ADB is helping the Kyrgyz Republic address mismatches in the labor market through vocational education reforms. The project will boost skills training opportunities for adults and out-of-school youth. It will improve teaching and learning environments; update the curriculum, assessment methods, and learning materials; and support training for instructors and school managers.
students benefiting from new or improved educational facilities
students educated and trained under improved quality assurance systems
teachers trained with quality or competency standards
The results data reported above are limited to ADB's core sectors, as defined under Strategy 2020 and tracked through indicators in the ADB Results Framework. For definitions of results indicators, please see the ADB Results Framework Indicators Definition.
|Project Name||Vocational Education and Skills Development|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education - Technical and vocational education and training
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The Project assists the government in reforming the primary vocational education (PVE) system and increasing skill training opportunities for adults and out of school youth. the Project has four components: (i) consolidation of PVE system; (ii) improving teaching and learning environments; (iii) modernization of curriculum and assessment and development of learning materials, and (iv) human resource development.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
At project design stage, the economy in the Kyrgyz Republic was recovering with projected average GDP of 7.5% for the period 2006-2010. While the government is set to improve the enabling conditions for private sector growth, lack of skilled labor is a key issue for the business community. In line with economic growth projections, feedback from employers confirm the strong demand for quality skilled labor particular for (i) service sectors, including tourism, information tehnologies and repair services; (ii) construction related occupations, including electricians, welders, plumbers, carpenter, and bricklayers; and (iii) non-mining industries.
The Project is the first intervention in the vocational education sector. By reforming the current PVE system to become demand-driven and efficient, the Project assists the Government in complementing the transition of the education system from the Soviet model to a system that is responsive to the requirements of a market-based economy and consistent with the internationally accepted education standards. While there is a growing need for skilled workers in the formal and informal labor market, graduates from vocational schools have difficulty finding jobs because they lack employable skills. In order to address the mismatch in the labor market the Project will assist the Government in (i) creating flexible mechanisms with active industry participation to regularly adapt training programs to new business circumstances, (ii) preparing flexible graduates who are able to adjust to changing demands in the labor market quickly, and (iii) consolidating the current primary vocational education (PVE) system.
A consolidated and modernized PVE system will improve utilization of facilities and ensure a more efficient deployment of staff. Reorganized PVE schools with efficient staff structures will be more flexible to respond to changing demands of labor market. The project will promote an entrepreneurial approach to managing schools and program delivery in order to (i) increase income generation through marketing of short term skills training courses, selling of services and production of basic goods, and (ii) provide an environment for students which will demonstrate the principles of entrepreneurship.
|Impact||Employability and income earning opportunities of graduates from primary vocational schools improved, leading to private sector led economic growth|
|Description of Outcome||Enhanced equitable access to and improved quality and relevance of primary vocational education and short term skills training|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Project activities were completed on 31 December 2012. Winding up activities are underway to financially close the project.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. PVE system consolidated and modernized
2. Teaching and learning envuironment in PVSs are rehabilitated and upgraded.
3. Curriculum and teaching and learning materials developed
4. Human resource development plan implemented.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
12 schools have been consolidated into 6 complex schools in line with the consolidation strategy. The draft decree on consolidation is with Prime Minister
The VET-MIS is in place since June 2011. The VET-MIS is being introduced in 25 PVSs supported under the project. In August 2011, a module "graduates" was added that will function as a register of graduates.
In April 2010, all PVSs prepared a business plan. During the subsequent years, the business plans were updated in the 25 PVSs supported under the project
Consolidation strategy is in place since February 2010 (MOU signed between Minister of Labor and ADB)
In 2011, total income generated by the PVE system comprised Som82.5 million
A new certification system is being developed for 18 occupations supported under the project
Rehabilitation works in PVSs were completed. A new regulatory environment is being developed to allow the optimization of the use of school resources allowing to teach short courses year around, as well as during evening and weekends. In February 2012, the tailoring CBT course was introduced in evening courses.
School Advisory Boards are established in all PVSs (100%)
Civil works in 159 workshops were completed in December 2011. Installation of training equipment was completed on 5 Oct 12.
