The principal objectives of the Project are to promote economic growth and reduce poverty in eastern Sichuan Province by lowering the cost of transport, relieving traffic congestion, and improving access in the project area. The Project will (i) reduce traffic accidents and vehicle operating costs; (ii) improve access between Chongqing and Xi'an, two major growth centers in western PRC; (iii) provide additional transport capacity to accommodate growing traffic volume; and (iv) provide improved access to markets and social services in a poor area.
|Project Name||Eastern Sichuan Roads Development Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport - Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The principal objectives of the Project are to promote economic growth and reduce poverty in eastern Sichuan Province by lowering the cost of transport, relieving traffic congestion, and improving access in the project area. The Project will (i) reduce traffic accidents and vehicle operating costs; (ii) improve access between Chongqing and Xi'an, two major growth centers in western PRC; (iii) provide additional transport capacity to accommodate growing traffic volume; and (iv) provide improved access to markets and social services in a poor area. The Project has the following outputs: (i) construction of a 143 km, four-lane access-controlled toll expressway from Dazhou to Wanyuan, including access roads, interchanges with toll stations, tunnels, bridges, administrative stations, and service areas; (ii) upgrading of 430 km of local roads to improve access to poor remote areas; (iii) promoting corporate governance by separating expressway construction and operations from the provincial government; and (iv) capacity building in project management, quality control, road safety, and monitoring and evaluation. The key activities needed to realize these outputs are civil works for the expressway and local roads, equipment, resettlement, consulting services, and training.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Despite considerable investments in the road sector, the PRC road network still does not provide efficient transport to large parts of the country-particularly to poorer inland regions like Sichuan. Better transport links are necessary to (i) improve economic efficiency, (ii) foster domestic and international trade, (iii) facilitate interregional integration, and (iv) reduce poverty. The provinces of western PRC lack high-class road infrastructure. The road network must be improved to facilitate sustainable economic development and ensure that the social and economic benefits of investments in the region reach poor rural areas. To enhance economic development and reduce poverty in western PRC, the Government is implementing the Western Region Development Strategy, which aims to reduce development disparities between the western and coastal regions. The Project will support this strategy. It will be the fourth road project in Sichuan to be financed by ADB. It will complement three completed or ongoing ADB-financed projects in Sichuan that likewise concentrate on developing the Xi'an-Kunming road corridor.
To enhance economic development and reduce poverty in western PRC, the Government is implementing the Western Region Development Strategy, which aims to reduce development disparities between the western and coastal regions. The Project will support this strategy. It will be the fourth road project for ADB financing in Sichuan, which will complement ADB?s assistance in developing the Xi?an-Kunming corridor through the three completed or ongoing road projects.
|Impact||An integrated road transport system that supports economic growth in Sichuan Province is developed.|
|Description of Outcome||Road transport efficiency and safety improved in the project area for the expressway and local roads.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The anticipated project outcome has been achieved. Details will be presented through a project completion report which is being prepared.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Building 143 km expressway between Dazhou and Wanyuan.
Upgrading 430 local roads in the project areas.
Improvement governance through a concession framework agreement signed in 2008.
Strengthening EA and IA capacity through 35 person months international training.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1. Project expressway: Civil works of the project expressway consisted of 16 subgrade packages financed by ADB and four pavement packages financed by domestic funds. Procurement of subgrade packages followed ICB procedures and was completed in 2008. Construction commenced on 1 January 2009. Comparing with the implementation schedule envisaged at appraisal, construction was delayed about 12 months. Main reasons were a delay in signing onlending agreement between SPTD and SDEC, and interruptions caused by Wenchuan Earthquake in May 2008. Procurement of pavement packages was completed in 2010. The overall progress of the project caught up with the original schedule and achieved a satisfactory accomplishment. Actual construction time of the project expressway was reduced from 48 to 40 months. The project expressway was completed and opened to traffic on a trial operation basis on 12 April 2012.
