Kyrgyz Republic: Vocational Education and Skills Development

Sovereign Project | 38298-022 Status: Closed

ADB is helping the Kyrgyz Republic address mismatches in the labor market through vocational education reforms. The project will boost skills training opportunities for adults and out-of-school youth. It will improve teaching and learning environments; update the curriculum, assessment methods, and learning materials; and support training for instructors and school managers.

Project Results



    students benefiting from new or improved educational facilities



    students educated and trained under improved quality assurance systems



    teachers trained with quality or competency standards

The results data reported above are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. For definitions of results indicators, please see the ADB Results Framework Indicators Definition.

Project Details

Project Officer
Van der Auwera, Michiel Central and West Asia Department Request for information
  • Kyrgyz Republic
  • Grant
  • Education
Project Name Vocational Education and Skills Development
Project Number 38298-022
Country Kyrgyz Republic
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0074-KGZ: Vocational Education and Skills Development
Concessional ordinary capital resources / Asian Development Fund US$ 10.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education - Technical and vocational education and training

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The Project assists the government in reforming the primary vocational education (PVE) system and increasing skill training opportunities for adults and out of school youth. the Project has four components: (i) consolidation of PVE system; (ii) improving teaching and learning environments; (iii) modernization of curriculum and assessment and development of learning materials, and (iv) human resource development.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

At project design stage, the economy in the Kyrgyz Republic was recovering with projected average GDP of 7.5% for the period 2006-2010. While the government is set to improve the enabling conditions for private sector growth, lack of skilled labor is a key issue for the business community. In line with economic growth projections, feedback from employers confirm the strong demand for quality skilled labor particular for (i) service sectors, including tourism, information tehnologies and repair services; (ii) construction related occupations, including electricians, welders, plumbers, carpenter, and bricklayers; and (iii) non-mining industries.

The Project is the first intervention in the vocational education sector. By reforming the current PVE system to become demand-driven and efficient, the Project assists the Government in complementing the transition of the education system from the Soviet model to a system that is responsive to the requirements of a market-based economy and consistent with the internationally accepted education standards. While there is a growing need for skilled workers in the formal and informal labor market, graduates from vocational schools have difficulty finding jobs because they lack employable skills. In order to address the mismatch in the labor market the Project will assist the Government in (i) creating flexible mechanisms with active industry participation to regularly adapt training programs to new business circumstances, (ii) preparing flexible graduates who are able to adjust to changing demands in the labor market quickly, and (iii) consolidating the current primary vocational education (PVE) system.

A consolidated and modernized PVE system will improve utilization of facilities and ensure a more efficient deployment of staff. Reorganized PVE schools with efficient staff structures will be more flexible to respond to changing demands of labor market. The project will promote an entrepreneurial approach to managing schools and program delivery in order to (i) increase income generation through marketing of short term skills training courses, selling of services and production of basic goods, and (ii) provide an environment for students which will demonstrate the principles of entrepreneurship.

Impact Employability and income earning opportunities of graduates from primary vocational schools improved, leading to private sector led economic growth

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome Enhanced equitable access to and improved quality and relevance of primary vocational education and short term skills training
Progress Toward Outcome Project activities were completed on 31 December 2012. Winding up activities are underway to financially close the project.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. PVE system consolidated and modernized

2. Teaching and learning envuironment in PVSs are rehabilitated and upgraded.

3. Curriculum and teaching and learning materials developed

4. Human resource development plan implemented.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

12 schools have been consolidated into 6 complex schools in line with the consolidation strategy. The draft decree on consolidation is with Prime Minister

The VET-MIS is in place since June 2011. The VET-MIS is being introduced in 25 PVSs supported under the project. In August 2011, a module "graduates" was added that will function as a register of graduates.

In April 2010, all PVSs prepared a business plan. During the subsequent years, the business plans were updated in the 25 PVSs supported under the project

Consolidation strategy is in place since February 2010 (MOU signed between Minister of Labor and ADB)

In 2011, total income generated by the PVE system comprised Som82.5 million

A new certification system is being developed for 18 occupations supported under the project

Rehabilitation works in PVSs were completed. A new regulatory environment is being developed to allow the optimization of the use of school resources allowing to teach short courses year around, as well as during evening and weekends. In February 2012, the tailoring CBT course was introduced in evening courses.

School Advisory Boards are established in all PVSs (100%)

Civil works in 159 workshops were completed in December 2011. Installation of training equipment was completed on 5 Oct 12.

Physically disabled have improved access to 25 schools since December 2011. Civil works, including ramps and adjusted rest rooms for disabled students, were completed

Civil works in 25 dormitories were completed in December 2011

The National Professional Skills Development Council Decree was approved on 26 March 2012

Standards for 10 trades - 18 priority occupations were prepared and approved on 2 September 2011

Curriculum development for 10 trades - 18 occupations were completed in December 2011

Training materials for 10 trades - 18 occupations have been developed and training on how to use the materials have been provided.

A taskforce was formed to prepare the restructuring of AVE

261 staff were trainied on business planning

124 master multipliers were trained to provide country-wide training

140 people were trained in curriculum and training material development

Geographical Location 25 primary vocational schools spread over all regions

Safeguard Categories

Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects

The Project will carry out minor rehabilitation and repairs of existing school buildings and facilities; there will be no land acquisition required,

and no negative environmental or resettlement impact. Some school rehabilitation works will include improved water supply and sanitation and sewage systems, which will promote good health and have a positive environmental impact.

Involuntary Resettlement The Project will carry out minor rehabilitation and repairs within the existing school buildings and facilities with no land acquisition required.
Indigenous Peoples The Project is not expected to have any adverse effects on indigenous people.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design .
During Project Implementation In Feb 2010, the EA and ADB mission agreed on the strategic direction under which project activities will be continued, as well as on the selection of PVSs to be supported by the Project. Substantial progress has been made since. More time and inputs are required to make the reforms sustainable. The project has been extended until 30 June 2012 in order for the project to successfully meet its outcome.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services A total of 35 person-months of international and 107 person-months of national consulting services will be contracted from grant funds under the four components. This will include experts in the field of vocational education and skills development policy development, organizational development, curriculum and standards development, entrepreneourship promotion, development of learning materials, procurement of training equipment, labor market assessment, and legislative reform.
Procurement Procurement of civil works will be carried out through national competitive bidding.

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Van der Auwera, Michiel
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Public Management, Financial Sector and Trade Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Agency for Vocational Education
Mr. T. A. Cholponkulov, Director
[email protected]
22a Manas Avenue, Bishkek 720031 Kyrgyz Republic
Agency for Vocational Education
Osmonaliev Madyar Almasovich
[email protected]
720031, Bishkek, Pr. Manasa, 22a, Kyrgyz


Concept Clearance 02 May 2004
Fact Finding 28 Aug 2006 to 08 Sep 2006
MRM 23 Oct 2006
Approval 29 Jan 2007
Last Review Mission -
PDS Creation Date 27 Oct 2008
Last PDS Update 06 Mar 2013

Grant 0074-KGZ

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Jan 2007 21 Sep 2007 08 Feb 2008 30 Sep 2011 31 Dec 2012 30 Apr 2013
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 13.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 10.00 29 Jan 2007 9.58 0.00 96%
Counterpart 3.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 29 Jan 2007 9.58 0.00 96%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

Title Document Type Document Date
Kyrgyz Republic: Vocational Education and Skills Development Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Dec 2014

Related Publications

None currently available.

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