|Project Name||Sustainable Agroforestry Systems for Livelihood Enhancement of the Rural Poor|
|Country||Lao People's Democratic Republic
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change|
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
The national government, through the Luang Namtha provincial government, requested assistance through ADB to inaugurate sustainable approaches for reducing poverty and to introduce proactive measures to enable local communities to partake of the potential economic advantages of Route 3 upgrading, while shielding them from the potentially adverse impacts of rapid modernization.
The Project focuses on the development of sedentarized and intensified agro-forestry livelihood systems that will lift farm family awareness and productivity sufficiently to enable confident and equitable engagement in the economic opportunities afforded by Route 3 upgrading.
The project will consist of the following components: (i) agricultural land development for sedentarization and intensification, (ii) establishment of tree plantations, rehabilitation, and protection of local forest, (iii) skills enhancement for the productive management of upgraded agricultural and forest lands, and (iv) project management, monitoring, auditing, evaluation and dissemination.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Local people in the target area predominantly practiced shifting cultivation. Shifting cultivators have extreme difficulty in producing a significant surplus for trade, especially if population grows. In addition, continuing traditional long-cycle shifting cultivation, even if there were sufficient land to do so, poses risks to land occupancy security as this type of cultivation does not secure formal land occupancy certification. Therefore, to lift ethnic households practicing shifting cultivation out of poverty and enable them to partake of the opportunities and protect them from key negative consequences of road upgrading, the best option was to sedentarize agriculture under intensive yet sustainable permanent land-use systems because this would significantly improve family farm productivity and pave the way for official land occupancy certification, thus securing land tenure. The nine villages, which were previously isolated and vulnerable ethnic minority communities along upgraded Route 3, and which were most likely to be exposed to these associated potential negative consequences, were selected as the target area.|
|Impact||To bring about socially, environmentally, and ecologically sustainable rural poverty reduction.|
|Description of Outcome||To stabilize land use in a typical pilot area comprising nine impoverished ethnic minority communities in one subcatchment area in northern Lao PDR.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Progress towards outcome was partly successful due to delay in implementation caused by the replacement of the NGO.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Agricultural land developed for sedentarisasion and intensification.
Local forests rehabilitated and protected.
Skills enhanced for the productive management of upgraded agricultural and forest lands.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
7 irrigation schemes were constructed or upgraded. This covers 35 hectares of existing paddy and 40 hectares of new paddy field.
A water users' group has been established for each of the systems. An operation and maintenance manual for small irrigation schemes developed.
9 hectares of village use forest is rehabilitated on a pilot basis.
1,371 farmers have participated in training for non-timber forest product and integrated agriculture and other farming practices.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Minimal or no adverse environmental impacts envisaged.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||No involuntary resettlement impacts envisaged.|
|Indigenous Peoples||No negative impacts on indigenous peoples envisaged.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The project was prepared based on the results of an intensive participatory socioeconomic survey and land-use planning campaign in each target village, eliciting informed opinions of all stakeholders. Villagers' involvement was solicited from the earliest stages of project preparation for target communities to have a sense of project ownership.|
|During Project Implementation||Various consultations with beneficial farmers have been conducted through village development committees and interest groups in the nine villages. The project coordination committee comprising representatives of key stakeholders have convened periodically to oversight the progress of the project.|
|Consulting Services||Consulting services have been completed.|
|Procurement||Procurement for civil works and goods/equipment has been completed.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Watanabe, Kazuhiro|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SERD|
Provincial Government of Luangnamtha
Provincial Governor's Office
Luang Namtha Province
|Concept Clearance||11 Mar 2003|
|Fact Finding||31 May 2004 to 04 Jun 2004|
|Approval||04 Jan 2005|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||30 Mar 2012|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|04 Jan 2005||17 Jun 2005||17 Jun 2005||31 Dec 2008||31 Jan 2011||15 Jun 2012|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1.50||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||04 Jan 2005||0.00||1.43||95%|
|Cofinancing||1.50||04 Jan 2005||0.00||1.43||95%|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Sustainable Agroforestry Systems for Livelihood Enhancement of the Rural Poor||Grant Assistance Reports||Dec 2004|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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