2. Local roads upgrading: The project includes 40 local roads with a total length of 430 km. Of which, thirty local roads with a total length of 402 km were financed by the government and the remaining 10 access roads with a total length of 27.6 km were partially financed by ADB. All local roads were completed before April 2012. In addition, Chongqing municipal government has voluntarily constructed a 66 km class II road in 2013 by connecting Chengkou (the remotest county of Chongqing) with the project expressway therefore travel time between Chengkou and Chongqing urban area via the project expressway was reduced from 8 to 4 hours.
3. Consulting Services: An international consulting firm has been engaged by SDEC in 2008 with 51 person-months consulting services. The consultant was fielded in January 2009. As of project completion, 38.5 person-months inputs, a reduction of 12.5 person-months due to shortened construction period, were provided. SDEC has engaged eight domestic consultants with total inputs of 6,390 person-months. Southwest Jiaotong University was engaged as the external monitor to undertake project benefit, resettlement, and social development monitoring assignments.
4. Capacity Building: A 35 person-months human resource development plan has been prepared with the help of the international consultants. As of project completion, a total 31 person-months overseas training which was reduced by 4 person-months due to government strict control were conducted covering all training fields. Knowledge learned from international training was shared and disseminated. SDEC has developed and launched a 50 person-month training program for Sichuan Communications and Technology Management College to enhance the local communications bureau staff's capacity and skills in road maintenance and traffic management. SDEC has organized internal trainings, workshops, seminars, technical discussions, and lectures for 1,358 staff.
|Geographical Location||Sichuan Province|
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Environmental Aspects||ADB has classified the Project as environmental category A. The EIA has been prepared by the National Environmental Science Research Institute and the Sichuan Communications Design and Research Institute, and it was approved by the State Environmental Protection Administration on 1 August 2006. A summary EIA for the Project was circulated to ADB's Board of Directors and posted on its website on 16 May 2006. The EIA has assessed the environmental impacts of the project expressway and prescribed environmental protection and mitigation measures. The proposed expressway passes about 100 m from protection area of Huae Nature Reserve, and therefore special measures will be taken to minimize the potential adverse impacts to the reserve. Another environmental issue is erosion control. For this purpose, a soil erosion prevention plan was prepared. For the local road component, an environmental assessment and review procedure was prepared to ensure mitigation of possible environmental impacts. To ensure that all potential adverse environmental impacts of the Project are mitigated, SPCD will implement an environmental management plan. The environmental management plan will be incorporated in the bidding documents and contracts for civil works.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||This is an involuntary resettlement category A project. The SPCD has prepared a draft resettlement plan based on its feasibility study, investigations of 49 villages, household surveys, and consultations with local officials, village leaders, and affected households. The full resettlement plan addresses impacts caused by the proposed construction of the 143 km expressway and 28 km of link roads. SPCD also plans to upgrade 402 km of existing local roads (township to village roads) using domestic funds. These roads will involve little or no land acquisition or resettlement. SPCD has prepared a short resettlement plan for these roads and assured ADB that any affected persons will receive the same compensation standards. Since the resettlement plans are based on the SPCD feasibility study, it will be necessary for SPCD, prior to commencement of land acquisition, to prepare and submit to ADB for approval updated resettlement plans based on detailed design and measurement surveys.|
|Indigenous Peoples||There are no ethnic minorities in the project area.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||During the feasibility study, environmental impact assessment (EIA) and resettlement planning, consultations were conducted with local government agencies, civil society, and affected people to discuss project alternatives, environmental concerns, and land acquisition and resettlement issues, and economic development potential. During TA implementation, about 3,627 people were interviewed in public opinion surveys, social assessments and for resettlement planning, which helped raise the level of awareness and gain local support. These processes have enabled the local stakeholders to express their opinions and to make relevant suggestions to project design and implementation. Consultations with the rural poor, women, minority population and other vulnerable groups were carried out during the socioeconomic survey on project impact and local road selections. The participatory activities are an on-going process that will continue during project implemetation.|