Physically disabled have improved access to 25 schools since December 2011. Civil works, including ramps and adjusted rest rooms for disabled students, were completed
Civil works in 25 dormitories were completed in December 2011
The National Professional Skills Development Council Decree was approved on 26 March 2012
Standards for 10 trades - 18 priority occupations were prepared and approved on 2 September 2011
Curriculum development for 10 trades - 18 occupations were completed in December 2011
Training materials for 10 trades - 18 occupations have been developed and training on how to use the materials have been provided.
A taskforce was formed to prepare the restructuring of AVE
261 staff were trainied on business planning
124 master multipliers were trained to provide country-wide training
140 people were trained in curriculum and training material development
|Geographical Location||25 primary vocational schools spread over all regions|
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
The Project will carry out minor rehabilitation and repairs of existing school buildings and facilities; there will be no land acquisition required,
and no negative environmental or resettlement impact. Some school rehabilitation works will include improved water supply and sanitation and sewage systems, which will promote good health and have a positive environmental impact.
|Involuntary Resettlement||The Project will carry out minor rehabilitation and repairs within the existing school buildings and facilities with no land acquisition required.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The Project is not expected to have any adverse effects on indigenous people.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||.|
|During Project Implementation||In Feb 2010, the EA and ADB mission agreed on the strategic direction under which project activities will be continued, as well as on the selection of PVSs to be supported by the Project. Substantial progress has been made since. More time and inputs are required to make the reforms sustainable. The project has been extended until 30 June 2012 in order for the project to successfully meet its outcome.|
|Consulting Services||A total of 35 person-months of international and 107 person-months of national consulting services will be contracted from grant funds under the four components. This will include experts in the field of vocational education and skills development policy development, organizational development, curriculum and standards development, entrepreneourship promotion, development of learning materials, procurement of training equipment, labor market assessment, and legislative reform.|
|Procurement||Procurement of civil works will be carried out through national competitive bidding.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Van der Auwera, Michiel|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Public Management, Financial Sector and Trade Division, CWRD|
Agency for Vocational Education
Mr. T. A. Cholponkulov, Director
22a Manas Avenue, Bishkek 720031 Kyrgyz Republic Agency for Vocational Education
Osmonaliev Madyar Almasovich
720031, Bishkek, Pr. Manasa, 22a, Kyrgyz
|Concept Clearance||02 May 2004|
|Fact Finding||28 Aug 2006 to 08 Sep 2006|
|MRM||23 Oct 2006|
|Approval||29 Jan 2007|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|PDS Creation Date||27 Oct 2008|
|Last PDS Update||06 Mar 2013|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|29 Jan 2007||21 Sep 2007||08 Feb 2008||30 Sep 2011||31 Dec 2012||30 Apr 2013|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||13.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||10.00||29 Jan 2007||9.58||0.00||96%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||29 Jan 2007||9.58||0.00||96%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Vocational Education and Skills Development Project||Project/Program Completion Reports||Jun 2014|
|Vocational Education and Skills Development Project (Financed by the ADB Special Funds Resources)||Project/Program Administration Manual||May 2008|
|Proposed Asian Development Fund Grant Kyrgyz Republic: Vocational Education and Skills Development Project||Procurement Plans||Feb 2007|
|Grant Agreement for Vocational Education and Skills Development Project between Kyrgyz Republic and ADB dated 21 September 2007||Grant Agreement||Jan 2007|
|Vocational Education and Skills Development Project||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Jan 2007|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Kyrgyz Republic: Vocational Education and Skills Development Project||Validations of Project Completion Reports||Dec 2014|
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Building Skills in Kyrgyz Republic: Good Training Means Good JobsThe Kyrgyz Republic is transforming an outdated system of vocational education into job-training programs that give graduates the skills companies need.
Vocational Training and Jobs in the Kyrgyz RepublicADB assists the government and civil society in reforming the primary vocational education (PVE) system and increasing training opportunities for adults and out of school youth in the Kyrgyz Republic.