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|22 Aug 2011||09 Jul 2012||22 Oct 2012||31 Dec 2016||30 Jun 2019||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||109.50||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||74.80||22 Aug 2011||50.71||0.00||68%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||22 Aug 2011||27.35||0.00||37%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|North Eastern State Roads Investment Program - Tranche 1||Procurement Plans||Aug 2013|
|Project Agreement for North Eastern State Roads Investment Program - Project 1 between Asian Development Bank and Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region and State of Meghalaya dated 9 July 2012||Project/Program Agreements||Jul 2012|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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