|During Project Implementation||Employment opportunities arising from the civil works under the Project will be maximized for local poor persons who meet the job and efficiency requirements for construction of the project roads. Such workers will be provided on-the-job training.|
The Project will provide 51 person-months of international consulting services under the loan financing to (i) help with project management during the construction period; (ii) provide expertise in tunnel construction; (iii) conduct a safety audit of the project design, and make safety recommendations on the completed construction works; (iv) help set up and implement quality-control procedures; (v) monitor the environmental impact of the Project and provide guidance on environmental mitigation measures; (vi) assist with formulating a human resource development and training program; and (vii) help establish a project performance management system. The team leader will be in the field during the construction period and will act as assistant chief supervision engineer, (i) helping the chief supervision engineer certify variation orders, contractors' monthly payments, and subcontracting documents; and (ii) helping establish a contracts management system. All consultants to be financed under the ADB loan will be selected and engaged based on the quality- and cost-based selection method using a quality-cost ratio of 80:20 in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2007, as amended from time to time). Outline terms of reference for consultants are in Supplementary Appendix I.
Construction supervision, which will be financed by the Government, will be overseen by a chief supervision engineer and will involve 2,752 person-months of national consulting services. National consultants will also be engaged to prepare bidding and bid-evaluation documents, a project performance management system, and environmental monitoring systems.
Given the high priority of the Project, ADB approved an advance contracting for civil works. The advance contracting covers the prequalification of contractors, bidding, and bid evaluation, but will not include contract awards. The advance contracting will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. The Government has been advised that approval of the advance contracting does not commit ADB to financing the Project.
All ADB-financed procurement will follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2007, as amended from time to time). The earthworks contracts will be divided into 16 packages, which will be procured using international competitive bidding. International competitive bidding will be handled by a tendering company that is well qualified to perform these tasks. All other packages-two expressway pavement, one maintenance equipment, one expressway earth work, two traffic management facilities, two planting and landscaping contracts, two ancillary facilities, and one tunnel facility-will be financed by the government and procured under national competitive bidding (NCB). The relevant sections of ADB's anticorruption policy will be included in all documents and contracts related to the bidding for and implementation of the Project.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Zhang, Wen|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||PRC Resident Mission|
Sichuan Provincial Communications Department
180 Wuhouci St. Chengdu City, Sichuan
|Concept Clearance||29 Aug 2005|
|Fact Finding||28 Feb 2006 to 16 Mar 2006|
|MRM||24 May 2006|
|Approval||17 Jul 2007|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||16 Mar 2006|
|Last PDS Update||04 Sep 2015|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|17 Jul 2007||23 Jan 2008||05 May 2008||31 Dec 2012||-||19 Apr 2013|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1,425.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||200.00||17 Jul 2007||196.45||0.00||98%|
|Cofinancing||556.00||17 Jul 2007||200.00||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Eastern Sichuan Roads Development Project||Project/Program Completion Reports||Jun 2014|
|Eastern Sichuan Roads Development Project||Project/Program Administration Manual||Oct 2008|
|Loan Agreement for Eastern Sichuan Roads Development Project between People's Republic of China and Asian Development Bank dated 23 January 2008||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Jan 2008|
|Project Agreement for Eastern Sichuan Roads Development Project between Asian Development Bank and Sichuan Provincial Government dated 23 January 2008||Project/Program Agreements||Jan 2008|
|Eastern Sichuan Roads Development Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Jun 2007|
|Proposed Loan Eastern Sichuan Roads Development Project||Procurement Plans||Jun 2007|
|Eastern Sichuan Roads Development Project||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||May 2006|
|Eastern Sichuan Roads Development Project||Design and Monitoring Frameworks||Sep 2005|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|People’s Republic of China: Eastern Sichuan Roads Development Project||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Dec 2014|
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.