Nepal: South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project
The proposed project will improve airport capacity at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu and at Gautam Buddha Airport (GBA) in Lumbini by constructing a parallel taxiway extension and domestic apron areas at TIA and a new international terminal building at GBA.
Yeo, Kai Wei
South Asia Department
Request for information
|Project Name||South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project|
|Country / Economy||Nepal
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Air transport
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The proposed project will improve airport capacity at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu and at Gautam Buddha Airport (GBA) in Lumbini by constructing a parallel taxiway extension and domestic apron areas at TIA and a new international terminal building at GBA.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Civil aviation is crucial to transport, trade, and tourism in the landlocked country, and provides indispensable links for the hilly and mountain areas which are inaccessible by other transport modes. Tourism is one of the major economic activities in Nepal and is on top of the governments priorities. Foreign exchange earned from the tourism sector in FY2018 is estimated at $563 million, which is equivalent to 65% of goods exports. Considering that more than 80% of international tourists come to Nepal by air currently through the TIA, improvement of the civil aviation sector is essential for tourism to flourish and to be channeled toward economic development of the country. The TIA presently serves as the unique gateway airport to Nepal. Even though the TIA plays a critical role in the civil aviation sector of the country as an international gateway as well as a domestic hub, its close proximity to the Kathmandu city center does not allow its expansion beyond the current airport boundary. The increasing demand should be handled through (i) the more efficient use of the available areas within the existing airport premises at the TIA; and (ii) distribution of the concentrated international air traffic to other airports.|
Tourism-led economic development in Nepal enhanced
|Description of Outcome||
Safety, capacity, and efficiency of air travel to and from Nepal improved
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
TIA airside facilities completed in accordance with the TIA master plan
International terminal building constructed at GBA constructed (Terminal 2)
Next phase of TIA works design completed
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Procurement of TIA parallel taxiway is ongoing.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is categorized B for environment in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement. The project involves the construction of parallel taxiway and hangar aprons in TIA and a new international terminal building in GBA. There are no critical habitats nor cultural heritage sites that will be affected. Low to medium adverse environmental impacts are expected arising from the civil works in the two airports, but the impacts are localized and reversible, and mitigating measures have been proposed. An initial environmental examination was prepared for each site, incorporating an environmental management plan (EMP) to manage adverse impacts identified. The EMP, which adheres to national guidelines of Nepal, World Health Organization guidelines, and ADB guidance documents, identified (i) the mitigating measures for all major environmental impacts in all phases of the project, (ii) the responsible entities to implement and monitor the mitigating measures, and (iii) the cost of implementing proposed measures. The EMP also includes a health and safety plan to minimize the impacts of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project is categorized C for involuntary resettlement. The TIA and GBA project activities will not involve any involuntary acquisition of land as all work will be undertaken within the existing premises of the airport.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is categorized C for indigenous people.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Salient information regarding the project, including scope, general progress status, beneficiaries, invitations for bid, and consultant recruitment notices, will be provided to the general public. The safeguard documents, i.e., the initial environmental examination including the EMP, resettlement plans, indigenous peoples plan (if any), will be posted on ADB's website. CAAN will provide relevant information in a timely manner, in an accessible place, and in a form and in languages understandable to the displaced people and other stakeholders. If the displaced people are illiterate, other appropriate communication methods will have to be used.|
|During Project Implementation|
An 18-month procurement plan indicating threshold and review procedures, goods, works, and consulting service contract packages and national competitive bidding guidelines. All consultants will be recruited according to ADB's Procurement Regulations (2017, as amended from time to time).
Construction supervision consultant. A firm of international consultants in association with domestic consultants will assist CAAN in implementing the project by (i) providing project management assistance, (ii) carrying out expeditious review of designs, (iii) supervising and administering works contracts, (iv) preparing a project performance management system, and (v) reporting and documenting progress of works. About 90 person-months for international consultant services and 625 person-months for national consultant services will be required. The consulting firm will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection method with a standard quality-cost ratio of 90:10.
