ADB is helping Pakistan improve water resource management and increase productivity of irrigated agriculture in Punjab province. The second project under the multitranche financing facility will construct the new Khanki Barrage on River Chenab, which will supply water to about 1.2 million hectares of agricultural land.
|Project Name||Punjab Irrigated Agriculture Investment Program - Project 2|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change|
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Irrigation
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The new Khanki Barrage (NKB) will be constructed on River Chenab at 275m downstream of the existing khanki headworks. It will replace a 120 years old existing structure. Its main components are (i) main weir and undersluices, (ii) gates and hoisting arrangement, (iii) operating deck and access road, and (iv) canal head regulator and lead channel. The NKB will diver 330 m3sec-1 (11,653 ft3 sec-1) irrigation supplies to the Lower Chenab Canal (LCC) serving about 1.2 million ha agricultural land. The construction of NKB at the upstream end will ensure sustained irrigation delivery to the LCC comman area and will contribute to the outcome of the MFF. The NKB at the upstream end will ensure sustained irrigation delivery to the LCC command are and will contribute to the outcome of the MFF. The NKB will also increase the safe flood discharge capacity from the present 22,654 m3sec-1 (800,000 ft3sec-1) which is less than a one fifty years flood event to 31,149 m3sec-1 (1,100,000 ft3sec-1) equivalent to one in 100 years flood event. Overall 568,000 farming families (310,000 less than 2 ha and 190,000 between 2 to 6 ha) will be benefitted through reliable irrigation supplies.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
From a broader development perspective, strong engagement in the water sector in Pakistan is supported by (i) the ADB Pakistan country partnership strategy and program, which identifies water as one of the key areas for economic development; (ii) ADB's Medium-Term Strategy II, which lists investment in water resources as a core ADB activity; and (iii) the national Government and the Government of Punjab, which both identify investment in irrigation and water management as a priority for Pakistan for economic development and poverty reduction.
Punjab irrigated agriculture accounts for 28% of Punjab's GDP and employs over 50% of its labor force. Irrigated cultivable agriculture covers 8.4 million hectares (ha) with a cropping intensity of 122%. Fourteen barrages supply water through 22 main and link canals. Upgrading the irrigation system requires over $3 billion. The Medium-Term Development Framework (MTDF) estimated expenditure on the irrigation sector at a high 32% annually since 2005. The water resources sector road map identifies improving infrastructure, institutions and agricultural productivity to drive sustained agricultural growth. ADB's agriculture sector evaluation (2006) for Pakistan emphasizes rehabilitating water resources and irrigation in its lending portfolio. Punjab Irrigation Department (PID) asset management plan requires rehabilitation of seven barrages and five main canal systems. The World Bank and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) also supported the irrigation sector institutional reforms through development policy loans and the Punjab irrigation system improvement project.
|Impact||Improved agricultural production and farm income in Lower Chenab Canal (LCC) command area (Gujranwala, Hafizabad, Sheikhupura, Nankana Sahib, Faisalabad, Jhang and Toba Tek Singh districts).|
|Description of Outcome||The sustainable improved delivery of services for irrigated agriculture and better water management in LCC command areas.|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. New Khanki Barrage completed on time and within the budget.
2. EA's improved project management efficiency.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Works are 92% completed. One NCB civil works contract was merged with ICB contract due to failure of bid for NCB. The ICB works contract was awarded on 30 May 2013. The consultancy contract was awarded on 27 Feb 2013.
Expecting increase in flood capacity from 800,000 cfs to 110,000 cfs on completion.
The new Khanki Barrage will provide annual diversion to LCC increased from maximum of 7991 million cubic meters (6,472 million acre feet) in 2011 to maximum of 8,286 million cubic meters/6.711 million acre feet by 2017 with no risk to sustainable deliveries and to make use of excessive supplies.
