China, People's Republic of: Zhengzhou-Xi'an Railway Project
The Project will remove a transport constraint to sustainable economic growth. Providing economic railway transporation in the unserved, less-developed, and poor areas will help create conditions necessary for developing local resources and generating employment and income-enhancing opportunities to raise living standards in the project area.
East Asia Department
Request for information
China, People's Republic of
|Project Name||Zhengzhou-Xi'an Railway Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Rail transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The Project will remove a transport constraint to sustainable economic growth. Providing economic railway transporation in the unserved, less-developed, and poor areas will help create conditions necessary for developing local resources and generating employment and income-enhancing opportunities to raise living standards in the project area. The project comprises the following components: (i) construction of 459 km double-track electrified standard gauge Class I passenger dedicated railway between Zhengzhou and Xi'an, (ii) construction of 9 new railway stations complete with facilities, (iii) safety initiatives, including provision of modern technology and equipment for enhancing safety, (iv) e-governance and operating disptach information system, (v) provision of training on the use and maintenance of modern equipment, (vi) land acqusition and resettlement, (vii) environmental protection and mitigation of adverse environmental effects, (viii) consulting services for construction supervision, monitoring and evaluation, and marketing and business development, and (ix) strengthening of institutional capabilities. The key inputs needed for project implementation include civil works, equipment, consultants, and staff of MOR and the Project Company.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Project meets the railway sector operational strategy of ADB for the PRC to reduce railway network constraints and to promote sustainable economic growth in poor areas not served by railways. The Project is also in line with the Government's western development strategy to provide less-developed regions with better infrastructure to facilitate economic growth, thereby increasing the opportunity for people to improve their living standards. The interior regions in the PRC have not benefited as much from economic growth and reforms as the east coast. The gap in economic and social development has increased. Transport constraints and high logistics costs are two of the factors contributing to regional economic disparities and are two of the constraints that prevent the western region from capitalizing on its comparative advantages. The proposed Project is one of the eight passenger dedicated corridors to be developed by 2020. The proposed alignment for the ZXR is 50 km shorter than the existing Longhai railway line. Traversing Henan and Shaanxi Provinces, the proposed railway line with connect with Beijing-Guangzhou, Shanghai-Xuzhou and Beijing-Wuhan main lines on the east and Xi'an-Baoji-Lanzhou, Xi'an-Baoji-Chengdu, Xi'an-Ankang, and Xi'an-Yan'an main lines on the west. This is the main east-west corridor linking Beijing, Shanghai, Lianyunang and other major cities and ports in the east, Xi'an, Baoji, Lanzhou, Urumqi, Chengdu, Chongqing, in the west. The Project will also help in promoting the regional cooperation as this is the main east-west corridor linking PRC to Central Asia and Europe. The Project, a joint-venture railway between the Ministry of Railways (MOR) and Henan and Shaanxi provincial governments (HPG and SPG), will have substantial managerial and financial autonomy. The Project will contribute to changing the railway enterprises from a cost center in a planned economy to a profit center in an increasingly competitive transport market. The components are formulated in line with MOR's 2004 railway development plan.
As of end-2003, the PRC's railway system comprised 72,000 route-km of local railways including 26,700 route-km railways in the western region. The railway system reached 75,000 route-km by 2005. Given the location of the population, natural resources, and industries in the PRC, the current size of the railway network does not provide adequate coverage. There are vast inland areas in the central and western parts of the country that do not have any rail transport. The lack of railway capacity to meet the increasing demand for transportation services is constrianing economic growth. The Government's Railway Development Plan for 1998-2004 gives priority to unserved areas, particularly railway lines that would improve links between the poor inland provinces in the western and central PRC and the more prosperous coastal areas. The Project will provide a vital link between the inland provinces to the eastern region.
|Impact||Improved transport system in the region that supports socioeconomic development and the Western Development Strategy|
|Description of Outcome||An efficient, safe, reliable, and affordable railway transport system is developed in the region|
|Progress Toward Outcome||A total of 52 ADB-financed contracts have been awarded, 7 for materials and 45 for equipment.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Railway infrastructure and associated facilities improved along the Zhengzhou-Xian railway corridor
2. Employment opportunities generated for the poor and vulnerable groups to raise incomes and living standards, and reduce poverty
3. Corporate governance promoted
4. Institutional capacity of the Project Company strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Railway line and stations completed. Supply of equipment ongoing
This was complied with as confirmed in the external monitoring reports.
This will be assessed at Project Completion.
During the Loan Review Mission in Aug 2012, the EA confirmed that trainings are ongoing and a marketing program was already developed and financed by the EA.
|Geographical Location||Dayugou, Fenghuang Shan, Fenghuang Shan, Gaoqiao, Gongyi, Guanyintang, Hanguguan, Haoyang River, Hejiazhuang, Henan Sheng, Huashan, Lingbao, Lintong, Luo He, Luofu River, Luoyang, Luoyang Shi, Mianchi, Potou, Qindong, Qinglongjian River, Sanmenxia, Sanmenxia Shi, Shaanxi, Shan Xian, Sishui River, Wei He, Weinan, Xi He, Xi'an, Xi'an Shi, Xinfeng, Xingyang, Yangtze River, Yanshi, Zhangjiawan, Zhangmao, Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou, weinan shi|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
Potential adverse environmental impacts include (i) noise and vibration impacts on adjacent residents; (ii) soil erosion from cut and fill activities; (iii) disturbance of historical, cultural, and archaeological sites; (iv) impact on surface water quality of adjacent waterways;
and (v) public health and safety.