Individual consultant services. Individual international and national consultants will also be engaged through individual consultant selection for environmental and social safeguard monitoring report preparation; contract management; and project management support. About 6 person-months of international consultant services and 36 person-months of national consultant services will be required.
Next phase design consultant. A second firm of international consultants will be recruited to (i) review the current master plan of TIA, (ii) carry out detailed engineering design and preparation of bidding documents for procurement of works and equipment, and (iii) assist CAAN to undertake public-private partnership in the air transport sector. About 37 person-months of international consultant services and 60 person-months of national consultant services will be required. The consulting firm will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection method with a standard quality-cost ratio of 90:10.
|Procurement||Activities to be concluded in advance include the procurement of two civil works contracts and the recruitment of a construction supervision consulting firm. All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). All procurement activities will be the responsibility of the project director of the project implementation unit, who will be supported by their staff and consultants. ADB will closely monitor all major project implementation activities. Civil works contracts will comprise three open competitive bidding packages for the (i) extension of the parallel taxiway to connect Runway-02 end at TIA and associated works, (ii) hangar area development at the east side of the runway at TIA and associated works, and (iii) construction of terminal 2 at GBA.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Yeo, Kai Wei|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SARD|
Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal
Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation
|Concept Clearance||31 Mar 2020|
|Fact Finding||24 Jun 2020 to 06 Jul 2020|
|MRM||03 Sep 2020|
|Approval||19 Nov 2020|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||29 Sep 2022|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|19 Nov 2020||22 Dec 2020||10 May 2021||30 Jun 2027||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||198.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||150.00||27 Sep 2022||31.17||0.00||21%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||27 Sep 2022||0.03||0.00||0%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Project Agreement for Loan 4005-NEP: South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project||Project/Program Agreements||Dec 2020|
|Loan Agreement (Ordinary Operations [Concessional]) for Loan 4005-NEP: South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Dec 2020|
|South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project: Project Administration Manual||Project/Program Administration Manual||Nov 2020|
|South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project: Report and Recommendation of the President||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Oct 2020|
|South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Nov 2019|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project: Due Diligence Report||Safeguards Due Diligence Reports||Aug 2020|
|South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project: Gautam Buddha Airport Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Aug 2020|
|South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project: Tribhuvan International Airport Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Aug 2020|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Nepal’s Second International Airport Ready for TakeoffDespite challenges posed by the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, the construction of Nepal’s Gautam Buddha International Airport (GBIA) is nearly complete. GBIA will be Nepal’s second international airport. It will also serve as an alternate for Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu in the event of bad weather or other technical issues there.
ADB Approves $150 Million Loan to Upgrade Major Airports in NepalADB has approved a $150 million concessional loan to improve the airport capacity of the Tribhuvan International Airport and Gautam Buddha Airport in Nepal.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|L4005 NEP (COL): South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Airport Capacity Enhancement Project [OCB-01/ACE-SDP/TIA/2022]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||30 Mar 2022||18 May 2022|
|4005-NEP: South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Airport Capacity Enhancement Project [OCB-01/ACE-SDP/TIA/2020 and OCB-02/ACE-SDP/TIA/2020]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||09 Dec 2020||05 Feb 2021|
|Construction Supervision Consultant||Firm - Consulting||Closed||13 Oct 2020||21 Nov 2020|
|38349-NEP: South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Airport Capacity Enhancement Project||Advance Notice||Active||28 Apr 2020|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Hangar Area Development at East side of Runway at TIA and Associated Works||Loan 4005||06 Jul 2022||AVIC-KDN Airport Engineering Co. Ltd. China. China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation (KDN-CCECC JV) | Airport Economic Core Area Ronghuiyan 31-1, Shunyi District, Beijing, China||Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation||35,666,572.81||27,742,710.16|
|Construction Supervision Consultant for TIA and GBA||Loan 4005||04 Feb 2022||EURO CONSULT for Engineering Consultancy | Site, Adak Sk. No:2, 34760 Sar1yer/Istanbul, Turkey||Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation||3,582,665.06||3,569,663.55|
None currently available.