To improve EA's project management efficiency 20 Engineers of PID has been sent to AIT for Master in Water Resources and Irrigation Engineering. Similar process will be adopted for Capacity Building for next intake with universities. All training programs for capacity building of PMO/PIPD communities completed.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Environmental Aspects||The government conducted an IEE and submitted its report. The major anticipated environmental impacts are (i) soil contamination around the contractor's camp, (ii) dust, smoke and noise, (iii) compaction of soil, (iv) water leakage from temporary dikes and (v) damage to flora and fauna. The mitigation measures have been agreed and will be included in the contractor's contractual obligation to the Government. The main provisions include (i) managing the camp's waste properly, (ii) maintaining the roads and drainage ditches in proper order, (iii) using low noise machinery, (iv) monitoring and strengthening temporary dikes and (v) maintaining the borrow area leveled and useable at the completion of the contract. The environmental management plan is being implemented. The EA is submitting Biennual environment monitorin report.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Limited impacts on land because of the construction of the new Barrage have been identified. In any case, LARP has been prepared in line with the country's Land Acquisition Act 1894 and Resettlement Framework first prepared and agreed upon under the MFF. This work has been updated to comply with ADB's SPS (2009). A total of 69 households (414 persons) will be affected by the project. In total, 19 houses will be affected, which include 14 houses owned by the PID in its staff colony and 5 private houses. PID will build new houses in the colony to accommodate its 14 staff families. The private house owners will be compensated through replacement costs. The other damages include 24 fruit and 13 wood trees and loss of crops on acquired land during project implementation. The number of affected people _ through dislocation or through 10% loss of their productive assets _ represents less than 200. implementation of LARP is in progress.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project area does not have communities that may be defined as indigenous people under ADB's SPS (2009). Consequentially, indigenous people impact classification for the project area is _C_.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Stakeholders, beneficiaries, and people in the project area have been consulted. A participatory and consultative methodology was adopted to undertake social analysis during the project preparation. It involved (i) initial field reconnaissance discussions with project stakeholders; (ii) focus group discussions with women in core subproject areas; (iii) detailed household survey with male respondents in core subproject areas; (iv) key informant interviews; and (v) detailed survey questionnaires of households directly affected by land acquisition and civil works.|
|During Project Implementation||During project implementation, the participation of stakeholders is being supported and deepened with the assistance of key project staff and the consultants. Dedicated resettlement staff at the project management office is to ensure that resettlement activities are addressed and will be implemented ccording to ADB guidelines (SPS, 2009). ADB reviewed and cleared the draft resettlement plan and was notified as per Land acquisition act 1984.|
The consulting services package will be procured using Quality- and Cost-Based Selection (QCBS) with a quality/cost ratio of 90/10. The consultancy services will provide inputs of 84 person-months of international and 1394 person-months national consultants.
The consultants will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010 as amended time to time).
All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time). The main civil works package will be awarded under international competitve bidding using single stage 2-envelop method. Single-stage two envelope procedures will be followed for ICB contract.
Supply contracts estimated to cost the equivalent of $500,000 and more will be awarded on the basis of international competitive bidding; those costing $100,000 up to $500,000 equivalent will be awarded on the basis of limited international bidding; and minor items costing $100,000 equivalent or less will be procured under shopping.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Sato, Noriko|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD|
Punjab Irrigation Department
Mr. Khalid Masood
c/o Superintending Engineer
Link Canal Circle, Canal Bank
Mughalpur, Lahore, Pakistan
|MRM||17 Oct 2011|
|Approval||22 Dec 2011|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||30 Jul 2009|
|Last PDS Update||30 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|22 Dec 2011||18 Jan 2012||17 Feb 2012||31 Dec 2016||31 Jul 2017||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||309.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||270.00||22 Dec 2011||193.14||0.00||79%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||22 Dec 2011||172.37||0.00||70%|
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New Weir in Pakistan's Punjab Provides Extensive IrrigationIn Pakistan's province of Punjab, ADB is working with the government to replace a 100-year-old weir that regulates water flow to canals irrigating more than 12,000 sq km of agricultural land.