The EIA concluded that the adverse environmental impacts can be successfully mitigated through the use of best practices and appropriate technologies. Implementation of the environmental management, mitigation, and monitoring programs included in the EIA will ensure
compliance with ADB and Government environmental guidelines and procedures. Internal and external monitoring and audits were conducted to ensure that standards and regulations are followed. An independent monitoring agency was hired to carry out external monitoring and
evaluation work during implementation.
MOR, in consultation with provincial and local governments, prepared a resettlement plan based on the preliminary design study; village surveys of all 170 rural villages, and all 13 village-level urban neighborhoods; 2,354 household surveys; provincial, prefecture, and local government statistics; and consultations with local officials, village leaders, and affected households. Although the total amount of land and people affected is large, these impacts are spread thinly over a long narrow corridor. Income loss from land acquisition is less severe because this corridor is developing rapidly and at least 70% of net income for more than half of rural households comes from nonagricultural employment and small businesses. Special assistance will be provided to vulnerable households that include the poor, widows, disabled, and ethnic minorities.
Local government land administration bureaus, in conjunction with railway construction support offices, are responsible for implementing resettlement; many activities were carried out by township officials and village committees.
The project area has 52,527 residents from 11 ethnic minority nationalities, representing 0.65% of the total population of the project area (9.5 million). The main ethnic group (83.7%) is Hui, who are descendants of Muslim traders that settled in Xi'an and Zhengzhou. About 500
may be affected by land acquisition and resettlement. Investigations reveal the Hui villagers were integrated with the Han and shared the same socioeconomic conditions. Other ethnic minorities (such as Man, Mongol, Uygur) are not affected by land acquisition and resettlement,
as they are either located in urban areas or remote villages far from the alignment. Specific provisions such as livelihood training, employment on construction, access to rural credit, assistance with house construction, and social security are included in the resettlement plan.
Ethnic minorities are also included as a target group in the social development action plan (SDAP) to enhance benefits for poor or vulnerable people in the project area.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Various public consultation and participation activities for the Project have been conducted and the role of each stakeholder is identified. MOR, Fourth Survey Design Institute, the project preparation technical assistance consultants and ADB mission have had formal and informal consultations with local communities and government agencies through meetings, surveys, household interviews, written communications, workshops, and such, involving about 10,000 people. The local county and township governments and communities will assist MOR in acquiring land, implementing the resettlement plan (RP), and organizing local labor for construction and local development including the station area to ensure the participation and benefit of the poor, women, and other vulnerable people.|
|During Project Implementation||CRC (former MOR), Fourth Survey Design Institute, the project preparation technical assistance consultants and ADB mission continues to have formal and informal consultations with local communities and government agencies through meetings and surveys.|
|Consulting Services||The ADB loan will finance 20 person-months of international consulting services for (i) strengthening institutional, marketing, and business development functions of the Project Company; and (ii) researching and strengthening the development, operation, and management of the passenger-dedicated railway systems in the PRC. The consultants will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. Suitable domestic consulting services for project design, construction supervision, and construction quality control, environmental supervision, procurement, and monitoring and evaluation of the safeguard aspects of the Project will be engaged and financed by MOR in accordance with government procedures acceptable to ADB.|
|Procurement||ADB-financed components will be procured by MOR in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement. Other items will be procured in accordance with government procedures acceptable to ADB.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Saxena, Sharad|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, EARD|
China Railway Corporation (Formerly Ministry of Railways)
Mr. Liu Junfu
Fax No. (8610) 5184 1845
No. 10 Fuxing Road Beijing 100844
|Concept Clearance||08 Mar 2005|
|Fact Finding||14 Mar 2005 to 25 Mar 2005|
|MRM||13 May 2005|
|Approval||22 Sep 2005|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||27 Nov 2006|
|Last PDS Update||30 Sep 2014|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|22 Sep 2005||03 Apr 2006||22 Aug 2006||30 Jun 2012||31 Dec 2014||20 Jan 2015|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||4,131.93||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||400.00||29 Sep 2021||392.39||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||29 Sep 2021||392.39||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Zhengzhou-Xi'an Railway Project: Project Completion Report||Project/Program Completion Reports||Jul 2017|
|Zhengzhou-Xi’an Railway Project||Procurement Plans||Dec 2013|
|Zhengzhou-Xi'an Railway Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Oct 2006|
|Loan Agreement for Zhengzhou-Xi'an Railway Project between People's Republic of China and ADB||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Aug 2005|
|Zhengzhou-Xi'an Railway Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Aug 2005|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
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